The Textile Industry: A Negative Effects On The Environment

1147 Words5 Pages
As the world becomes more and more aware of global warming and its devastating effects, the spotlight is on various industries that have a negative impact on the environment. The textile industry is one of the industries that have been identified as one of the biggest contributors to the negative effect on the environment. One of the processes that use huge amounts of water in the textile industry is wet processing for dyeing, finishing and printing. These processes enhance the products aesthetically making it appealing to the customer. Finishes such as flame retardants, adding softeners for a luxurious handfeel, dyeing, printing, add value to the textile. Unfortunately vast amounts of chemicals and water are used during the various processes. The contaminated water is then released into ground, rivers and seas. Water is just one of the natural resources that are heavily polluted by the textile industry but it affects the ecosystem in a negative way. High water consumption Water is quickly becoming a scarce resource in certain countries. The textile industry uses varying amounts of good quality water in the various steps in wet processing. Tons of water is necessary in the first and important step which is the pretreatment process of textiles. Water is also used in the chemical treatment of the fabrics for the aesthetic and function of the products. Huge amounts of water is used in the dyeing machines. Non-fixed dyestuffs and auxiliary chemicals need to be washed off to

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