The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions In Thomas Kuhn's The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

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SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGY AND CONSCIOUSNESS
SHREY JAIN
AAA0511

THOMAS KUHN’S IDEA OF PARADIGM SHIFT
In his book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn defines paradigm shift as,
A change in the basic assumptions, or paradigms, within the ruling theory of science.
Once a paradigm shift occurs, the prior knowledge known to a scientist is rendered obsolete, and he/she is forced to adapt to the new concepts. As a result of the paradigm shift a change in consciousness of a person is achieved.
Other than groundbreaking scientific discoveries, I believe that paradigm shift can be used to describe anthropological as well as sociological discoveries and changes that have occurred overtime, and are related to the consciousness of human beings. The shift from the belief of Adam and Eve being the first man and woman created by God, to the Darwinian Theory of Evolution, can be described as paradigm altering. This shift altered our consciousness of man, how he came into existence and the evolutionary steps to achieve the present form.
Sociology, is the study of human’s social behavior. As we have already seen, a person’s social behavior is to a great extent dependent on his surroundings. A shift in a person’s consciousness is inevitable when he moves from a rural village to an urban city. Consciousness of a person changes as he now tries to adapt to a new environment, and this shift is paradigm altering.

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