The Stranger, The Fall To Franz Kafka's Amerika And The Trial

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Throughout the 20th century, many authors found themselves completing their works with a focus on a newfound philosophy—existentialism. Existentialism is defined as a “…philosophy concerned with finding self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility…” Developed in the 19th century, a variety of authors tackled the concept for its authenticity. From Albert Camus’ The Stranger and The Fall to Franz Kafka’s Amerika and The Trial, the concept of existentialism provided a platform for expanding and deepening the meanings of an author’s works, especially regarding human nature. An author who demonstrated this principle and its complexity was Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges. Known for his works during the…show more content…
Specifically, Borges took on the role of existentialism within the supernatural realm in his 1949 story entitled, “The Aleph.” In the short story, Borges [author] depicts the experience of finding an object called the “Aleph” in his friend Carlos Argentino Daneri’s…show more content…
Prior to witnessing the Aleph, Borges [character] made his decisions in order to retain the memories of his beloved Beatriz. The continuum of her memory caused him to visit his friend Carlos Argentino Daneri, who was related to Beatriz, on a variety of occasions, especially on the anniversary of Beatriz’s birthday. Consequently, after witnessing the Aleph, Borges [character] found himself in a scenario where he cannot remember his lost love, as seen at the end of the quote with, “…I myself am distorting and losing, though the tragic erosion of the years, the features of Beatriz.” (Borges, 286) As an effect, the loss of her memory creates a conflict with existentialism and infinity. Though, instead of affecting the life of Borges [character], the conflict affects his mind. By losing the visions he once had, he no longer has control on his life decisions. Within the basis of existentialism, without one’s life choices, we cannot fully create our future—the dilemma Borges [character] faces as his memory fades. In the last line, Borges [character] conveys the tragedy occurring his mind as he loses his grasp on his choices, “…the tragic erosion of the years…” (Borges, 286) By including this word choice, Borges [author] furthers the importance of existentialism in our future; without our past, our future will become lost and

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