Mesopotamia and Egypt were two great civilizations in human history. Both of them have made gigantic scientific and cultural advances which have affected our way of living throughout time. Although Egypt and Mesopotamia were developed around the same period of time, between 5000 and 6000 BC, they had environmental, political, religion and social differences. Egypt and Mesopotamia shared a fundamental geographical similarity: both societies had access to major source of water, which became key for they development and strength. Egypt, had the Nile river, and for Mesopotamia, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Throughout the entire history of the earth, mankind has advanced from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people they are today. One region that played a profound impact on this development is Mesopotamia, the birthplace of civilization. Gilgamesh: A Verse Narrative, a literary work from the time period, reveals many things about the society that created it. The narrative recounts the tale of the first great hero of ancient Mesopotamia and through his encounters, the culture, religion and the Sumerians way of life is demonstrated. For instance, the relationship between humans and gods that resound throughout the narrative, gender divisions, civilization versus nature and lastly, how the Sumerians lived.
They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture. The rivers that these civilizations were built around directly impacted the way they viewed their gods. The Nile was a very strong and reliable river. It flooded annually blessing the Ancient Egyptians with a richer agriculture then Ancient Mesopotamians. (pg 17) Because of this the Egyptians viewed their gods as reliable beings who wanted to help them.
Intellectual seeking’s were valued greatly across Mesopotamia. The schools were said to be “as numerous as temples and taught reading, writing, religion, law, medicine, and astrology.” Over 1000 divinities in the pantheon of the gods in the Mesopotamian cultures with many stories concerning the gods. It’s generally credited to the Mesopotamian lore that biblical tales like “the Fall of Man” and “the Flood of Noah,” since they are appeared in Mesopotamian works like “The Myth of Adapa” and “The Epic of Gilgamesh.” Mesopotamians believed they’re coworkers with gods and that their land is infused with spirits and demons. Mesopotamians believed that the beginning of the world was “a victory by the gods over the forces of
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, were two civilizations that shaped the way with regards to the religious, public works, and government aspects of our lives. They showed how to act in order to be successful. Many of the acts that were performed in ancient times are still done today. There are many aspects that go into a civilization, but the three that were really significant in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and different Mesopotamian civilizations were the similarities and differences between the religious, public works, and governmental aspects. When archeologists look at two different civilizations they often use the skill of comparison.
Around 3500 B.C., the first, ancient River Valley civilizations were Sumeria, Egypt, and China. These civilizations were located in what is now southwestern Asia. Each had great contributions to the future societies. To start, the Sumerians created cuneiform script. It was the world’s first written language.
An example is the Great Mosque at Cordoba, it is known for its beautiful interior arches and its open and breezy interior space in red, blue, and gold. The walls are decorated with decorative patterns called arabesques, Arabic inscriptions, and the walls covered in glazed tiles. Another form of art that was brought to life is calligraphy, it focused on elegant writings specifically in Arabic that is still practiced today. The Islamic Golden Age brought to life some of the most beautiful and artistic creations, some that were some of the most remarkable artistic pieces of the time. Without these artistic achievements, art would not be as developed as it is
When the Babylonian empire fell, another took its place-Assyria. Ashurbanipal was the fearless ruler of Assyria. Assyria was located in Northern Mesopotamia, an area of rolling hills. To protect their lands, and all of the people in it, they built a very powerful army who attacked their enemies with battering rams, and iron tipped weapons. They also used ladders to climb tall city walls.
People are continuously improving by learning from their past experiences. Such, that many of the laws across the world and articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are either inspired or completely based on previous laws and rights. Hammurabi’s Code is no exception. Although the basis and theme of the code was based on the idea of “An eye for and eye, and a tooth for a tooth.”, these pre-Biblical laws helped shape Babylonian life and still have a large influence on modern rights and laws. Hammurabi’s Code was written back in ancient Mesopotamia, long before the Greek or Romans civilizations existed and is one of the earliest and most complete ancient legal codes, beaten only by the Code of Ur-Nammu, which originated with either
For example, the tale of Gilgamesh is an Archetype Journey. The Legend of Gilgamesh is an Archetype Journey because it was created in Ancient Mesopotamia. Which makes it one of the earliest form of literature. It was written on twelve stone tablets, which shows how ancient it really is, considering mesopotamians did not have paper. The Story of Gilgamesh is an Archetype because all of the various adventures form an organic whole, the events relate to
Imperial power and celestial force are synonymous in both Mesopotamian and Babylonian social orders. Ruler Hammurabi served as the pioneer of antiquated Babylonia. He put forward a progression of good codes that were compulsory for all nationals to take after. Activities like this appear in changed religious gatherings, for example, Christianity with the 10 Commandments. To guarantee that all nationals lived by the laws given to them, Hammurabi directed his laws with cruel discipline to all renegades of the framework.