The Tenets Of Behaviorism By John B. Skinner's Operant Conditioning

778 Words4 Pages
The term behaviorism referred to the school of psychology founded by John B. Watson based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors (Staddon, 2001) . And this behavior could be researched scientifically . According to Pavlov, "Respondent Conditioning” resulted from the association of two stimuli, such as causing dogs to salivate at the sound a tuning fork. Consequently, Skinner developed “Operant Conditioning” where the “Stimulus-Response” association was elicited through selective reinforcement (rewards or punishments) to shape behavior. In this regard, behaviorism assumed that a learner was a passive recipient and responding to environmental stimuli. When applying the tenets of Behaviorism to teaching, Skinner asserted that the learner started off as a blank slate, and then his behavior was shaped via positive or negative reinforcement. Behaviorist learning theory contended that Learning was an automatic process which didn 't not involve any cognitive processes in the brain. Therefore, teacher controlled the learning environment and learners were empty vessels into which the teacher poured knowledge. Such a ‘behaviourist’ view of language-learning assumed that just as a child induced language patterns from the language around him, so foreign language learners could also induce language patterns, especially if they were presented in situational contexts with lots of

More about The Tenets Of Behaviorism By John B. Skinner's Operant Conditioning

Open Document