The transatlantic slave trade was a brutal and inhumane enterprise, where millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the Americas under brutal conditions (Bailyn 140). The conditions for enslaved Africans on English sugar plantations were often horrific, with harsh punishments and long working hours in hot and humid conditions (Fisher 47). Nonetheless, it is undeniable that the use of enslaved labor was a crucial factor in the success of the English colonies in the Caribbean. The use of slave labor allowed the English to cultivate crops such as sugar cane at a much lower cost, and thus gain a competitive advantage in the global market (Fisher 34). Without the labor of enslaved Africans, it is unlikely that the English would have been able to establish such profitable and successful sugar
In 1518, the slave trade grow greatly because of the trade with America. This event became a part of the triangle trade and a new world economy. Triangle trade connected Europe, Africa, Asia and America. Europe would export cloth, guns, and utensils to Africa, then Africa would export slaves to America and sold. America then would sell tobacco and sugar to Europe were they would be sold at markets.
It also increased the demand for cheap labor in the Americas. This resulted in a larger use of slaves and lead to the transatlantic slave trade. As suggested in “The Columbian Exchange: A History of Disease, Food, and Ideas'', over twelve million people from Africa were forcibly moved to the Americas and forced to work as slaves. Before the Columbian Exchange, slaves were rarely utilized in the Americas, but due to the increase in production of valued crops like sugarcane and coffee, they became the number one location for the use of slavery. Without the Columbian Exchange this would not have
Europeans introduced chattel slavery, primarily involving the forced labor of Africans, which had a profound impact on social structures. The transatlantic slave trade depopulated regions of West Africa and resulted in the enslavement of millions of Africans. Slavery replaced or supplemented existing indigenous labor practices, such as tribute systems or coerced labor. For example, in the Caribbean and Brazil, sugarcane plantations relied heavily on enslaved Africans, leading to the establishment of plantation economies and hierarchical social structures based on race. Slavery and the racial caste system that emerged had long-lasting consequences for social hierarchies and economic development in the Western
During the 16th and 17th centuries, the trade networks of Afro-Eurasia expanded into a truly global economy, where once isolated civilizations were now actively involved in global relations. Expeditions, expansion, conquest, and colonization, specifically by Western Europe, brought the Americas, Atlantic islands, and West Indies into the world network for the first time. Not only did this surge bring new crops, animals, and products into the trade network, it also created new economic techniques, like slaveholding. The period also saw once economically powerful nations lag behind, as Western Europe became a dominant force after a major shift in power. The economy of the 16th and 17th centuries differed from the previous trade networks because
African slaves took care of the hard labor of handling sugar cane. Sugar cane was used for tea, sugar, and chocolate. The poor people greatly benefited of the new plants that had came. The trading of plants and creatures changed the lifestyles for the Europeans, Americans, Africans, and Asians permitting the zones to flow a variety of new products and animals which increased population. Animals like sheep, cattle, and horses greatly impacted many
Because of these demands workers were needed to plant and harvest plantation fields filled with product. This is where Africa contributes slaves into the Columbian Exchange. People in Africa were sold into slavery and shipped to Europe, Asia, and the Americas. This however was not something modern, for hundreds of years Europeans and Asians sailed to Africa to buy and kidnap slaves.
Starting in the Americas, sugar cane brought over from the Old World became the mainstay in Caribbean and Brazilian economies which, along with rice and cotton production, was the foundation for slavery in the Americas. Columbus also brought over fundamental crops, mainly wheat which was, and still is, a highly
The manufacturers were faced with maintaining a high crop yield, but luckily the Caribbean islands provided an ideal location for growing cane sugar. Once plantations were constructed yet another issue confronted the owners, cheap labor. For the plantations to produce large enough quantities of sugar to fulfill the demand, many slaves were necessary; thus, a successful slave industry arose with the aid of these wealthy entrepreneurs who hoped to own successful plantations. The absentee owners in England, Spain, and France became increasingly wealthy as the demand and industry for sugar
The enslavement of Africans and Native Americans played a crucial role in the development of the new world economy. Slave provided the labor and power necessary to settle and develop the new world. Slaves were viewed as material that could be profitable. Because they were dark skinned they were viewed as inferior to whites. African were a form of commodities and no
When the Americas were first being settled, the Europeans started farming to get a stable economy going. They decided that they couldn’t work the fields themselves, because they were too rich to be doing anything for themselves, so the early settlers started piggybacking off of other people’s hard work. Slaves started to make up more of our population than the actual Europeans did. They were all brought over from Africa and they were thought of as property; not people. During the Atlantic World, African slavery had many causes and effects on early American society.
In the Americas, the main exports were silver and cash crops, both of which required work that was terribly tedious and exhausting. This led to the overwhelming predominance of slavery in the Americas, since the Europeans were not willing to carry out the hard work themselves. When the Europeans found they lacked a workforce, the sought slaves elsewhere. While the people who were called slaves changed, the institution never did. The same mistreatment, torture, and horrible conditions were evident in American slavery until it was abolished centuries later.
In the New England colonies the soil grade was very poor and couldn’t be used to produce crops ( of much value) as the soil in the south. New England colonies turned to fishing, shipbuilding and whaling in efforts to save their economy The New England colonies manufactured and exported rum and other goods in exchange for African slaves from Africa. These slaves would come to America and work on the plantation fields in the south. About 10 million or more slaves were taken during the triangle trade and became apart of the southern ethnic count. The south also had European, Spanish and French.
Atlantic Slave Trade Erika Sato Word Count: 1386 The Atlantic Slave Trade also known as Transatlantic Slave Trade is the trade of African American people from Western Africa. African Americans practiced slavery among their own people as a punishment either from criminal actives, war captives, or to settle debt.
Portugal had control of the slave trade, something that made them very rich and which they utilized in Brazil. The Portuguese used slavery by Bandeirantes, forcing African men to work in sugar plantations in Brazil. Slavery brought the production of commodity to use in trade and as a result capital into the pockets of Spain and Portugal adding to their empires in the new