In 2010, the Chinese American population numbered 3.8 million (Batalova, Hooper). The assimilation of the Chinese started in the 18th century when, mostly, males left their villages to become laborers in the American West, where they faced discrimination (“Chinese Immigration”). Today, Chinese American teenagers are finding it challenging to find their true identity in America because of outside temptations. The main character in “Fish Cheeks” can relate on how hard it is to find one’s identity in a different culture. Chinese immigrants came to America in hopes for a new life.
California was riddled with labor strife throughout the 1930s, with the largest labor strike occurring in 1933, which was the San Joaquin Cotton Valley Strike. Steinbeck briefly refers to this strike when he says, “the workers realize that the problem of the small farmer is not unlike their own. We have the example in the San Joaquin Valley two years ago of a small farmer who sided with the workers in the cotton strike.” The strike included thousands of laborers, 80% whom were Mexicans. The reason there were so many Mexicans in the strike was because Mexicans were the labor of choice in California during this time. They were regarded as vulnerable foreigners that could quickly be deported away back to Mexico if any of them ever made any demands such as demanding a higher wage.
For instance, “in 1852 a special foreign miner’s tax aimed at the Chinese was passed by the California legislature” (Explore.museumca.org, 1996). Essentially, the Chinese were charged a certain amount of money to search for gold. Also, the native Mexicans in California were deemed foreign as well, therefore they too were taxed (Pbs.org, 2006). In addition, many Native Americans had to flee from the gold mines because their women were being raped and their men were targeted (Kosher, 2015). Nevertheless, people still continued to flock to
The problems emerged as the population grew massive in china during the 18th and 19th centuries. The growing had a pressure on land which cause deforestation, there were not enough food for everyone so smaller farms were given to peasant population. There were a lot of increased corruption including poorly maintained public work and loss of impoverishment, misery, and starvation. Since there were too many people, the government did not expand they were able to performed effectively on flood control, famine, rebellion, etc. In mid-19th century a majority population of China are addicted to opium drug which cause a major threat to their economy and social order.
the irish famine is an example of what drove many people out of ireland. an example of a later pull factor was the us industry expansion that gave new opportunities to unemployed immigrants. also other country 's land was limited and a bad harvest could result in the loss of land. in greece jobs did not pay enough and in america you could earn 30 dollars
In the 1950 's the dwindling areas of land up in the highlands could no longer support the native Indian population and the poor began to drift toward the final frontier, the sporadically populated Lacandon rainforest area to the East. That is where these migrants cleared areas of the rainforest land and exposed the red clay soil that loses its lushness after about one to three crop cycles. These migrants were soon joined by other Spanish speaking migrants who were also fleeing poverty in many other areas of Mexico, many of the migrants had numerous experiences in local peasant
In almost every nation, the development of a railway created a connection throughout the country that was previously unmatched by any other form of transportation. In Canada, this evolution of the railroad was constructed on the backs of tens of thousands of Chinese immigrants. Specifically during the building of the Trans-Canada railway, over 15,000 chinese workers worked tirelessly to lay over 500 kilometers of track from 1881-1885. The dangerous nature of this work incurred the deaths of over 4000 of those workers; those who survived were left with only a meager amount of money as they received half of what their Canadian counterparts were paid. Although this railway came at a high toll, it transformed the face of Canadian transportation
The first Japanese-Americans, or Issei, came to America in the early 1880s, looking for work and adventure. Many Issei were laborers, coming to America to snatch up all the jobs the Chinese had left open in the wake of the Chinese Expulsion Act of 1882. Though many were laborers, some were students, merchants, or professionals. Racism was a massive problem for the Japanese-Americans. Native born Americans resented the Japanese presence in the Pacific Northwest as they believed that the Japanese were taking jobs that belonged to the Americans.
The first Japanese Americans emigrated to the U.S. mostly as the second or third sons of the family in search of a new economic future similar to other immigrants. Primogeniture was still in practice in the late 1800’s, so the eldest son inherited the entire estate, leaving the other sons at the mercy of their own resourcefulness. These fortune seekers settled along the western states as farmers and farm laborers amid high anti-Chinese sentiment. They’re willingness to work for lower wages in poor conditions created a split labor market and as a result, they endured extreme hostility and physical attacks from union members representing the manufacturing and service industries. They experienced legal discrimination in the forms of denial of citizenship and denial of land ownership as non-whites.
In addition, many different races and cultures were migrating to the West. Naturally this movement stirred up a little bit of discrimination since most of the settlers in the West were relatively prosperous white, native born farm folk. One of the races that was affected were the Chinese, who arrived in California to build railroads and work in the mining community. They were frequently discriminated against, and denied citizenship rights. Eventually becoming scapegoats whenever there was an economic downturn.
Surviving the dust bowl, many people left since the living conditions were so harsh. Some people tried to stay but in the end they had to leave since they lost their land in bank foreclosures. By 1940 about 2.5 million people have moved to the flatland; of those 200,000 moved to California. Landing in California, the migrants were confronted with an existence practically as troublesome as the one they had cleared out. The dust bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history.