One of the most controversial events from World War II (WWII) was the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On August 6, 1945, America dropped the world’s first atomic bomb, code name “Little Boy, over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The explosion resulted in over 90,000 deaths. August 9th, 1945, a second bomb was dropped, code name “Fat Man”, on Nagasaki, instantly killing an estimated 70,000 people. On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor. “It is an awful responsibility that has
In 1939, the scientific community, specifically German physicists had learned the secrets of splitting a uranium atom (The Manhattan Project” 2015). America realized that Adolf Hitler’s Germany obtained a massive amount of scientific talent. With their access had necessary raw materials and knowledge of the splitting of the uranium atom, they had the industrial capacity to produce an atomic bomb(“Manhattan Project”2014). The atomic bomb would eventually become the turning point of weaponry during World War II. On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein about the splitting of the uranium atom which could be beneficial in developing weapons for America during World War II. The Manhattan Project was constructed during World War II by the United States to develop the first nuclear weapon/atomic bomb (The Manhattan Project” 2015).
An event which resulted in the change of relations between the USSR and Western Allies between 1945 and 1949 was the bombing of the cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the US, using the first ever atom bomb. The United States and the Soviets were considered to be the most prominent superpowers in the world as of the time; both were extremely wealthy, and most importantly, both had great military capacity and were in competition with each other to gain the upper hand in that field. So, inevitably, when President Truman of the US took the leader of Russia, Joseph Stalin, aside to inform him that they had gained nuclear capacity and that they were planning to utilise it against the Japanese just under two weeks before proceeding to do so on the 6th
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction.
In 1942, Julius Robert Oppenheimer started to work on the Manhattan Project, where he became most commonly known as the father of the atomic bomb, because he was the director of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was the United States building an atomic bomb during the WWII. On July 16, 1945, the first nuclear bomb was exploded with the power of eighteen thousand tons of TNT in the New Mexico desert . After the first bomb was made, two more were dropped into Japan to help end the war. The two bombs that were dropped in Japan were called Little Boy and Fat Man.
The USSR is an ever growing threat to world peace. After the war, they may simply replace Nazi Germany as the new tyrannical power in the world. This bomb, however, would dissuade them. President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb was a necessary evil.
World War II began on September 1 of 1939 when Germany assaulted Poland. By 1941, the Germans were ahead in the race for the nuclear bomb. They had a substantial water plant, high- uranium mixes, skilled researchers and engineers, and the best concoction building industry on the planet. Indeed, even before its entrance into the war, the United States had turned out to be exceptionally worried with the atomic danger of the Axis powers.
The two countries became gridlocked, neither one wanting to use nuclear weapons, but both holding them pointed directly at one another. This paranoia led to the creation of propaganda films and “instructional videos” on how to survive a nuclear blast (the most memorable being the “duck and cover” public service announcement. It is important to note that ducking and covering will not allow one to survive a nuclear blast). Espionage became commonplace and a common fear in U.S. as well as Russia, one such case being the well-known Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were executed for suspected conspiracy with the KGB. Later, the physics community was torn on whether or not it was ethical to build a hydrogen bomb, which would turn out to be even more devastating than the effects of the atomic
On the first day of November in 1952, president Harry S. Truman tested the very first H-bomb on a remote island located in the Pacific Ocean. Common people were not supposed to know, but the information about the detonation were released more than 14 days later. After the atomic bombs were dropped in Japan, our government did not continue the idea of the creation of the hydrogen bomb until the Soviet Union was able to successfully explode their atomic bomb in 1949. President Truman demanded the invention of the hydrogen bomb (1).
“In 1994, the Soviets tested an atom bomb of their own.” (History.com Staff, "Cold War History"). This act caused President Truman to spend more money on the army and defense of the United States and panic and hysteria spread to the minds of the people of our country. “...and the world lived under the threat of thermonuclear war for the first time.” (History.com Staff, "Soviets explode atomic bomb").
On August 6, 1945, the first of two atomic bombs was dropped on Japan, sparking the start of what is now known as the Cold War. Two large military powers, the Soviet communists and the United States of America, pitted their wits and defense against each other, using any means necessary to find cracks in the others’ defenses. Three days later, the second atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, which shook the world with its deafening death toll. The world immediately took up arms in the following years, sparking some of the most controversial years in history. Suspicion turned brothers against sisters, neighbors against neighbors, and caused many lives to be ruined.
As Marcus Aurelius once said, “Time is a sort of river of passing events, and strong is its current; no sooner is a thing brought to sight than it is swept by and another takes its place, and this too will be swept away”. Time passes by swiftly and soon events, names, and struggles get lost in the depths of history. History becomes a vast pit of several conglomerated dates that soon lack importance or gain importance depending on the present time period. The history of the United States started roughly around 1607 when several pilgrims came to the New World for better opportunities. Now zoom 410 years to present day where our world consists of massive industrialization, expansion of technology, and intricate international affairs. Several events within this time period pass like a river, each event being replaced by another as well as its significance continuing to decrease.
The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the most important and scary event that happened in the 1960’s. There were many people from the Soviet, Cuba, and the U.S. that were involved in this event. Mostly people involved in government or military. The threat made many people panic.
Firstly, the four years long war and the Japanese military who refused to surrender but there was an indication of conditional surrender. Regardless of the surrender, plane named Enola Gay dropped atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima where 70,000 Japanese people vaporized on August 6th,1945. In the meantime, Soviet Union (currently known as Russia) declared war against Japan after two days later. On August 9th, 1945, second atomic bomb released on Nagasaki which took away life of almost 80,000 peoples and created disaster for many decades. Then, on August 14th,1945, the Japanese