The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt to take place in the colonies. About 20 whites and 40 slaves were killed, after about 100 slaves decided to run away to St. Augustine to acquire freedom. The Spanish in St.Augustine had offered freedom to any slave that came to them, and the slaves were also free to follow their own religion there. The promise of freedom was not the only reason why the slaves wanted to escape from British rule. A boom in the production of rice had caused for the amount of slaves in South Carolina to increase drastically. Men were put on rice fields to work, which caused conflict. The background of the slaves also held a great deal of importance. The slaves knew how to fight, which would be a problem …show more content…
These different ideas that the people had also contributed to the Stono Rebellion. The men in the fields did not like that they were put into the fields to cultivate crops. Duarte Lopes, a Portuguese Chronicler who was in the Kingdom of Kongo in the sixteenth century, substantiates that men were treated far more differently in the Kingdom of Kongo. Lopes illustrates in his writings that “when the Portuguese arrived on the coast, the Kingdom of Kongo was powerful and expansionist”. Men who came from the Kongo believed that they were much more than slaves who planted rice in the fields. This masculinity had come from the way the men in the Kongo had been treated. Men were soldiers in the Kingdom of Kongo. The image of the Dutch ambassadors bowing to Don Alvarez- the King of Kongo- shows Kongolese men at the side carrying arms. This implies that the Kongolese men must have also had experience in fighting. The slaves in the revolt had swiftly taken guns and gunpowder, and killed everyone who was in the way of the their freedom. Their ability to fight so valiantly hints that they were soldiers in a previous war that had taken place before they had come to South Carolina. The Kongolese men had fought before when the Portuguese had arrived in the Kongo which was why …show more content…
The slaves in South Carolina wanted to follow their own religion, which was Christianity, and the Spanish had offered freedom to any slave who came St. Augustine which included the freedom of religion. The “Account of the Negroe Insurrection in South Carolina” (Document 6) tells us that “Sometime since there was a Proclamation published at Augustine, in which the King of Spain promised Protection and Freedom to all Negroes Slaves that would resort thither.” The slaves would try to escape from South Carolina and go to St. Augustine. The King of Kongo, Don Alvarez, had converted the Kongolese to Christianity. Don Alvarez was not interested in Christianity itself, but the power that came with it. When the slaves were brought to South Carolina, they did not submit to the religion of the Europeans. The slaves wanted to follow their own religion, so the proposal that the Spanish made was pleasing to them. The slaves wanted their people to worship as they liked, so they wanted to flee to St. Augustine. The slaves decided to revolt for the betterment of everyone in the future. The slave revolt leaders’ great great grandson depicts that “Cato take a darin’ chance to losin’ his life, not so much for his own benefit as it was to help others”. The slave revolt happened so that people in the future did not have to suffer like they were at the moment. The Stono Rebellion
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Slaves were the foundation of the Southern regions economy, therefore slaves would resist in subtle ways to avoid punishment and to fight against their economic exploitation. To minimize production slave would fake illnesses and brake tools. In other cases, blacks would runaway to other plantations to see loved ones, but would come back.it wasn’t until 1831 Nat Turner devised the most violent rebellion, a vision he had “of a battle between ‘white spirits and black spirits’ that would commence when the ‘sun darkened’” (Keene). Whites portrayed his rebellion to the public as “unsympathetically” and that their goal was to “attack defenseless woman and children, however Turner promoted his vision claiming he was given a “divine sign that the time for
This rebellion occurred on the Stono River and was given the name The Stono Rebellion. A slave, by the named Jemmy, led twenty other slaves in revolt in an effort to show slave owners the Africans desire for freedom. This revolt could not have been planned at any better time because at this point in history the colonist had an outbreak of yellow-fever as well as the war between England and Spain had reach the land of South Carolina. Of these twenty fighting slaves many were soldiers from their previous home in Africa, the village of Angola. Slaves were often trained to use weapons for fighting when they were capture and sold by white colonist.
