Research My question for the science fair project is: Does Gender Affect The Stroop Effect? I chose this question after learning what the Stroop Effect was. I thought it was absolutely captivating how the brain, one of the most advanced parts of the body, can be slowed down by something as little as the color of the word. It was fascinating how something so little could cause such a big difference.
The Stroop effect was established by John Ridley Stroop in 1935 and has since become increasingly influential through its replication in published works. This effect illustrates the interference in human perception (Hilbert, Nakagawa, Bindl, & Buhner, 2014) and is a perfect example that describes situations in which task-irrelevant stimuli are hard to ignore. This study aims to investigate whether the fast and automatic processing of the colour denoted by a word will interfere with the ability to identify the font colour of the word. According to Raz, Moreno-Iniguez, Martin and Zhu (2007), Stroop effect is the difference in response time between congruent and incongruent stimuli – increase in time taken to name the font colour when it differs from the colour denoted by the word
Named after John Ridley Stroop, the Stroop Effect demonstrates that people read words more quickly and automatically than they can name colors (De Young). A very common way to test this is to have multiple subjects read a series of colors that are written in a different color ink. For example, if the word is blue, but is written in a green ink, green would be said allowed. If this is the case, then will the subject read the word with the same color ink faster than the words with different colored ink?
OCCIPITAL LOBE: The occipital lobe encompasses the posterior portion of the human cerebral cortex and is primarily responsible for vision. The surface area of the human occipital lobe is approximately 12% of the total surface area of the neocortex of the brain. Direct electrical stimulation of the occipital lobe produces visual sensations. Any damage to the occipital lobe results in complete or partial blindness or visual agnosia depending on the location and severity of the damage.
Intro: Memory is a cognitive process involved in the storage and subsequent retrieval of information. Reconstructive memory, then, refers to the process of using one’s schema, or categorized previous knowledge, to assemble information of an event when a clear/coherent memory of it does not exist. This happens especially with traumatic events, since the victim’s cortisol levels heighten and their emotions are at a peak. Reconstructive memory is reliable to the extent that it can be altered by existing schemas, as proved by Bartlett (1932), Loftus and Palmer (1974), and Neisser and Harsch (1992), however, there are confounding variables such as levels of importance, stress, and the questions asked, all which may enforce one’s remembrance, as
Introduction Well, this paper investigates the harmful effects of drugs to an individual. In particular, the focus of this paper is the impact of drugs on the brain of the user. Research indicates that drugs can have a positive or negative effect on the brain of the user. Nevertheless, the focus of this paper is about the harmful impact of drugs on the brain of the user. While analyzing the detrimental effects of drugs, this research will use alcohol and methamphetamine.
PERCEPTUAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MYOPIC AND NORMAL IN THE RANGE OF PERIPHERAL VISION A Research Paper Presented to The Faculty of English Language Department Makati Science High School Kalayaan Avenue, Cembo, Makati City In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in Academic Discourse Writing III Wynnezel
Creating False Memory by Distractors Memory is important part of cognitive process that provide people to keep data that they encode, store and retrieve (Feldman, 2013). Memory is consist of three parts which are sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory (Feldman, 2013). Short Term Memory (STM) has capacity to keep data for fifteen to twenty five seconds and according to its signification rather than as pure sensory excitation and its hold limit has been detached maximum as seven items and the data through rehearsal could transfer long term memory (rehearsal mean the repetition of data that has come in short term memory) (Feldman, 2013). Long Term Memory (LTM) that hold data on a relatively consistent foundation, in spite
Autobiographical memories Introduction: Autobiographical memories can be described as those events of an individual’s life, that the individual, claims to remember. Also, it can be thought of as events that take place during the course of an individual’s lifetime. Till the 1950s and 1960s, the major area in the field of research was Attention, but a major breakthrough in understanding memory was Miller’s 1956 paper, “The magical number seven, plus or minus two: some limits on our capacity for processing information”. It was because of this paper, that researchers thought of investigating more in the field of memory. Allan Baddeley, in the 1970’s came up with his model of working memory that described the executive function of our memory,
together result in a change in overall corneal shape from the normal prolate (flattening) asphere towards a more spherical VISUAL OUTCOMES OF OVERNIGHT ORTHOKERATOLOGY Results in respect of unaided vision reported from various clinical studies of overnight OK have been significant with a large majority of subjects in recent studies achieving 6/6 or better. In clinical practice potential visual problems arises due to under- or over-correction of myopia or significant residual refractive astigmatism. As seen in the cases of refractive surgery, visual disturbances may arise from a small or decentred central treatment zone, resulting in symptoms such as ghosting and flare and decreased contrast sensitivity, particularly with a dilated pupil under