The Structure Of Ramayana

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Ramayana, one of the most popular Indian epics has always had a string of myths related to its existence and its plot. The original Sanskrit Version ‘Valmiki Ramayana’ is claimed to have been composed by the renowned sage Valmiki between the 4th and the 5th century BCE (before current era). This Hindu text speaks volumes about the roles and duties that must be performed by an individual towards others in the society and lays down a set of ideal characteristics that every individual must posses. The main plot of ‘The Ramayana’ is to portray the victory of good over evil. Ram, the exiled king of Ayodhya is the protagonist of this story and is claimed to be the seventh avatara or incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Ram, as ordered by his jealous stepmother, leaves the palace for fourteen years along with his loyal wife Sita (who is said to be an incarnation of Godess Lakshmi) and brother Lakshman. While in exile, Sita is kidnapped by the Asura king of Lanka, Ravana. The story of Ramayana revolves around the search for Sita by Ram, who is aided by the Vanaras, a clan of monkeys and the battle that ensues between the protagonist (Ram) and antagonist (Ravana). This voluminous epic consists of 24,000 verses and is split into seven books or Kandhas, which divides the life of Ram in a chronological order. Some of the well-known kandhas are: Bala kandha, the book that speaks about the birth and the childhood of Prince Ram, Uttara kandha. Aranya Kandha, on the other hand, describes the

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