The Success Of Napoleon Bonaparte And The French Revolution

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Napoleon Bonaparte once said, “History is written by the winners” (Napoleon Bonaparte Quotes). and he indeed was a winner. Eighteenth century Europe was a place of social, political and intellectual growth. The Age of Enlightenment was in full swing creating new ideas of equality, freedom, social progress and many other things. These ideas inspired the Americans to start a revolution against their sovereign, Britain. The French, being bitter rivals of the British for centuries, helped finance the Americans and ended up spending 1.2 billion livres and accumulating a debt of 3.3 million livres (Conway 242). This economic crisis, combined with an inept leader, Enlightenment sentiment and food shortages, snowballed into the French Revolution. The revolution got rid of the monarchy and set up a republic. After the rise and fall of Maximilien Robespierre, a five person council came into power known as the Directory.
Thus, in 1799, general Napoleon Bonaparte staged the Coup of 18 Brumaire, getting rid of the Directory. He was elected as First Consul of France. Through warfare and diplomacy, Napoleon started a brief period of peace in Europe. Mirroring Julius Caesar, he was then named First Consul for life and a few years later he became emperor of France. All of these events led to him becoming one of the most important and influential people in world history. Through Napoleon Bonaparte’s reforms and wars in Europe, he established the Napoleonic Code, which forms the basis of
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