(2013) the causes of acts of bullying can be divided into emotional and instrumental. Emotional causes suggest that aggressive acts or pranks are a means of entertainment, or that bullies aim to vent their dislike of victimized high-risk students through acts of aggression. Instrumental causes comprises of those in which the bully attacks victims to obtain possessions, power or status. Results found that students who are provocative, are different, disadvantaged or who have poor relationships with their peers, are at greater risk of being targeted by potential bullies. This may be the result of intolerance towards diversity on the part of those who bully, or be due to lack of adherence by victims to peer-group norms (Wong et al.,
Cyber bullying Have you ever been bullied? Or know someone who has been bullied before? Bullying happens every day at any time and it’s been observed in the school yards, classrooms, and school bathrooms. Bullying also has negative effects on you like, anxiety problems, health problems, sleep deprivation, and low self-esteem may occur. As indicated by the bullying statistics, suicide is caused by bullying and one of the causes of death for young people.
As regards this controversial issue, educators have risen a large amount of questions about the root causes, the negative influences and the prevention of students fights. Despite growing media coverage of school violence, the issue has been around for years. Given such a fact, this paper will discuss the harmful impacts of school violence on Vietnamese students and also provide some solutions that lessen this phenomenon. (physical, behavioral, emotional and cognitive) The first negative effect of the issue is on the students’ mental health. Daniels (2007) emphasized that mental injuries from fights at school may cause depression, anxiety problems and even psychological deficiency for students.
Social phenomenon can be attributed to the theory symbolic interaction is bullying in the community where experienced by students in primary, secondary or university level. This scenario is already happening because of many factors that contribute to social ills is valid. Consensus president of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA), Assoc Prof Datuk Ali Hasan, said the general public, including parents, teachers and the community should not feel comfortable, especially when there is a proclaimed that the problem is under control, while in reality it exists. "Alarming scenario, if only in the first of bullying among secondary school students, now even primary school pupils involved, first only boys, but now involving female students. "Before, we used to hear cases of bullying occur at a boarding school, but now it also occurs in religious schools.
All forms of bullying, including cyber-bullying, are considered intolerable and criminal at school. Bullying occurs when the bully fights or insults the victims to the point of fighting back or seeking help from someone trustworthy to prevent their issue of being bullied. First, problems of the victim who face bullying can go worse when the bully torment the victim into feeling less confident. He/she will feel alone, not going to school, becoming sick or thoughts of suicide. Furthermore, students who cyber-bully or is self-involved bullies
We also know more about the long-term effects of bullying because it is being studied far more. School is a difficult time for both teenagers and their parents. For adults, it is the time when they worry about how their child (or children) succeeds in studying, socializing, Bullying has a negative effect on the social environment of schools, creates a climate of fear among students, inhibits the ability to learn, and leads to other antisocial behavior. Other detrimental effects of bullying include impact on school safety, student engagement, and the overall school
Prejudices and hate speech have been around since the beginning of human society. The effects have been long recorded, analyzed, and documented. Hate speech can have a toxic effect, and cause victims to self hate. Constant verbal pollution in school can also affect students. Students have mainly reported incidents of hate speech about their race, next ethnicity, then sexual orientation.
CHAPTER TWO EMPIRICAL REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURES Introduction This chapter reviews relevant literature in the areas of Adolescents attitudes towards violence such as bullying behavior, parental monitoring and adolescent attitudes to violent behavior, gender and adolescent violent behaviors, age, peer influences and adolescent attitudes towards violence. Others include critique of literature, summary of literature and Hypotheses statement. 2.1 Adolescent’s and Attitudes towards Violence (Bullying Behavior) Adolescent negative attitudes such as bullying has since been regarded as a global behavioural problem that occurs in schools. Indeed, the facts of bullying behaviour has increasingly become a great problem worldwide that demands the attention of all interested party in the educational system. This circumstances appears to have reached a stage where it can be said that almost every student has been bullied or involved in bullying at one time or another during their educational pursuit or career.
Preventing Bullying in the Classroom and Promoting a Positive Classroom Environment Investigators, has found that bullying is a notorious topic which has great influence on schools in particular primary school and by extension society. Bullying can be defined as unwanted aggressive behaviour which threatens an individual well being. There are many different forms of bullying most prevalent is physical bullying face to face harassment that involves hitting, pushing and other kinds of forces. Verbal bullying is the use of words in negative way that implies harmful comments and name calling. Also cyber bullying is the use of someone else’s private or false information that can be sent via the internet; this can tarnish the victim’s identity.
Introduction School Bullying has been a worldwide problem for the past few years. This could lead to negative consequences for future generations. Bullying is repeated aggression which includes harmful behavior such as hitting, kicking and name- calling (Smith, 1991, as cited in Bowers, Smith & Binney, 1994). While Olweus (1996) thinks (as cited in Yang & Salmivalli, 2013) bullying is the action when one or more persons intimidate other powerless individual. Yang and Salmivalli (2013) talked about the forms of bullying among the bully-victims in the present time, while Bowers, Smith and Benney (1994) were interested in the links between family system as background of bullying in school.