Impacts of the Flu Vaccination Do you get your yearly flu shot? Well you may want to after knowing that the flu kills more Americans than any other vaccine preventable disease. It’s a virus mostly caused by influenza A and B, but can be spread through people, animals, and objects. Ever since the invention of the flu vaccine, only 5-20% of Americans catch the flu every year, way less than before it was invented when 40 million people were dying from it. That’s why the flu vaccination is such an important biological discovery and has had a positive social and economic impact on America.
In the past century, the world was alarmed by influenza viruses that killed hundreds of thousands. The virus is extremely dangerous due to the fact that it transmits easily through food, air, water or by the contact of skin. The most recent flu pandemic occurred is in 2009 which is known as swine flu H1N1. The term “flu pandemic” can be defined as epidemic of a type of influenza virus that spreads seasonally in an enormous scale around the world. The emergence of problems to a country to brace the consequences of the infectious disease is frightful and need to be closely examined.
Smallpox Moosa Mohammed Health Science Technology 3/4/2016 Smallpox Smallpox is a viral and contagious infection that is caused by the Variola Virus. Smallpox is a disease that arose approximately 10,000 years ago in Africa and Southern Asia that spread quickly through the air and eventually spread throughout the whole world. Smallpox is a fatal and dangerous disease that has no cure but does have a vaccination to prevent it.
Butryophenones( eg:-droperidol) and phenothiazines , which block dopamine receptors and exacerbate PD should be avoided. Ondansettron appears safe in preventing and treatment of emesis in patients with PD and is also used in treatment of psychosis induced by long term levodopa therapy. Opioids are more succeptible to produce muscle rigidity in patients with PD. Meperidine should be avoided in a patient taking monoamine oxidase inhibitor becaouse of the potential to produce stupor, rigidity, agitation and hyperthermia. Responses to depolarizing and nondepolarizing muscle relaxants are thought to be normal in PD, despite a single case report of succinylcholine induced
Strains of smallpox should be eliminated and here is why. The resurgence of infectious diseases has been a huge problem in the 21st century. Imagine what the world would look like with the return of one of the globes most brutal disease; A disease like smallpox that could spread so easily through the air. Smallpox had both a high prevalence and incidence rate in the United States and many other parts of the world. Quantitative data and statistics display that about 30 percent of people with smallpox died from the disease and many others developed other problems.
Mild cases usually respond to steroid creams (triamcinolone acetonide), but there is a possibility that eventually the disease will become resistant to steroids. Sunlight in moderate doses can help, because the ultraviolet rays slow down the rate at which epithelial cells are produced. Extremes of UV radiation can have the opposite effect, resulting in an aggravation of the condition. Calcipotriene, a vitamin D analog cream, helps to regulate skin cell production, decreasing the incidence of psoriasis plaques. Tar preparations also act to impede the proliferation of skin cells and have long been used to heal psoriasis lesions.
Summary The global influenza virus is a challenging wicked problem that has been wiping out millions of people for over a hundred years. The virus adapts and mutates the strains, making the flu problematical to eradicate with our current methods. The Wicked Issue The problem with Influenza started in 1918 when the Spanish flu broke out causing the first flu pandemic the world had ever faced.
However, these precautions did not stop the spread of disease. During this epidemic, doctors diagnosed more than 9,000 cases with more than 2,400 deaths. This dreadful disease was known as poliomyelitis and was very prevalent in America during the 19th and early 20th century. Continuous epidemics in the United States, such as the one in New York City, left many people desperate for the answers on how this disease was spread and how to control it. This ultimately led to the creation of Jonas Salk’s inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and the complete eradication
By 1928, Germany, Brazil, and the economies of Southeast Asia were depressed. By early 1929, the economies of Poland, Argentina, and Canada were contracting, and the U.S. economy followed in the middle of 1929. In almost every country of the world, the Great Depression caused drastic declines in output, severe unemployment, and acute deflation. Its social and cultural effects were no less astounding, especially in the United States, where the Great Depression represented the harshest adversity faced by Americans since the Civil War. The Great Depression is often called a “defining moment” in the twentieth-century history of the United States.
Sometimes the smallest things have the biggest impact. What was infinitesimal but so widespread that no part of North America was untouched by it? The devastation of Smallpox in the 1700s played a key role in the outcome of the revolutionary war and also in shaping modern medicine and in how we handle diseases. But these medical advances didn 't come without terrible sacrifice. Nearly 30% of europeans living in the Americas during the epidemic would succumb to smallpox totaling thousands.
The flu is one of the most commonly spread infectious diseases in the United States. Each year, between 5% and 20% of Americans will become infected with the influenza virus ("Seasonal Flu Q&A"). For the majority of those people, the symptoms associated with the flu-- fever, chills, dehydration, body aches, and vomiting-- are non life-threatening and typically only last for a couple of days. However, for people who become infected with the flu virus while being hospitalized for a different reason, the rates of serious flu-related complications are much higher. The most effective way to prevent the spread of the influenza virus is by receiving a yearly flu shot, but disappointingly, most hospitals in the United States do not require employees
The influenza pandemic of 1918, otherwise known as the “Spanish Flu’ was responsible for the deaths of 20 to 40 million individuals, resulting in a higher mortality than World War 1. More specifically, 675,000 Americans died, with the virus infecting close to 25% of the American population. As a result, studies have found the American lifespan during 1918-1919 had lowered 10 years due to the Spanish Flu.^1 The location of origin for the Spanish Flu is widely debated.
Influenza was a deadly virus that killed millions of people around the world back in 1918. The virus of influenza has eight genes with no fix structure, and the segment structure can change the virus fragmentation endlessly. The virus is independent and can replicate rapidly once it gets into your lungs which can the air pathway and the infected person would drown in their own body. People with the virus can spread it by coughing, sneezing, and sometimes people might touch a surface which has the virus on it and touch their mouth or nose without properly washing it. The virus has eight genes.
When the Spanish Flu appeared in Chicago, peaking at 2000 deaths a day, health commissioner John Dill Robertson decided to make some drastic decisions. First, all large gatherings were banned, sporting events; political meetings and banquets were all cancelled. Schools were shut down and parks were closed. Theaters and cabarets were closed as well. Weddings were postponed and funerals were cancelled.