Social instability was a great struggle within Europe. The lack of social strength within the public led the Hundred Years War, by bringing forth the tragic past of the great famine, revolts, violence, and unrest between various individuals that caused a sense of disunity and lack of control. In time, this social turmoil migrated to the monarchs, Philip VI of Gascony and King Edward III and caused disagreements on ideas and personality confrontation, which triggered distress. This social upheaval from past tragedies instigated the need for plunder and territorial gain and the need to follow the rulers. However, the main causes of the outbreak evolved from territorial, successional, and social disputes.
Meanwhile, French armies were sent into Spain to help King Ferdinand suppress the liberal movements while Austria conquered Naples and Piedmont. This constant turmoil further aggravated President Monroe’s worries. Concurrently, Great Britain was actively seeking new, more profitable markets in South America, therefore refraining to offer any help to Spain to regain its
In all of Europe, England was the region that developed institution power. It was this institutional power that enabled kings not to have to be at meetings; the king had administrator function for him. Henry II was the main person who had a part in strengthening and extending the institutions of England. He gained enormous sources of power outside of England also. Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine, after her marriage to Louis VII of France was annulled.
Chapter 10 AFTER RUNNYMEDE When the Magna Carta was sealed, that was not the end of the story. England was still in a civil war because the barons and John were still at odds. This war was not hot and furious, the Charter had provided a framework for peace, but one could not say there was peace in the realm. Also, the French were on the march, and they were in the process of invading England. William Marshal was at John’s side, prepared to stand in defense of the king and the realm against the French.
Which was in Europe during 1347, otherwise known as the Fourteenth Century. People were terrified of it, they separated them and their families from others, and left their family who carried the plague. It was every man for themselves. The symptoms of the most common plague, which is called black death consisted of bigger lymph nodes, headaches, chills, fever, and
Reading it says a lot about the way people during that time period. The late middle ages was a time of both crisis and recovery. In the 1300s, the Europeans had faced both black death and famine. The mass starvation had caused many deaths, especially for peasants. However, not only were peasants going through a crisis during that time, when the black death occurred, no one was safe.
The Concordat attempted to resolve the religious violence that broke out in France after the French civil war, but the Concordat was not finalised until 1815. The Concordat acknowledged Roman Catholicism’s status as the official religion of France that resulted in bishops and priests becoming employed by the French government. The Concordat eliminated the influence of the Constitutional church, which deprived the Roman Catholic Church of the domination of religion and provided more legal rights to Calvinists and Lutherans by fully integrating religious tolerance inside of France (Hosack, 2010). The armies of rebels continued to travel the backwoods until the execution of Georges Cadoudal, who was executed for making an attempt to kidnap and assassinate Napoleon with use of bombs in 1800. One of Napoleons greatest achievement was the Concordat because it adopted religious tolerance within France, which spread throughout Europe.
While Suger provides us with a distinction between himself as a monk-statesman and the medieval government. Suger was a leading statesman in France, during a time when King Louis was away during the second crusade. The author interestingly, compares France to England during the mid 11th century. He points out how the English kings had no capital or the patron saint like French kings had at the time. When Westminster Abbey was built by William the Confessor, it became a focal point for the English kings just like St. Denis was for the French.
To emphasize on the statements above the Holocaust caused approximately 6 million deaths of innocent Jews and other “unsatisfactory” members of society including the handicapped and gypsies. In the upcoming paragraphs I plan to highlight the detrimental effects of the “Final Solution” had on the majority of the Jewish Population and the heinous crimes that were directly targeted towards the Jews who were unfortunate enough to be placed in the Nazi work/ death camps.
The Papacy and the European Monarch The papacy is the office of authority of the pope. The papacy originates from the word papa, like the pope. The papacy and the European monarch didn’t really get along. This is because pope Gregory VII excommunicated Henry IV, or the holy roman emperor. CHARLEMAGNE Charlemagne became the kings of the Franks
In 1993 the beginning of the genocide of millions of Jewish people began otherwise known as the Holocaust. The Nazis plan to exterminate all Jewish people was referred to as the Final Solution. During this time period the Jewish people were discriminated against by being segregated, stripped of their identities, and being taken away from everything they own and love and forced into concentration camps. Segregation was one form of dehumanization and Jewish people were impacted by this greatly. Shown in Document #4: Discriminatory Decrees Against the Jews.
Christianity was made the official religion of the empire and was thus spread far and wide. Constanine 's
Primary Source: Edict of Milan 1. The Edict of Milan was a government decree requiring the wrongdoings against the Christians be reversed as quickly as possible. The authors of the document were Constantine and Licinius. The authors of the document hold authority positions within the Roman Empire. With their sense of authority and it being a government decree, the tone was very serious and the language was formal.