The Black Death was a pandemic of plague that swept through Europe during the years of 1346-1353 (Benedictow). The plague is a disease that is caused by a bacteria called Yersinia pestis. This bacteria commonly infects rats and other rodents and is most often transmitted to humans by fleas that feed on the infected rats and then feed on humans (CDC). Rats are common, unwanted companions in large urban areas and more importantly, on ships. There are conflicting theories on where the plague that caused the Black Death pandemic originated from, but most agree on the location where the plague first started its journey to Europe.
The Black Death was a plague that affected Europe between 1347 and 1351. It is said that the plague was caused by a bacteria called Yersinia pestis. The plague was created in the inner part of Asia and China, the plague got to the Europeans in 1347 when a Kipchak army overwhelmed a trading post in Crimea. The disease spread from the Mediterranean ports, then affecting Sicily, North Africa, Italy, Spain, England, France, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Germany, Scandinavia and the Baltic lands. It is said that the plague went to Europe many times and that it got into Europe from trade routes in waves from Asia, it came in the waves because the climate instability affected the population of rodents that were infected with the fleas that carried the plague.
Why did the Black Death kill so many people in the 14th century? The plague was the most devastating disease in world history. There were three types of the Plague which included the bubonic, septicaemic and the pneumonic plague. Fleas living on rats that came from Asia on a trade ship spread the bubonic plague, the septicaemic plague is created by the entrance of bacteria from their multiplying place into the blood vessels. There are two different forms of pneumonic pest.
Change in European Understanding of Plague in the 1348 versus 1352 Known as the “Black Death,” one of the most devastating plague pandemic wiped out approximately 30 to 60 percent of the European population, peaking in between 1348 and 1350 . It caused massive religious, social, and economic, upheaval in the European society causing great changes in the European culture and lifestyle1. Finally, when after three and a half years the first wave passed in 1351, it spared few regions causing devastation in towns, rural communities, families, and religious institutions . The plague was reportedly first introduced to Europe via the ports of Caffa and Sicily in 1347, when several Italian merchant ships returned from a trip to the Black Sea, one of the key links in trade with China . The disease was spread by the vector Rattus rattus and transmitted to people by the fleas.
In 1347, rats on ships brought fleas infected with the bacillus that caused the Bubonic Plague, or Black Death. Within four years, between 1347 and 1351, the Death had spread across much of Europe. Between 25 and 50 percent of the population of Europe died of the disease. The Plague led to fanatical religious practices such as flagellation, when people whipped themselves to atone for the sins they believed had caused the disease. Wealthy and powerful people fled to country.
The Black Death, also known as the Plague, was caused by an epidemic of the bacterium called “Yersinia Pestis”. The pandemic struck Europe in the late-1340s and wiped out nearly a third of Europe’s population. However, this tragedy also transformed European society positively because it created an opportunity for economic benefits and the growth of Humanism. According to the scholars, “the Black Death first took place in Mongolia in the late 1320s and spread to China and other parts of the Asia.”1 The pandemic reached Florence, Italy in spring of 1348 through the Mediterranean Sea while the European were traveling and expanding trade to exchange goods with Asia2. The source of Plague was unknown at the time; however, several years later,
The Black Death was a pandemic that affected a large part of the world in the 1346–1353 that was spread by the fleas on rats and i 'll be answering various of questions about the Black Death. How did the Black Death affect a large part of the world, well it spread by the fleas on the black rats it got to the people is by bacteria the of the fleas infecting the black rats and it got to people and made them really sick. It made people sick by killing the tissue and turning the dead tissue under the skin black with the persons who had the Black Death died within the couple days after they got the black death. How could have the Black Death could 've been prevented, well it could have been prevented by washing your hands like having good
The Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was one of if not most significant plagues of all time. The illness took an enormous toll on multiple continents, infecting the rich, the poor, and everyone in between. Europe, in particular, sustained a loss of up to one-third of its population (DeSantis, 2015). The outbreak was spread by parasites, which caused complications for both lifestyle, economy, and commerce throughout Europe. The parasite that carried the illness was brought to Europe when traders came to exchange their good with Europeans.
