Uncompromising differences between the South (Confederacy) and the North (Union) created a civil war that lasted five years. During this war, Abraham Lincoln was president. His election led to the secession of many Southern states. After refusing to recognize the Confederacy as its own nation, the American Civil War commenced in 1861. The three main causes of the Civil War between the North and the South were industrial and agricultural economies, politics, and slavery.
The South’s economy was built on agriculture, the soil that they used played a key part because they were able to grow lots of food and cotton. I know this because in Discovering Our Past: The American Journey, the text explains, “Why was there little industry in the South? One reason was because of the boom in cotton sales. Because agriculture was so profitable, Southerners remained committed to farming rather than starting new businesses.” This is a key difference between the North and the South.
The North had many advantages. They beat the South in population they could draw soldiers from. The North had 22 million citizens where the South only had 5.5 million citizens. The North could transport supplies and people faster because of their roads, canals, and railroads. However the South disconnected from itself with barely any railroads and hard to move soldiers and goods from place to place.
The North had a significantly larger population, caused by both the surge in immigrants at the time, as well as the success of business and factories there, creating more jobs. This difference in population meant that the North did not need slavery, and that it supported government ideas that helped business. According to the Congressional Record, in New England and the Middle States, the majority of House votes were cast for the Tariff of 1816, while the majority of the South’s House votes were cast against the tariff (Document 7). These states were clearly in favor of business, while the South who relies on imports and exports, was wholly against it. Because factory jobs were in the North, railroads and steamboats were in vastly more demand in the North than they were in the South, increasing the speed at which a business could move its product, an essential for
Railroads became more widespread in the United States after economic damages caused by the Civil War. The Civil War was caused by the secession of the Southern States due to controversies over allowing slavery in the United States. The North did not want slavery while the South depended on inexpensive slave labor for its agrarian society. As a result of the Civil War, the South’s economy was crippled since it could no longer depend solely on cotton as a result of slavery being outlawed in the 13th Amendment. As a result of the crippled economy, the South needed to be “reconstructed” meaning that it had to diversify its economy beyond agriculture.
The southern states did not develop a strong manufacturing economy. Most manufactured goods were made in the northern states or in Britain or France. The southern states imported tools, supplies, implements, shoes, clothing. A more controversial portion of the picture is the money.
The Civil War is characterized as the bloodiest war in American History. From 1861 to 1865, the North and South fought over several of disagreements and encounters. The Civil War caused hundreds and thousands of men to lose their life, about 620,000 soldiers had died. The Civil War was fought in Pennsylvania, Texas, New Mexico, and Florida. Civil War began because the North wanted to abolish slavery, the South seceded from the Union, and the North overpowered the South.
In the south there were slaves and in the north there were immigrants who worked. Document four says that the only thing northern soil favored was small farm stands rather than large plantations. This lead to the larger economy in the North. Document three shows us how the industries transported
The South only had 9,000 miles compared to the 20,000 miles of the North. Historically, the railroads' importance is monumental. Having emerged along industrialization the railroad allowed not only economic growth by empowering the trading of goods at high speed across the land but also the mobilization of armies, meaning they were also advantageous during times of war. It's worth mentioning the Union also had five times the factories that the Confederacy had. This numeric advantage helped facilitate the production of the needed good and ultimately factored into the defeat of a Confederacy that just couldn't keep up with their opponents means of
It touched the lives of thousands of Americans and helped bring homesteaders out West and to the Plains to settle. It made moving from rural areas to cities much easier. The railroads were used for shipping and commerce. They helped bring large
With every new age, advancements are made and problems arise as people adapt. The industrial revolution had many impacts on society as social reform movements began to gain momentum, slavery was being dealt with, expansionism brought up new ways of life, but the tension between the North and the South were also increased. From 1800 to 1860 new inventions improved life, but the differences between populations necessities simply kindled the fire that was already burning due to slavery. The travel system, factories, and overall wealth are a couple of ways industrial development factored in the relationship between the North and the South. At the start of America, horses, wagons, and feet were great ways to travel, as people explored more
The economy of the South was very slow because of the waiting for crops to grow, but the slave trade was the second best part of the economy. It was a dangerous trade because of kidnapping and buying a free slave. The economy for the North is the opposite of the South. Their main part was trade and industry. From chapter 8, it states, “people left their homes and farms to work in the mills and earn wages.”
⦁ They led to the creation of hundreds of thousands of new towns/cities ⦁ They expanded existing United States territories and increased the number of states in the country. ⦁ They led to a surge in capital, enhanced trade, and boosted travelling rates. ⦁ They lowered the cost of transportation. ⦁ Railroads helped increase the population by extended the routes of trains, which
The Union had more railroad lines and they had the telegraph system. The telegraph system was a huge advantage for the Union because they could now send messages thousands of miles away in less than a minute. President Abraham Lincoln could now command the Union’s generals in the safety of his own office. The railroad lines gave the Union a big advantage because they could transport resources faster than the Confederate