Spain at the time was in a state of “Political Augustinianism”; this meant that religion held a greater priority by the public than politics, and thus presented an opportunity for the monarchy to reunite the 10 separate states of Spain as most of the Spanish population was Christian. The Inquisition itself was a court carried out by priests of the Catholic Church to find members of the Spanish population who were not Catholic and, thus, threatened the “limpieza di sangre” (the purity of Christian blood). However, Inquisitors had had full reign to use any method they saw fit to get information they wanted as they were under the orders by the Spanish Monarchy and not the Pope, meaning it was the monarchy that controlled the Inquisition and not the Catholic Church. The monarchy also used the Inquisition as a form of “symbolic violence” (a term used by Pierre Bourdieu to describe violence being used as a method to make people act and believe what you want them to) to create a population who was obedient and loyal to the monarchy and
They wanted to unite all the domain kingdoms of Spain and make it a dominant world. They united Spain's largest kingdoms and ruled Aragon and Castile together. Their biggest impact in the Spanish society was definitely the Spanish Inquisition. An inquisition is a series of investigations designed to judge and find heretics. Ferdinand and Isabella conquer the Granada from the Moors (Muslims) which gave them the title Catholic Kings in 1492.
The motivating force for Spanish exploration, both on land and overseas, was the spread of Catholicism and the unearthing of natural resources and precious metals such as gold and silver by taking over other empires such as the Aztecs and Incas. The Origins of the Spanish Empire begin with the Reconquista. The Reconquista was a period of about 750 years during which many Christian Kingdoms
In The Requerimiento by Juan López de Palacios Rubios, natives in the new world were told, “We ask that … you acknowledge the Christian church as the ruler and superior of the whole world, and as superiors that you agree to let the Christian priests preach to you … (The Priests) shall not compel you to become Christians unless you yourself wish to be converted. But if you do not do this … we shall forcefully enter into your country and make war against you.” The Spanish conquistadors allowed natives to choose whether or not they wanted to convert to Christianity, However if they did not, then the Spanish turned them into slaves. The True History of the Conquest of New Spain by Bernal Diaz del Castillo openly stated that a reason for Spanish exploration was, “To serve God and his majesty, to give light to those who were in darkness.” The Spanish viewed non-Christians as unintelligent people because they believed in a different God. They felt that converting them would make them smarter and more aware of their purpose. The European views on religion were very ethnocentric.
Modern society in Spain is profoundly impacted by Queen Isabella I and her political achievements. First, Isabella fought to unify Spain as a Catholic country. This action forced Jews to convert to Catholicism or leave and was a tragic action for Spanish Jews. Second, Isabella often encouraged exploration and even sponsored Christopher Columbus. This thoroughly impacted modern society with the start of the Spanish Empire in the Americas.
The Spanish set off to find for people to convert to Catholicism. After finding the Aztecs, the Spanish monarchs believed it was their religious duty to assimilate the Aztecs to catholicism. One of the biggest reasons
The main issue addressed is how the Inquisition survived for over six centuries in different forms and different contexts. He tries to understand its position relative to other political powers and the intricate power-dynamics it was subject to. More than anything, Bethencourt is interested in the effects the Inquisition had on the different value systems and social configurations of Italy and Iberia and its colonies. The author argues and concludes that it was the flexibility of the Inquisition, on a political, social and cultural level, that ascertained its long existence but also eventually led to its downfall. The social groups and ideas it tried to repress eventually went from vanquished to victor as it was the change in value systems in Europe, values of religious toleration and equal justice for all citizens, which brought forth the abolition of the tribunals.
While the reactions of hostility and awe demonstrate that Christianity is God’s chosen religion, and that Islamic people are the enemy, their criticisms of Christians’ sins are correct. Christendom’s punishment for this is the loss of the Holy Land, but these mistakes are reversible and destined to occur. The ultimate insight from Mandeville’s description of the Islamic kingsdoms is that Europeans believed their continent to be a shining light of good surrounded by darkness and violence. However, rather than retreat from the outside, Europeans praised the courageous explorers who ventured out of the safety of Christendom to grow the kingdom of Christ. Mandeville’s message of Islam’s flaws and criticisms are, like most medieval literature, ultimately optimistic.
After Edmond Dantes was falsely imprisoned, his thirst for vengeance against those that conspired to put him in jail caused him to become the cold and ruthless Count of Monte Cristo. “But if these envious people are among my friends, I’d rather not know who they are, because then I’d be forced to hate them,” (Dumas 26). Three ‘friends’ framed Dantes. Danglars, who was the purser of the Pharaon, wanted to become captain. Dantes was going to get
The Bourbon reforms that restricted Creole control and the influential Catholic Church, inter alia, sparked the conflict and incentivized revolt. Civilians fought the war using Guerilla tactics successfully and Roman Catholic priests such as Father Hidalgo and later Father Morelos led the movement using their influence over the Mexican people. The cost of independence was high for Mexico and much of their industry was heavily damaged, especially their mining and agricul-tural industry. The political and economic instability that followed war made it difficult to have consistent leaders and policies that benefit Mexican