first report from Saigon, Cronkite told his audience that “first and simplest, the Viet Cong suffered a military defeat.” Walter Cronkite, declared that they could not see in all of this fighting any quick end to the burden of this war. Cronkite’s well known statement, concluded the feelings of the Vietnam War, “We have been too often disappointed by the optimism of the American leaders, both in Vietnam and Washington, to have faith any longer in the silver linings they find in the darkest clouds…For it seems now more certain than ever that the bloody experience in Vietnam is to end in stalemate. Today that we are mired in stalemate seems the only realistic, yet unsatisfactory, conclusion.” There are two, interrelated myths surrounding
Vietnam and the Watergate scandal affected popular trust in the government in immense ways. The Vietnam War was one war that United States had ever lost, and it had proven to be a military, political, and social disaster. By the end of the war 58,000 Americans had been killed, and 3 to 4 million Vietnamese. Vietnam undermined Americans’ confidence in their own institutions and challenged long-standing beliefs about the country and its purpose. However, two decades later former secretary of defense Robert McNamara published a memoir.
The events that occurred in Vietnam remain a debate which continues to threaten our country’s politics. I will not deny our country was left with a scar which the years have shown us may very possibly never heal. I write from Washington as one who witnessed the politics that landed us in Vietnam, as one who supported the United States ' decision to get involved in this fight which could only have been described as taking place worlds away. The war may have been bloody, as all wars are, and the results may not have been the favored ones we had intended, but I stand by our decision. My intentions are not to paint over the events that took place in Vietnam as the ideal pathway, not to justify but to explain.
In 1969, Life magazine, an extremely popular and influential magazine of the time, hires a new editor, and there is an obvious change in the type of stories they were printing. The stories become more anti-war, and they showcase the ways in which the war was affecting both the Vietnamese and the people at home in America. One extremely powerful and shocking piece they published titled "Vietnam: One Week 's Dead", showed over 200 young men who had been lost in the span of one full week in the conflict of Vietnam. There was no story, simply their picture, their name, their age, their hometown, and their ranking in the military. These photos were sent in by the families, and oftentimes showed the youth and joy of these passed men, with several
The fierce battles that occurred after the Tet offensive were heavily televised, exposing the inability of the American government to bring about a victory despite promising “victory to be ‘just around the corner” (Foner 1015). Television, once again, played a major role in informing the American people about the state of the war and creating support for the anti-war movements. By broadcasting the fighting, the public would have been able to witness firsthand what the war was like through something other than text on a newspaper. With the government unable to hide the televised battles, the American people were clearly able to see that the war was not progressing as smoothly as they had thought. Despite America’s military might, the fights showed that America could not solve all of its problems through force and that no matter how brutally the Americans fought, they still could not force their Vietnamese enemies to surrender.
The United States had stumbled into another overseas quagmire—history seemed to be repeating itself when, once again, we were led by a group of men who launched wars without exit strategies and fail to understand the nature of their enemy. The United States got involved in order to stop the spread of communism. The belief was that if Vietnam fell, so then would Cambodia, Laos, etc. Vietnam was the longest war the U.S. had ever been it—15 years. In Vietnam, Americans were told that the U.S. was involved because the
The Power to Declare War: Does it Mean Anything Anymore? Throughout the history of the United States, the President has bypassed the Congress and engaged in warring actions. All have claimed Emergency Action as the qualifying reason. Some, after the fact asked congress for a declaration of war, others have not. Regardless, the Chief Executives have seemed to found that a formal declaration is not required.
He increased the number of forces in South Vietnam. The war escalated then he decided to not run for reelection. Nixon used the war to his advantage. He promised to find a way to end the Vietnam War, pledging America would have “peace with honor”. Now he had to uphold this promise and implement a plan, but it didn’t work.
Although the U.S. was not close with Japan, no one expected Japan to bomb the U.S. After the attacking Roosevelt asked congress to declare war on Japan. “Yesterday, the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked. No matter now long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again.” On December 8, 1941 congress approved the declaration of war with just one opposing vote. The only opposing vote was from a woman named Jeannette Rankin who was a representative from Montana.
In conclusion, The U.S. did not lose the war. The Vietnam War was a war we could not win and could not afford to lose. The fall of Saigon happened April 30, 1975, two years after the American military left Vietnam. The last American troops departed in their entirety March 29, 1973. A war when no man wins and every man looses.
They grouped together, and they were able to be hard, guerilla fighters for communism. The South didn’t want to become a communist country, and the U.S. didn’t want them to either. We continued to help and support the South, but we didn’t directly fight with our troops until later. While John F. Kennedy was president in 1963, the leader of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, was assassinated with his wife and his brother by his own military because he wasn’t the greatest leader. Duong Van Minh was a general that took over when Diem was killed.
Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 largely because he promised to end the war and achieve "peace with honor." To do this, he announced that he would "Vietnamize" the war. This meant that the responsibility for the fighting would be shifted to the South Vietnamese so that U.S. forces could be disengaged. While this was being done, the fighting raged unabated. Neither massive bombing of both South Vietnam and North Vietnam nor the expansion of the war into Cambodia and Laos brought the war any closer to an
The Vietnam War started off with the backing of the American people. Due to the fear of the spread of communism, the American people believed that defending South Vietnamese from the communist north was necessary. However, this way of thinking did not last throughout the war. As the war dragged on, the American people began to realize how more and more soldiers were being killed and yet there was no end to the war in sight. This negativity towards the war was only further fueled by how the television was covered in the war.
History is all about inspiring speeches, gruesome wars, and unexpected events that decide the course of the future. The Cold War is not an example of a war, but a highly important event, considering there was no actual fighting. The Cold War started because the Soviet 's wanted to spread communism, but America was getting in their way to stop it. Three major factors also contributed to the conflict of war, the most obvious one being the U.S. wanted to stop communism, another being both the Soviet Union and the United States were afraid of each other, and finally competition, because everyone needs some good competition. These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used.