In the fall of 1739, around twenty enslaved Africans gathered near the Stono River in South Carolina and sought out to rebel against slave owners in what would be one of the most important slave revolts in Colonial America. These Africans were said to be from the Kongo, who may have also been former soldiers. They planned to march and escape to Spanish Florida where the Spanish had issued a proclamation stating that any slave who deserted to St. Augustine would be given freedom and land. The enslaved Kongolese Africans were allegedly led by another slave named “Jemmy” (also referred to as Cato) who gathered a recruitment of more slaves as they headed south. On Sunday, September 9, 1739, they broke into the Hutchinson’s shop and killed the
Between 1840-1876 slavery was a big deal in eastern, southern, and Northern United States as many slave families tried to run north or even farther to Canada. As laws changed in slavery, causing many to argue that slavery was an injustice to all slave families creating an abolitionist movement. Slavery undermines slave families because many argued for and against slave laws to keep slavery going, slave master relationships, slave resistance to slavery. With the United states in a fight about the spread of slavery congress had to come up with a way to prevent the movement of slavery which was the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. This created fear and made many mad about wanting citizens to help recover slaves, Slaves were safe nowhere except Canada.
Alexander Hewatt, the pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Charleston details how the fear and hysteria affected church goers following the revolt. Hewatt begins, “by a law of the province all planters were obliged to carry their arms to church, which at this critical juncture proved a very useful and necessary regulation. The women were left in the church trembling with fear, while the militia, under the command of Bee, marched in quest of the negroes, who by this time had become formidable from the number that joined them.” The pastor highlights the measures taken by the slaveholding class to protect their power and order in response to the rebellion. The pastor refers back to the law from the Negro Act requiring planters to carry their arms to church, illustrating the hysteria from the effects of the rebellion and demonstrating how everyone viewed the Africans as a significant threat, forcing them to take measures to suppress the rebellion and prevent similar uprisings from taking place in the future.
The Stono rebellion was a very popular point of conversation in 1739 following the uprising. This is because many people were shocked at the violence that took place in South Carolina and many were afraid it may happen again. As a result, news of the rebellion was spreading rapidly, and many people of all ethnicities were made aware of the rebellion that took place. When white slave holding families heard of the stories surrounding the rebellion they began to fear new uprisings. However, when African Americans heard of the events that took place during the rebellion they were encouraged by the event and the things it accomplished.
“ I love the pure, peaceable, and impartial Christianity of Christ: I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, woman-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land.” (Douglass 100) Douglass does this to show how hypocritical people in the South were being. Churches were teaching the Christian practice of being kind and compassionate while not actually practicing it themselves. Douglass argues that the actions of some people are against religion.
In this article “African Dimensions Of The Stono Rebellion”, John Thornton a professor of history and African American studies, who wrote about the African slaves in the Americas, and specifically the servants in South Carolina during the early eighteenth century. In his writing, the author describes the personality of Africans and their desire to escape from slavery, going through obstacles on their path to freedom. John Thornton is primarily an Africanist, with a specialty in the history of West Central Africa before 1800. His work has also carried him into the study of the African Diaspora, and from there to the history of the Atlantic Basin as a whole, also in the period before the early nineteenth century. Thornton also serves as a consultant
During the time when Douglass wrote this book, there were several myths which were used to justify slavery. The slaveholder during his time justified this inhuman practice using different arguments. The first argument they used was the religion. From the narrative, Douglass says that slaveholders called themselves Christians which was the dominant religion by then.
The idea behind keeping the slave’s faith in the Lord was that the Lord allows slavery because white people are better than the blacks. Basically, any slave who disobeyed their owner was disobeying the Lord, resulting in an eternity in hell, “To be good children of the Lord, the slaves must beware of Satan who created their cunning wicked master of Hell – for it was Satan who created their desires for freedom and tempted them to run away” (Oates
Africans who were already enslaved saw conversion to Christianity as a road to freedom, and many others who were not already enslaved believed conversion would protect them from becoming
History I needed to know about because slavery did not only scar humans it also scarred lands, the areas that were consider to be plantation still remains marked with the cruelty of the past; forest were cleared to make way for sugar and