The Tang Dynasty: Most Important Period In Chinese History

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The Tang Dynasty

Learning China’s history, you find that the Tang Dynasty was the greatest historic period in Chinese history. Founded in 618 and ending in 907, the dynasty, under the ruling of the Tang Emperors, became the most powerful and thriving country in the world, at that time. Particularly, in this magnificent period, the economy, politics, culture and military strength reached an exceptional advanced level.

After about 300 years of division and fragmentation following the collapse of the Han dynasty in 220 A.D, China once again was unified under the Sui dynasty (581–618). The political and governmental institutions established during this short period prepared the foundation for the growth and prosperity of the succeeding Tang dynasty. Marked by a strong and great rule, successful diplomatic
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1. The emperor and his family: They were the most powerful social class. The Emperor had control over the whole Tang Empire.

2. The aristocracy: They were a class of noblemen who are part of the Tang government. They were a little less powerful that the emperor, but can could become higher than him if the emperor hasn’t earned his position by heredity.

3. The bureaucracy: They were too a part of the government. This class was divided into two groups, the scholars and the functionaries.

4. The eunuchs: They functioned as servants in the emperor’s palace. They formed the central social class during the Tang Dynasty.

5. The clergy: They were a group of religious officials.

6. The peasants: They usually lives in poverty. Poor treatment to them by others resulted in constant rebelling against the government.

7. The artisans/traders: Artisans spent their lives working and practicing a certain profession and making items. Traders roamed and travelled different places to trade those items. Both were an important part of the empire because of the rise of the Silk

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