The Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Saudi Arabian Healthcare System

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The Strengths and Weaknesses of The Saudi Arabian Healthcare System
The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is in the Southeastern of Asia. It covers up to four-fifths of the Arab Peninsula (The General Authority for Statistics [GAS] 2015). It shares borders with the Arabian gulf; United Arab of Emirates, and Qatar from the East; Red Sea from the West; Kuwait, Iraq, and Jordan from the North; Yemen and Oman from the South (GAS 2015).
Regarding the demographic characteristic of Saudi Arabia, according to the General Authority for Statistic’s demography survey published in 2016, the total population of Saudi Arabia reaches approximately 32 million (GAS 2016). They are spread over 13 regions, with increased number of people in Makkah, followed with Riyadh the capital, and the rest of the regions. About 25% of the Saudi population are under the age of 15, 72% between 15-64, and only 3% are older than 65 years old (GAS 2016).
Saudi Arabia has oil-based economy. It owns 20% of the world’s total oil (Chronicle 2017). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report of 2014, the Saudi Arabian total expenditure on health was $2,466 per capita, in which $1147 of this total was the public expenditures on health (WHO 2014).
The Saudi Healthcare System was first launched in 1926, with the development of a Health Directorate in Jeddah, and the birth of two private hospitals located in Jeddah and Makkah province. According to (Khaliq 2012), these two hospitals spark the origin of health

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