He stands by everything he has said. Pericles was respected and liked in Athenian society, and Socrates was neither respected nor liked. Socrates questioned everything about the way people lived their lives and their beliefs. Pericles believed that Athens was the best and the way that they lived was the right way and there should be no other way of life. With the way that Pericles and Socrates lived they would clearly have different views of life.
Socrates uses reasoning and logic throughout his trial. I believe that Socrates is innocent because he defends himself truthfully with effect. He uses sound arguments and he is passionate about philosophy. Socrates did nothing to gain in life and did not want a high social standing. Socrates is fair and uses correct methods of arguments by uncovering the
Not believing in Gods Socrates did not recognize the gods, which were generally accepted in Athens. As it is known, in the community of that time some traditions and regulations were formed, and if person did not compliance them, this person acts against society. The charge was formulated as follows: "Socrates breaks the law not recognizing the gods, which recognizes the city, but recognizing the believing in some new genius" (literally "new demon"). So if in Athens laws was also traditions, and tradition was to believe in generally accepted gods, not believing in gods Socrates was breaking the law. (Modus Ponens) Socrates is like Jesus: both of them did not believe in gods of that time and both were just speaking to society, but in those speeches were hidden the great idea.
The Apology written by Plato is about the speech of Socrates at the trial in which he is accused and chargef for “corrupting the young” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonian that are novel.” The meaning of the Apology gets from the Greek "apologia," which interprets as to defend, or a speech made to defend oneself. Generally, Socrates talks in a conversational way. He clarifies that he has no involvement with the law courts. He clarifies that his conduct originates from an insight by the prophet at Delphi who guaranteed that he was the wisest of all men. Perceiving his obliviousness in most common undertakings, Socrates reasoned that he should be more clever than other men just in that he realizes that he knows nothing.
Plato lists a few ideas from Socrates’ education that a multitude can do neither good nor harm with actions being irrational and man regarding opinions of intelligible men. Plato states Socrates’ view why he should not escape the prison. Plato’s first idea he has in mind is a multitude of people can
Socrates believed that evil (bad action) was the result of ignorance. Why did he hold this view, and do you agree? Socrates believed that evil was the result of ignorance because people who do wrong things wouldn’t choose to do a bad thing if they knew better. Socrates believes this because if they were educated on what is good, they would have made a better decision instead of bad ones, I agree with him because they will always be people that would do bad and good things. Plato - Social and Political
Within Book III, the question of how to choose their rulers is brought to the attention of both Socrates and our interlocutor – Glaucon. They discuss the best methods for this selection and what a good ruler should and should not be. This dialogue opens the discussion of finding a falsehood that can persuade even rulers and possibly create a better city, leading to the usage of the Myth of Metals – the Noble Lie. Glaucon at first immediately agrees with Socrates’ point that guardians must believe they will always have to do and discern what is good for the city and never try to do the opposite. The guardians should never be coerced to abandon this belief.
Socrates should be considered a tragic hero because he had an intellectual error, not an ethical one. I think that it is a little ironic that Socrates, the man who was all about intellect, had an intellectual error. Socrates was a man who focused on the truth, and unfortunately he failed to realize that the truth might not be what everyone else was focused on. In relation to what I stated earlier here is some in text evidence; Socrates said “to disregard the manner of my speech- it doesn't matter how it compares- and to consider and concentrate your attention upon this one question, whether my claims are
Plato was a philosopher and also an instructor in ancient Greece. Plato was the most important writer and thinker in the history of Western culture. Plato had an ambition of becoming a politician, his goals were crushed when Socrates was sentenced to death in 299 B.C.. After Socrates’ death, he went back to Athens and established an Academy of philosophy and science. I. Early Years The Ancient Greek Philosopher, Plato was born around 428 B.C., in Athens, Greece.
By stating that he is the wisest, he is inherently contradicting his earlier allegation where he claims that the wisest would not realize that he is wise. According to his logic, if one claims one is wise, one loses all wisdom. Coincidentally, Socrates often claims he is wise in his Apology. Thus,
Sneering at himself, Socrates claimed that he knew nothing. In connection with this, the oracle of Delphi declared Socrates the wisest of men. Because Socrates, although he knew that he knew nothing, while others mistakenly believed that they know something. As
The forth crime that was charged was, disbelief ‘in the gods of the city.’ This charge is a result from the first charge of being ‘a natural philosopher.’ He indeed did not believe in any of the Olympian deities. He may have gotten out of this one if he praised any god and paid tribute to them, but he did not. Because he didn’t, he had committed treason. He “undercut the authority and legitimacy of a particular regime.”1 Socrates openly denied the gods, which meant he openly denied the legitimacy of the prestigious politicians of Greece.
Socrates’s official new charge “asserts that Socrates does injustice by corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” (24b, p. 73). By looking deeper into the dialogue of The Apology and Euthyphro, one can see how passionately Socrates strives to express to the Athenian people his innocence in teaching the youth and worshiping of the gods. Socrates maintains his innocence in teaching the youth for three reasons. Primarily, there is no proof or evidence from past examples in which Socrates has taught the youth because no one has come out and said so. Socrates brings up a valid point that his so-called ‘teachings’ haven’t changed over time and therefore if he is accused
Socrates, one of the greatest minds go Ancient Greece’s was no exception. As a sophist, Socrates was considered a teacher of the noble. Sophist of Greed taught young men ‘arete’: excellence or virtue for a price. However, Socrates wasn 't a regular sophist, he never accepted any monetary rawer for his ‘teachings” (b316,p813) and he never actually taught anything but rather trained minds to think. Socrates states at the trail that he doesn 't have any true knowledge and he believed that in order to have any true knowledge one must be able to produce a single, clear definition of a subject without any exclusions to the rule, something that he was never able believed that he couldn 't do .Rather than use he own opinions to teach his pupils what to think , Socrates used “systematic questioning” (b136p813) to help clear their own minds and reach their own conclusions just by thinking.