In her book “Of Woman Born” Adrienne Rich hints at the systematic oppression of women which accompanies patriarchy: “Patriarchy is a familial-social, ideological, political system in which men – by force, direct pressure or through ritual, tradition, law, and language, customs, etiquette, education, and the division of labour, determine what part women shall or shall not play, and in which the female is subsumed by the male” (57). By using mechanisms such as religion or education men keep their women small and simultaneously justify their elated position. Sociologists refer to it as hegemonic masculinity, a term which Raewyn Connell has first used in her studies on Australian high schools. Based on Antonio Gramsci’s concept of hegemony, hegemonic masculinity can be defined as ‘a configuration of gender practice […], which guarantees (or is taken to guarantee) the dominant position of men and the subordination of women (Connell
The novel A Thousand Splendid Suns describes the plight of the Afghan women both under the patriarchal social systems of the Afghan society and the brutal forces of political parties. Hosseini actually gives a message through this novel by showing the power of unity through the main characters, Mariam and Laila. With these two characters he has raised the issue of feminism and gender equity. The novel stresses over the rights of women who are not given access to education and freedom of choice. Male dominance is the major concern that relates this novel to feministic aspect.
The book has successfully challenged gender stereotypes by showing that men and women are equal. It is the societal constraints that do not provide a level playing field for both genders. Using Wollstonecraft’s book A Vindication of the Rights of Woman to analyze the Hunger Games this essay demonstrates how men and women are equal. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman critiques how the society demeaned women during Wollstonecraft’s time. Wollstonecraft was a feminist considered
The reasons that led to the formation of this movement were the unfair politics that only served man but usurped women and deprived them of their most basic rights. There were several laws that limited the education that all women are titled to in order to force them to remain ignorant and dependent on the men who provide for them. At that time women were not allowed to be control of their financial assets as property rights only belonged to men. All women were treated as if they are merely breeding objects which caused a great blow to their self esteem. The political and suffering conditions of women all over the world can be summed up in the words of Elizabeth Cady Stanton "The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman" (Freedman 136- 37).
In Simone de Beauvoir 's The Second Sex, de Beauvoir argues that women have historically been treated as inferiors and secondary to men. Her book is strongly emerging with the second wave of feminism that calls for basic equalities in some social issues such as the rights of women in voting and inheriting. Further, the second wave highlights the struggle of women in sexuality, abortion, domestic violence, and business field. In addition, Simone de Beauvoir argues that, in all cultures, men are able to dominate and as a result, women have surrendered and become subordinate to what society have been dictated them to do. To de Beauvoir, "one is not born, but rather becomes a woman" (de Beauvoir p.).
The main objective of this investigation is to look at Sri Aurobindo 's masterpiece Savitri as a feminist epic where the female character, Savitri plays a pivotal role breaking the conventional trends of the contemporary society and literature where male characters dominate in the domain. Usually women are taken into consideration as inferior to men socially, biologically, financially, psychologically, and also religiously. Feminism demands women 's liberation and the rights of women on the ground of the equality of the sexes. This article has been attempted to probe deeper into the story in order to bring out the evidences which will establish the final confirmation regarding Savitri as a feminist epic. KEYWORDS 1) Feminism 2) Liberation 3) Discrimination 4) Marxism 5) Capitalist Sri Aurobindo’s Savitri As a Feminist Epic It is the aim of this essay to look at Sri Aurobindo’s masterpiece Savitri as a feminist epic.
Thomas Paine, in the Occasional Letter to the Female Sex, and Washington Irving in "Rip Van Wrinkle" both of them demonstrate in a different way their view about the relationship between the concepts on the one hand of private and family and on the other of public and the political society. In addition to these, also the texts explore the connection between the gender and the body politic. On the one hand, Thomas Paine, through his text provides the role that women concerning men about the politics but also he stresses the need that women have for recognition about their contribution to the rebellion. On the other hand, Irving through the character 's life and the historical events of the 18th century in America suggests the notions of the
Sidhwa in the novel the Ice-Candy Man tries to present her personal view about history from the perspective of feminine entity. Marie Luise reflects this concern in the following words. “The novel also re-writes history from women`s point of view because Sidhwa gives due importance to the real-life lived experiences of women during Partition” (Marie, Gattens.149). The prominent theme of the novel is the miserable condition of women in a male dominated patriarchal Indian society. As Mishra comments on Sidhwa`s portrait of feminism from both perspectives, women as oppressed object and women as empowered element that.
Introduction Since the ancient times women suffer from different forms of injustices on account of their sex. Women are suppressed in our patriarchal society. The family is patriarchal, and it exploits various rights of women. Being a woman, the role of woman in society and family has always fascinated me so I have chosen the books that are based on feminist perspectives. Feminism is about getting equal rights and opportunities for women and allowing women to have control over their lives and bodies.
Sivagami’s novel prepared the ground for a sustained critique of domestic violence and abuse of Dalit women. Dalit women face sexual and occupational harassment at the hands of upper caste men and also by their own community men. This paper entitled DUAL OPPRESSION IN THE NOVELS