Once in America, the British fought many wars, including the French and Indian War in 1754, which left Britain in great debt. It was only fair to tax the colonies because the war was fought on American soil. It was only for the American freedom and to exile the French, but the Colonists took this the wrong way and declared the separation between them and the British Parliament. The Colonists should have never wanted independence from Great Britain, because in reality, Britain was providing freedom. “All they asked for was loyalty and money for debt due to the war’ (Gregg 1).
The first tax that Britain passed was the Sugar Act of 1764, this tax was on sugar goods and after a lot of unrest Parliament finally lowered the price of the tax and the colonists were satisfied. However, a year later the colonists were thrown in another fit after the Stamp Act was passed. The Stamp Act was different from the Sugar Act as the colonists would have to pay it directly and in addition to every purchase of paper they made. The colonists almost erupted in complete rebellion over the law, however Parliament repealed the law.
Their main argument was that the colonies should be in charge of taxing themselves. While the Stamp Act Congress peacefully tried to negotiate the repeal of the Stamp Act, the colonists took matters into their own hands. Many colonists joined by boycotting British goods, however, some took a much more violent approach. Colonists formed secret societies protesting British rule, most famously the Sons Of Liberty who called for American independence. These groups attacked in mobs by violently parading through the streets, burning British paper, ransacking some British custom official’s homes, and even tarring and feathering some of the custom officials.
The Americans faced taxes such as the Sugar Act, Stamp Act and Townshend Act due to Britain having to make up for the money they had lost to war. The people of America essentially felt that Britain was being unreasonable “for imposing taxes on us without our consent”. The taxes were passed by Parliament in which there were no American representation. This lead to Americans protesting the taxes that lacked representation and the Virginia House of Burgess stating that "the taxation of the people by themselves, or by persons chosen by themselves to represent them... is the only security against a burdensome taxation, and [is] the distinguishing characteristic of British freedom". The Stamp Act caused Americans to protest and refuse to buy or import British goods.
The people of Great Britain were already being taxed heavily, while the colonists had the lightest taxes of the entire British Empire. After the King’s first failed attempt at separating the colonists and American Indians during the Proclamation of 1763, he needed money to pay for the 7,500 soldiers he put on their new territory to keep peace between the colonists and the American Indians. Word of the new act reached the colonists in April 1765 and the protests continued throughout the year. Despite the colonists’ protests, the Stamp Act was approved on March 22, 1765. Then on November 1, 1765 the Stamp Act took effect.
America declared war on Britain in 1812 largely because of Britain’s practice of impressment. Although America chose to stay sovereign during Britain’s war with France, the British still kidnapped thousands of American sailors and forced them to work for the Royal Navy. Working for the Royal Navy was difficult work and some men died or were even killed during their service. Although impressment might’ve been practiced for centuries in Britain and they
This treaty allowed the United States and Great Britain to trade in the middle of the French Revolutionary War, thus, angering France, which lead them to attack American ships. Three Diplomats were then sent to France to negotiate with three agents but the agents only tried to bribe the diplomats. However, the diplomats would not except the bribe. Congress wanted war but President Adams did not want war, instead, he wanted to expand the military. Congress stopped trading with France and any alliance they had with them and tripled the size of the army.
After the rebellion was squashed, many americans were alarmed that a mob of farmers were able to take over the Massachusetts government - even for a short time. The “commotions sufficiently shocked (George) Washington to set him on the road to Philadelphia” (Larson, 236 ) to rewrite the Articles of confederation and to make a new constitution. During the constitutional convention, the authors of the document gave lots of power to the central government to prevent another mob from taking over a government again. Because of the constitution, the federal government also received the power to tax all the states and pass laws that could hurt farmers (“Article I:”). This shows that Daniel Shays rebellion was unsuccessful because it went against the goals of the rebellion of getting taxed less and having having pro debtor laws.
Adams successfully exploited the political and economic unrest in the colonies and raised opposition throughout Massachusetts towards the Stamp Act. Adams used many forms of opposition in the colonies, including creating committees to oppose the attempt of Parliament to establish taxes on the colonies, but his main form of protest was through nonimportation agreements. By creating a list of violators of the nonimportation agreements, Adams encouraged punishments of violators and therefore united the colonies in their effort. It was one of the first protests of taxation without representation in the colonies, and it showed the colonists that rebellion was possible with a strong
This was supposed to ease the tax restraints, but in the end, it created more taxes and conflict. The conflict began once the colonists first heard of the Stamp Act being passed by Parliament on March 22, 1765. The Stamp Act was to pay for stationing British soldiers in America to protect them and to pay off Great Britain 's debt after the seven years war. The minute news of the Stamp Act reached the colonies it was denounced with colonists crying “no
The Parliament passes the Tea Act in 1773. From then on the course of history will have many more down hills throughout the years. Some background information is that the colonist were mad at the government and at england because they were putting taxes on the people out there conscient the colonist didn’t want anything to do with England so they boycott the shipping orders coming in and had The Daughters of Liberty make clothing for them. The Tea Act cause the colonists to be mad at England and ultimately lead to their showing of anger in the Boston Tea party, both events impacted the American Revolution. The Tea Acts passed by Parliament started the colonists down the path of anger.
In the mid to late 1700s England’s period of little involvement with the American colonies came to an end. When the British came over to fight, and eventually win, for the Americas they finally saw how much had developed. The British victory over the French in North America inevitably led to the American Revolution because it caused massive debt for England, and it ended the Era of Salutatory Effect for the colonists The British involvement in the French and Indian war ended up putting them in severe debt. Wars are expensive endeavors, the country must provide soldiers with food, clothing, weapons, transportation, payment for their services, and compensate families for losses. During the French and Indian war, also known by England as the
They use to treat parliament and queen of England with full respect. Things begin to change around 1760s, when British parliament passed series of laws without the consultation of American people. The one such law in this series was Stamp act. The Stamp act was passed in 1765. Americans found this tax to be unconstitutional and disturbing because they believed that no freeman could be forced to pay the tax without his permission.
One time the British passed a law that allowed the british soldiers to forcefully live in the colonists’ home! The colonies started out to benefit Great Britain, but after one war and lots of laws, the colonies were going to be part of a revolution. What was the American Revolution about? Economic Rights or Civil Liberties? On one hand the British instilled unfair regulations on trade and goods.