The Bubonic Plague (Black Death) came to the eastern Mediterranean along the shipping routs. It reached Italy in spring of 1348. By the time the disease spread between 25% and 50% of Europes population had died (document 1, (Source: EyeWitnesstoHistory.com) the Bubonic Plague was spread because in this time there was not any place to put garbage and wast products like we have today, so they would just leave the trash/wast anywhere and everywhere and the result of this would bring rats and many other animals, and with these animals they had fleas and eventually the fleas would get to the people and the humans would get sick and spread it to everyone. Some symptoms of the Bubonic Plague were large swelling lumps which they called "buboes" sizing
During the thirteenth century, a disease known as the Black Death spread from Asia to Europe at an alarming speed. It travelled through the trade routes, in the form of infected fleas carried from town to town on rats causing catastrophic loses of population . The Black Death consisted of two forms of the disease; the pneumonic plague, and the bubonic plague . Since it was unknown as to what caused the disease at the time, their responses to the plague’s outbreak were almost entirely futile. Since religion was a big factor in nearly everybody’s lives, the records of the Black Death that we do have are heavily influenced by religion, and as such, their views strongly swayed things like treatments and medicine that were used against the plague.
The particular weapon or better yet biological microorganism that I have chosen to outline this week is that of a particularly nasty strain of disease which has wiped out an unknown multitude of people throughout history. This infectious disease, known as the genus Orthopoxvirus, from the the family Poxviridae and subfamily of chordopoxvirinae, is potentially believed to have laid to waste whole civilizations of people. It also goes by the name “Red Plague”, or in more common parlance, “The Smallpox Virus.” Historically, this virus made its way to Europe sometime between the 5th and 7th centuries. According to Reidel (2005), “It was frequently epidemic during the Middle Ages. Smallpox continued to be a problem throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, affecting populations on a large scale.” It was one of the primary annihilator’s of the native indigenous population of the Americas during the first arrivals of the Europeans who brought it with them.
Despite starting in Messina, the Black Death had just as bad of an impact there as it did in places like England and France. Those who fell victim to the fatal disease were said to die within a day. However, despite how the Black Death originated from the East, the early symptoms were different in Europe. Where Eastern victims would get horrible nose bleeds, Western victims would start to get swollen bumps - normally referred to as tumors - on their skin in the groin or armpit region, growing up to the size of apples or eggs. They would then spread throughout the body of the victim and die.
The Black Plague is known to be one of the most deadly pandemics in history, estimated to have killed 30-60% of Europe’s population in the series of outbreaks between the 14th and 18th centuries. The devastation of the plague was made much worse by the incomprehension of those affected by it. Y. Pestis, the bacteria which causes plague, was spread by infected hosts, including rats and fleas. However, the sparse knowledge of science and medicine led Europeans to blame other sources for the debilitating disease. Some believed the plague was the wrath of God, punishing the guilty for their sins.
In the history of Europe, the Black Death or the Great Mortality has always been one of the most significant and destructive natural disaster, it was so pernicious that it had killed about 25% to 50% of the population in only four years. Most people in Europe did not have the resistance to the plague because it was originated in Asia, the trades between Asia and Europe carried flea-infested rats, as a result, disease like bubonic plague was brought to Europe for the first time. Due to the trades, the plague spread all over Europe very quickly in the mid-fourteenth century. The Black Death was momentous not only because of its significantly high death rate, but also for its impact on European society, economy, and politics. Once the plague broke out and shown its threat, people in the society began living for the moment, some threw themselves with unrestraint into sexual and alcoholic binge, while the wealthy and powerful people fled to their country estate trying to evade the plague.
The Black Death, the most severe epidemic in human history, ravaged Europe from 1347-1351. This plague killed entire families at a time and destroyed at least 1,000 villages. Greatly contributing to the Crisis of the Fourteenth Century, the Black Death had many effects beyond its immediate symptoms. Not only did the Black Death take a devastating toll on human life, but it also played a major role in shaping European life in the years following. In this essay it finds that the Black Death epidemic lead to the collapse of the family structure in Italy particularly with children succumbing to the disease, gender inequality with women, and a misunderstanding of the biology of the disease.