“Sweetness and Power” by Sidney Mintz uses anthropological evidence to correlate the domestication of sugarcane to the growing Western industrial capitalism. Sugar’s versatility as “medicine, spice condiment, decorative material, sweetener, and a preservative” (78) allowed for its widespread production and consumption. The purpose of this paper is to examine the progressions of English economic trade and the English diet the consumption of sugar expanded from elite to popular classes. Overproduction, free labor, and law of supply and demand in the Atlantic-Island experiment led to a decrease in the cost of sugar in Britain. Demand in England for sugar remained high from its first appearance as a rarity in the eleventh century through its widespread availability in the nineteenth.
The Atlantic System grew between 1500 and 1800 because of numerous causes that increased trade between Europe, The Caribbean, and Africa. The English were on an exploration and landed in the New World, also known as, the Americas. While searching the land they found a new crop that was super addictive and taste good, they felt like they needed to have and harness. They demanded so much that they needed workers to help continue the production of the addictive crop. The addictive crop that the Portuguese loved so much is sugar.
Sugar in America Many people have a sweet tooth, and historically, people have craved sweet foods. Before sugarcane, the only sweetening product was honey. It was not until the early 1600s that sugar made its way to the US. We were a new country, and the United States did not have much knowledge of it compared to other countries. “White Gold”, as British colonists called it, “was one of the first "cash crops" of early colonial America.” It was valuable and not easily accessible for everyone.
The secret of cane sugar, as with many other of man's discoveries. It was kept a closely guarded secret while the finished product was exported for a rich profit. In the mid-1950s a technique for producing a form of sugar syrup from corn starch was discovered. The product (now known as high fructose corn syrup) gradually replaced sucrose in the United States of America as the main form of sugar added to soft drinks and certain foods. It cannot be sold as crystals or table sugar because the mix of fructose and glucose exist in a syrup form.
Sugar was in high demand during the 1500s and 1600s, and the fertile coasts of the Carribean and Brazil made for a perfect environment. Sugar cane was just the tip of the iceberg: Europeans soon discovered crops native to the Americas that heavily impacted world economy, a prime example being the potato. Because the potato is a tuber, and therefor grows under-ground, it could be cultivated in the inhospitable lands of northern Europe and Asia. It quickly became the food of soldiers, industrial workers,
Plantations in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica made the production of the crop prosper. Soon after, southeastern colonies started planting sugarcane, too. It became one of the largest cash crops in history. (G, Johnson) Biological changes happened unintentionally through the Columbus Exchange. The Old World brought invasive plant and animal species into the New World.
Great Britain was providing cheap labor from Africa and making them work in the sugarcane plantations in the West Indies. From there, the West Indies sent the molasses to the colonies in America. The colonists were required to pay tax on the molasses and this would bring money to the British Parliament. This tax was reduced by half compared to the previous Molasses Act. Next, the purpose of the Sugar Act was to raise money for the military expenses.
The British have records of their historical uses of sugar; but sugar, as a raw material in the form of cane sugar, originated from New Guinea and Indonesia, which spread through the process of globalization. As a standalone substance, sugar could provide a hefty amount of calories for an individual’s dietary intake, but historically, at least by 1700, sugar has been used in a wide variety of ways, including: medicine, alcohol, preservation, and, most importantly, as a sweetener for other stimulants like tea, coffee, and chocolate. The combination of caffeine and sugar further stimulates the body physiologically, as opposed to consuming unsweetened tea or coffee. Not only was sugar used in sweetening beverages, but also with fruits in jams for bread, which became a staple of the lower- and middle-classes in 16th century England; the combination proving to be a cost- and energy-efficient (calories) meal for the working classes. This increasing use of sugar and sweets, especially in the British working class perspective, could be interpreted as individuals’ needs to have the energy, in the form of calories, to physically do work.
Sugar industry is forced to investigate other alternatives due to the expensive working conditions of different chemicals and ion exchange resins (Novontony, 1985). Ultrafiltration and octadecylsilyl-silicagel (ODS) have also have shown to its effect to remove the impurity and colorant from sugar syrup. Sugar processing is one of the most energy-intensive processes among the food and chemical industry (Hinkova et al., 2005), and so, membrane separation processes such as micro-filtration (MF), ultra-filtration (UF), nano-filtration and reverse osmosis appear to be funded in several applications by the sugar industry (Hinkova et al., 2005). MF membranes are applied for the separation of particles at the 0.1-10.0 micrometer (µm) ranges (Scholz and Lucas, 2003). These ranges include microorganisms, suspense materials, colloids and emulsions (Carwright, 1994).
But over time Europeans began increasingly to colonise Africa, and they brought the cocoa tree with them. Cocoa was successfully planted in Sao Tome and Principe and then migrated as plantations spread throughout the African continent. And today West Africa collectively supplies two thirds of the world 's cocoa crop. Now,
The Columbian Exchange was the process of exchanging animals, agriculture, and diseases. The most important change that I believe occurred was the agriculture exchange. The old world introduced more tropical fruits than what was available as well as grains. They brought over cash crops such as sugar and coffee beans because in Europe those were the crops that were priced the highest. In fact, it was so lucrative to grow sugar in the Carribean, they imported all of their food out so they had more room to grow it.
Believe it or not Tea caused infant birth rates to go up because of its health benefits. This then caused more labor and helped with the industrial revolution. The roles Tea had in our history is amazing. Including the spread of religion especially Christianity, Taoism, and Buddhism. Also disease prevention, The silk road, and Rise of the