The interaction between the people and the environment was the main cause for the start of industrialization. According to Document 4, George WArner describes how England was fortunate enough to be provided with wool, coal, iron, and other materials that were nearby. Since Warner was an Englishman, he viewed the positive effects from obtaining these resources and how it aided Britain into the Industrial Revolution. According to Document 1, it shows an accurate map of the natural resources of England circa 1700. These raw materials were exploited for the benefit of the population because it demonstrated how these resources speak quickly and rapidly in England.
In the early modern period, English agriculture passed through a series of changes which led to higher productivity per unit of labour, increased yields, lower share of the workforce involved in agriculture and faster advancement than in other countries. Increased productivity in agriculture implies greater growth in urbanisation rates. This is proven by historical data referring to the differential of change in urbanisation rate between 1500 and 1800. The urban population of England increased almost 7-fold, while average Western Europe urbanisation rate only doubled. Additionally, in that period workforce involved in agriculture dropped from 75% to 43% in England, while in France and Germany dropped from 75% to 61-64%.
However, the question as to how beneficial the Agricultural Revolution was to humanity remains. Some people argue that the Agricultural Revolution offered and illusion of lavish life, but at more cost than benefit. For example, Friedrich Engels, co founder of Marxism, believed agriculture the direct cause for a loss of political innocence (Noble or Savage 2). Others argue that agricultural came as a great success for the survival of the human race, and believe it to be crucially beneficial to the development of humanity. Both arguments have their flaws and strengths, however, evidence suggests that the Agricultural Revolution benefited humanity from the perspective of a larger group, but came as a deficit to humanity from the perspective of the individual human.
Mass production became a big theme during this time, which allowed prices to lower on several goods. Trade with other countries, also helped these businesses. For Britain where the Industrial Revolution seemed to hit first, trade really benefited them. Since they had the largest ship fleet, they could trade with the Americas very easily and in high quantity. Those countries relied on Britain for trade as well as others in
Not having to constantly relocate due to depleted food resources allowed people to settle down in one place all year long. Staying in one place gave the settlers time to study the growth patterns of local plants and develop methods to grow them in large quantities. The switch from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle to one of settlement and agriculture is what allowed the formation of civilization. The surplus of food provided by agriculture allowed for rapid growth of population. Farmers would replant the seeds of the plants that had the
This influenced colonisation of North America due to the fact that population growth threatened to undermine the existing social order as the government did not know how to cope with the growing number of people and they struggled to find places for people to work without causing social disorder. It was important at this time for countries to mobilise economic resources so that all resources could be narrowly focused on a common goal, such as industrial or commercial expansion. That strength of the western European states which could be mobilised lay in conditions that permitted the growth, on the foundation of initially landlord and peasant economies, of industries, trading activities and services whose productivity was relatively high and which in favourable circumstances could originate innovations in technique or organisation or effect regular capital accumulation. The western European countries all experienced rapid population growth until the end of the 16th century. The growth of population, supported by more abundant money supply, was at the base of an economic expansion that was general during the 16th century.
This way of production is necessary because it’s a more efficient way to feed people. The world population is rapidly growing, and a problem that might be faced is a way to keep the world properly fed. Industrial farming is a way to “keep pace with a rapidly growing global production”. The question often asked is why industrial farming become so popular has. There are many reasons; one of the main reasons is that it’s inexpensive “with the use of factory farms, the prices of foods have drastically dropped.”(“Green Garage,”2015) The main effect for this decrease is that foods are being processed and produced at a faster rate by employing quicker, more efficient processes.
They were in need of work, so they went to the city. Later urban population kept gradually increasing until it reached 41 percent by 1851. The duration of the agricultural revolution, Britain developed mechanisms to lead its way to the industrial revolution. Series of little drastic changes, benefits from profitable trading, and feeding the population made it possible. The agricultural revolution set the stage for the industrial revolution because raw materials, workers, merchant marine, and geography had some sort of start in
Followed by new crops and techniques, increases in output and land improvement, but also urban growth, agriculture became much more productive. Institutions such as enclosures and large farms are said to have increased productivity by encouraging farmers to adopt those new crops and techniques. However, there is little direct evidence for the actual impact of changes in land tenure on agricultural productivity. Indeed, the consequences of the enclosure movement on agricultural productivity has been a deeply debated topic in English economic history. The Bing-Bang was a trigger for the agricultural revolution.