Existentialism as a philosophy has modern roots in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. At the time of its development the movement was not readily accepted in academia. It would not be until the twentieth century until it would find greater merit. According to research submitted by Nobin Narzary in his thesis The Rise of Existentialism, the unique history of the twentieth century including world wars, scientific breakthroughs, and the devaluation of human life provided adequate ground for existentialism to take hold [ CITATION Nob12 l 1033 ]. The tragedy of world warfare and loss of human life inspired philosophical debate as to the nature of human existence and its relation to common principals of divinity and human destiny.
The theory of exile in Edward Said’s perspective The original meaning of exile is banishment and it refers to a person who displaced from origin home and not allowed to return, as Said mentioned in his article Reflections on Exile “anyone prevented from returning home is an exile”, even this kind of exile is by voluntary or involuntary, by choice or by force. The theme of exile was not born in the twentieth century or the postcolonial theorists found out it. According to one of the hypothesis that the beginning of exile as it is mentioned in Bible was the story of Adam and Eve, who were forced to leave Eden (Gen 3:23-24), also the story Israel’s exile in Babylon was a form of divine punishment for past sin. In the twentieth century, many writers discussed the theme of exile in their works in several fields such as politics, literature, history, geography and so on. One of the most prominent and influent Arab American scholar in the twentieth century, which the theme of exile was central in his critical and scholarly works, is Edward Said.
Princess, a daughter of monarch, and Kings. The Middle Ages was a violent period for the Europeans. It happened after the start of the Renaissance.” “European thinkers, writers and artists began to look back and celebrate the art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Accordingly, they dismissed the period after the fall of Rome as a “Middle” or even “Dark” age in which no scientific accomplishments had been made, no great art produced, no great leaders born. The people of the middle Ages had squandered the advancements of their predecessors, this argument went, and mired themselves instead in what 18th-century English historian Edward Gibbon called “barbarism and religion.” (Middle Ages.
Death in the Baha’i faith has rules, “Baha'i law states that the body should be buried within one hour's travelling distance of the place of death. Cremation is forbidden as it breaks the natural cycle and is, for the soul, too abrupt a decomposition of the body…There is also a special prayer for burial which should be recited” (Momen). Judaism has stricter rituals than many religions. At birth, boys are to be circumcised in honor of Abraham. At age thirteen, boys will have a bar-mitzvah in honor of reaching adulthood and girls a bat-mitzvah.
In order to finish his Dresden novel, Vonnegut for more than 23 years searched for a new point of view to convey the horror that took place in Dresden and the war in general he even went further breaking the conventional mode of narration to fit his story. Even though Dresden bombing happened more than twenty years before Vonnegut wrote the book, the fact that 23 years have passed after the war was over doesn’t minimize the difficulties of those who experienced it, recalling such traumatic expediencies it was like bringing it back so Vonnegut found an adequate way to describe it in literature searing irony, humor, satire and mocker. We notice the presence of irony from the beginning of the first chapter when Vonnegut describes to his friend
The Catcher in the Rye is one of the many novels that is banned from schools reading lists. This fact sparked interest in why this brilliant novel even deserves to be put on this list. We must dive deeper in the meaning behind the words and why the author created the characters the way he created them. J.D. Salinger introduces protagonist, Holden Caulfield as a pessimistic teenager who is essentially having a midlife crisis.
The term modernism has been used to designate T.S Eliot’s tendency of revolt that represented a complete break with the contemporary poetry. When eliot appeared on the scene , English poetry was dominated by the Georgian poets who tried to carry on the Victorian romantic tradition .Eliot revolted against the Georgian school of poetry as it ignored the complexities of the new age , and played on the lowest artistic responses of a large audience. georgian poetrt was external and fit to be communicated to the public and against this sort of poetry . eliot advocated and practiced poetry which was inner, secret ,mystrios , taught to a select few. Referring to this fact Maxwell has observed in the poetry of t. s eliot “from 1900 until first world
Patterson, in her book Milton’s Words talks about Paradise Lost and the D- word. Here she says that Milton “uses a keyword, not circulating in the public discourse of the day, but brought into prominence by Milton himself and the intensity of his focus, his particular obsession. For rhetorical suspense, I call this the D-word.” (94). She identifies his D-word as Death, because it appears one twenty times in the epic poetry, whereas Adam appears eighty eight times and Eve ninety five times. Milton use this D-word during the time where the word death was considered as taboo.
A young french electronic music duo in the early twentieth-century, Daft Punk,wrote a song in 1997, a song with three words repeated 144 times; “Around the World.” This song uses Ancient Aztec Mythology as a metaphor to outline how some of us are too busy worrying about death to enjoy life. Similar to how members of Daft Punk keep their identity unknown, the identity of the author, who wrote the poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, is unknown. Like most people in modern society, Sir Gawain spent too much time worrying about his death, and did not enjoy his life after his meeting with the Green Knight. The fearless knight stood up and took on the challenge the Green Knight had given him, and a year later he was ready to face his demise, instead of enjoying his time he had left. Showing his honor, fearlessness, and more, Sir Gawain travels far and wide to complete his side of the challenge he made with the Green Knight.
In fact it was rather modernism, as its name implies ,that tried to awake from the nightmare of history, self-consciously setting itself against the past, and rejecting mundane forms of historical understanding. Modernism doesn’t wholely favoured the simply historic narratives rather find truth is not evolutionary and progressive but something requiring analysis. Tracing the works of the modernist poets, especially the works of early twentieth century it should be voluntarily marked as art after the first world war which in time recorded all the emotional aspects of this crisis of longing despair, hopelessness, angst, paralysis and moreover a sense