In Noviembre 6 y 7, Doris Salcedo portrayed a violent event in Colombian history; an attack on the Palace of Justice by M-19 guerrilla forces and counter-attack by the government which lasted 2 days and produced more than 100 deaths. Salcedo developed the piece in 2002, on the 17th anniversary of the event (Sanchez 82) in order to get the public to remember the tragedy. The piece consists on hundreds of chairs, slowly being lowered down from the new Palace of Justice’s roof. Moreover, the large number of chairs hanging from the building’s façade conveys the scale of the massacre that had occurred 17 years earlier (Mengham 10). As can be seen in Images 5 and 6, the chairs, cluttered together, provide a sense of disarray and confusion, which illustrates the general chaotic atmosphere present during the initial siege.
In Leo R. Chavez’s ethnography, The Latino Threat: Constructing Immigrants, Citizens, and the Nation, the claimed problem of Latino immigration, specifically Mexicans, is tackled using interviews, statistics, and other works of literature. Chavez’s ethnography not only discusses Latino immigration but Latino invasion, integration, organ transplants and even Latina fertilization. One of Chavez’s big topics is on how the media influences the public to believe that Latinos are planning an invasion or take-over in order to gain the land that was originally Mexico’s. The topic of Latina reproduction and fertilization comes up multiple times through Chavez’s ethnography. Another main topic that plays a part in Chavez’s argument is the Latino role in public marches and the citizenship aspect of their actions.
Part B: Examine the consequences of the conflict on individuals, groups and countries either directly or indirectly affected by the conflict There are many impacts and consequences of the criminal violence in Mexico upon the civilians experiencing it, the criminal groups causing it and the countries trying to stop it. Criminal violence damages the psychological, economical and social areas of life for Mexican citizens and various other countries involved. The individuals, due to the nature of the conflict, experience most of the consequences of criminal violence. The results of research (based on a sample of 333 people from 15 of Mexico’s 32 states, part of a study done by Mauricio Meschoulam) showed that 51 percent of the people surveyed said violence affected their work life, 72 percent their social life and 58 percent their family life. Furthermore 42 percent said that violence had an impact on their economic status
In the novel Insurgent Mexico, John Reed travels south of the border to experience the Mexican Revolution first hand while traveling in the year 1914. Reed was a journalist writing for Metropolitan and was ordered to bring back his work to publish in the United States. During this time Reed travelled to many places and met all different types of people from war generals, to peones, to Indians and many others. Reed has described his time in Mexico as the “most satisfactory period” in his life (Publisher’s Note), and it can be reflected through the stories he shares in Insurgent Mexico about his traveling companions and his experiences. Some moments were very serious, and at times even dangerous, while others were light hearted and amusing for
Chapter 3: The Conflict in Colombia In order to comprehend the dynamics of civil-military relations in Colombia, it is necessary to first understand the roots and developments of the ongoing conflict in the country. Throughout its history, violence and politics have evolved dangerously close in Colombia. Nevertheless, Colombia, with its longstanding democratic tradition, is often considered a rare exception within Latin America.
In American history, social equality developments have assumed a noteworthy part for some ethnics in the United States and have shape American culture to what it is today. The effect of social liberties developments is huge and to a degree, they finish the targets that the gatherings of individuals set out to accomplish. The Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement, all the more generally known as the Chicano Movement or El Movimiento, was one of the numerous developments in the United States that set out to acquire fairness for Mexican-Americans (Herrera). At to start with, the development had a frail begin however inevitably the development picked up energy around the 1960's (Herrera). Mexican-Americans, otherwise called Chicanos, started to
In The Latino Threat: Constructing Immigrants, Citizens, and the Nation, Leo R. Chavez analyzes the historical forces that have shaped the current perceptions of Latinos in the United States. He focuses on the role of the media in constructing a “Latino threat narrative” through their depiction of immigrants as threatening the rights of American citizens. This negative impression has brought into question the degree to which whites view Latinos as belonging in the United States and has caused Latinos themselves to feel a disconnect from their new home. Part One lays out the common stereotypes of Latinos and then seeks to disprove them in order to dispel the idea of a “Latino threat”. The media has a history of portraying Latino immigration as a force that is conquering the United States through the invasion of the Southwest.
For hundreds of years, the people of Central and South America have been facing oppression. The oppression has been from both internal and external factors, including outside empires and internal authoritarian regimes. One central factor in response to such oppression has been the way in which the people resist. There are a countless number of examples in which the people took it upon themselves to resist the imposing power and restrictions that were put in place.
In the 20th century Mexico many different revolutions, corruption, and, political leaders took part in molding the country into a commercial and economic developed country. A big change Mexico went through was the Mexican revolution and how it sat the bar for Mexican politics for the future. Mexico disregarded their government and forged their own path with drugs, civil unrest and distrust with the people. In the 20th century, Mexico has undergone a metamorphosis in its economy, political, and social landscapes.
Let’s take a trip down memory lane. What we’re going to see is violence. Violence has been around forever. There was violence in World War 1. There was violence in the Revolutionary War.
Voces Inocentes shares the lifestory of a young boy named Chava who lived through the Salvadoran Civil War. Chava was only 11 year old and lived with his mom and his two siblings. His father left to the US for a better life and never returned to El Salvador. Every night, Chava and his family had to hide under their beds due to the warfare that was occurring outside of their home. They were forced to see dead bodies every morning, sometimes from people they cared about.