He took control of Muslim holy cities such as Mecca and Medina. He also took control of Cairo and Egypt, the intellectual center of the Muslim world. Selim’s son, Suleyman, made tremendous impact on the Ottoman empire, driving it to it’s peak. Suleyman made an efficient and structured government that reduces bureaucracy. He also made law codes to handle criminal and civil actions, limited taxes, and improved citizens lives.
He inherited the Islamic Empire from his father, Selim I, who is credited for changing the landscape from what it used to be. Under his reign, the Ottoman Empire expanded such that it covered a significant part of the Arabic world. When Sultan Suleyman inherited the empire, he began his reign by getting rid of threats that had continued to affect the influence of the Ottoman realm. In doing so, he wanted to ensure that everyone recognized the power of the Ottoman Empire and that no one would be tempted to take advantage of the young sultan (Morgan & Reid, 2010). Unlike his father, Suleyman wanted to see the Ottoman Empire reach the peak of political and military power.
In 661, he moved on Goguryeo but was repelled. King Munmu was the first ruler ever to look upon the south of Korean Peninsula as a single political entity after the fall of Gojoseon. As such, the post-668 Silla kingdom is often referred to as Unified Silla. Unified Silla and Tang Dynasty of China maintained close ties. This was evidenced by the continual importation of
When Mansa Musa was ruling over Mali, he wanted to attract more scholars from Eurasia to Mali so that his empire would have a bigger reputation. So Mansa Musa decided to build multiple universities and mosques, most notably the University of Timbuktu, to draw many scholars to Mali to learn about Islam. The plan proved to be successful, and many scholars flocked to these universities to learn facts about Science, Astronomy, and so on. After a few years of these universities being built, word spread to all of Europe and almost all of Asia of how much knowledge Mali knew. Their reputation grew so big, that many scholars from around the world converted to Islam, even though it wasn’t the religion they were familiar with.
as well as the ministers. They confiscated the lands and gave them to the peasants to eliminate aristocracy. In order to build up and strengthen the centralization of government, Shi Huangdi embarked on an ambitious campaign of standardizing currency and weights and measures. The laws were strict and harsh in this unified empire. Death was the penalty for any corruption by the government servants.
While Europe was plagued with diseases and constant warfare, Islamic kingdoms in Africa were prospering. After the fall of the Kingdom of Ghana, the Mali Empire rose to dominate Western Africa. It became one of the most prominent states in the Islamic world, in large part due to Musa Keita I. Considered to be one of the richest people to ever live, he has been credited with making the Mali Empire a cultural center in the Islamic world. Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca, which not only was one of the grandest journeys in history but also had a significant influence on numerous kingdoms and the spread of Islam in Africa.
These daimyo’s all answered to the Tokugawa main family. The last of this clan and the last shogun with governmental power was Tokugawa Yoshinobu (Britannica 1). The Japanese were well aware of what had happened to china once they were exposed to world culture and so the Japanese were very hesitant to open themselves up to trade. Japan had been growing economically for many years, they accomplished
The changes made by Qin Shi Huang are what made him successfully unify China. Qin Shi Huang made many changes to how he wanted to rule China, however, some of the most important and famed revisions were his different methods of managing his land. Distribution of lands during previous dynasties, like the Zhou dynasty(1046 BCE-256 BCE) (Britannica, Zhou dynasty, 2016, 2018), was too lax compared to the Qin; because they allowed pre-existing rulers to maintain their land. “Zhou kings sent members of their family to set up fortresses and rule new territories in the conquered lands. They also made local rulers into feudal lords who ruled for them.
However, from the beginning, King Abdulaziz, organized his kingdom in a modern way. • He delegated authority and formed a government for Hijaz area after conquering it. • He then created the non-existing office of General Prosecutor and appointed his son Prince Faisal to head that office that was in the year 1926. • He also assigned to Prince Faisal the Chairmanship of the Shuora Council
After several wars, Muhammad won Mecca and established a foundation of Islamic Empire. After Muhammad's death, there was no arrangement for his succession. Abu Bakr undertook succession duty and became first caliph. After him other caliphs Umar, 'Uthman and Ali are known as Rashidun caliphs. They helped to spread of Islam through Egypt to Spain and built a strong Islamic state.