The “loose association” among the Seminole bands and disagreements among members within the bands gave rise to many unknowns about the intentions behind those who signed the treaty, and those Seminoles in Florida who refused to accept the authority of the chiefs who travelled to the Indian Territory. Furthermore, the African Americans among the Seminoles, including Abraham, were convinced that moving to the Indian Territory, where the Creeks occupied the land, risked re-enslavement. Like many white planters, the Creeks persisted with federal claims on escaped slaves who sought refuge among the Seminoles. The African Americans, Abraham among them, fearing this, worked hard at convincing the Seminole Indians to oppose removal. Abraham insisted that the Seminoles get separate lands from the Creeks to reduce, if not eliminate, Creek claims on the Black Seminoles being their own property.
The settlers started to want Indian land and their previous slaves back as well. With conflicts and confrontations, comes war. Three wars occurred against the United States involving the Seminole Indians in Florida. The Seminole Wars turned out to be “America’s Longest Indian Conflict” as the wars happened over a 40 year time span. “The first was a punitive excursion led by Andrew Jackson.
One case dealt with a slave living in "free" territory. The reason racism still exists is because people continue to believe that some races are better than other races: Dred Scott vs Sanford, Plessy vs Ferguson, Shelly vs Kraemer. In the Dred Scott vs Sanford case, Dred Scott and his wife sued for their freedom from slavery. They fought in an 11 year legal struggle just to be free, but lost that battle. As the case was on its way to Supreme Court it grew in significance.
After awhile of being in contact with the Europeans many natives took it upon themselves to fight back. The Abenaki pushed back the line of white settlement by facilitating many raids on scattered farmhouses and small villages belonging to Europeans. This war was however, settled by a peace treaty in 1678. The consequences of these actions left the Wampanoag more than decimated and many Native survivors were sold into slavery in Bermuda
So even though they were free, the white southerners still wanted control of the African Americans in the south. That lasted for a year after the civil war. After the black codes were abolished power hungry southerners resorted to bribery and torture to prevent radical republicans from getting in the government. .
It took place in southern Georgia as well as Florida. The forces under General Andrew Jackson’s control invaded Florida and once again pushed the Seminoles farther south into Florida. Florida at this time was under Spanish control, but Spain could not manage to afford enough soldiers to patrol the frontiers of Florida. In the late 1700s and early 1800s, conflicts, disputes, and ambushes erupted and hatred flared into violence more frequently on the new frontier. Because of the official and unofficial military expeditions into the Spanish territory, Spain ceded Florida to the U. S. in 1821, according to the terms of the Adams- Onís Treaty.
The Fugitive Slave Acts were an act of rebellion against slaves escaping. There was already the fugitive slave act that was created in 1793 to allow slave masters to force slaves back into captivity, but it was not enforced that much. By 1850, there were many slaves that escaped and the since there could not be any more slaves imported, the price of a slave rose exponentially. The new acts in 1850 forced any citizen who saw a runaway slave to catch them, and “It also denied slaves the right to a jury trial and increased the penalty for interfering with the rendition process to $1000 and six months in jail” (History.com). This was a method rebellion against slaves for escaping, but the act fell through quickly because by then, almost no one
During the reconstruction Blacks encountered severe white incrimination and several instances of out right violence “a Freedman living on the plantation of James W. Wade in Fort Bend Co. was arrested, chained and whipped by the wades and others” (Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Texas). Additionally, Black Codes which were laws passed by Southern states with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans ' freedom, quantified southern sentiment but this was eventually countered by The Civil
However, Monroe may have erred when he dispatched General Andrew Jackson to defeat the Seminole who inhabited the north of Florida. Proximity to several plantations led the Native Americans to begin raiding American plantations and harboring runaway slaves. Of course, this could not stand and so Jackson was sent to deal with the Seminole menace, having been ordered by John Calhoun, secretary of war, to “adopt the necessary measures” (1, 202). With the secretary of war’s involvement, it seemed inevitable that this conflict would grow in scale, and indeed it did. Despite these facts, it remains unclear the exact persons who are to blame or congratulate for Florida’s “acquisition”.
Till 1702 the Indian slave trade “had been largely a commercial venture, controlled by Indian middle man and militarized slaving societies” (Ethridge, 194). This means that before 1702 there were some slave traders among the Natives, however, most Natives did not participate in the trading of slaves with Europeans. Yet the war in England, Queen Anne’s war, also came to its colonies. This war led to a competition about the American south between France, Spain, and England. To make sure that either party could win, they sought Native allies.
Gabriels Conspiracy Back in the 1800’s being a slave was very hard. Do you think you would survive? Well there are many who survived slavery and there are some that took a stand and fought it. These people were leaders and influenced others to take a stand and give it there all in order to abolish slavery. Some of them did not succeed in there efforts, but they did influence the other slaves into taking risks and rebelling against slavery.
In 1808, slavery was gone in the Northern states but in the South it still remained a part of their life. This caused the beginning of smuggling slave into the states. As time went by there grew political problems between the northern states and southern states. Feuding grew causing blood to be shed. The Issue eventually led to them seceding from the union (Slavery in America).
Therefore, they were more than likely on their as prisoners, since Africa was invaded and people were stolen to be slaves. Black people have been fighting since the Native Americans were invaded and taken over by the English settlers. Slavery and freedom, unfortunately, go hand in hand with one another. People cannot expect people to be slaves without trying to escape for their freedom, the reason freedom exists is because slavery was formed. What is worse is that they were stolen from their home to become a servant, then they were whipped if they tried to escape or tried to stand their ground.