The first one is the fact that people cannot be think as separate from their relationships. Since relationships are one of the core factors in our life, it would be inevitable to be effected by them in different ways. The way we chose to deal with these relationships may be maladaptive and we need to learn a better way of dealing. PIT enables the therapist and patient to work on the present feelings and thoughts, which may arise in current therapeutic relationship. Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings.
They are responsible for the activation and successfully bundling both basic and model-specific factors at the completion of effective treatment (Simon, 2011). The Therapist should avoid any form of disruption, because it will threaten the therapeutic process as well as alliance (Simon, 2011). Therapist should also create a safe environment where the patient can freely express emotions and thoughts. 4. The similarities and differences between counselling and psychotherapy There are obvious differences between the two and they have different purposes in different settings for different situations, but they do have similarities as well and in the following discourse both similarities and differences will be named and discussed with regard to counselling and psychotherapy.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY: ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY: Albert Ellis (1913-2007) was a psychoanalyst who has growing dissatisfaction towards it. But he was interested in learning behavior related therapy. Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck, Donald Meichenbaum were indulged in writing treatment for chronically ill and severely stressed patient using cognitive therapy. But it ended up with behavior therapy techniques combined with cognitive therapy which were prominent in that era.
In existential therapy, therapists are mainly concerned with " understanding the subjective world of clients to help them come to new understandings and options." (Corey, 2009, p. 148). Helping clients accept the responsibility of their own lives allows them to move from emotional angst and self-deception, toward the joy of achieving personal potential (Corey, 2009). The therapist acts as a mirror, of sorts, to reflect some of the self-imposed constrictions and limitations preventing the client from further growth. Most existential therapists use a variety of loosely stated techniques with
Hence, it is not surprising that they focus on either thoughts or behaviours as reasons for emotional disturbances. Adlerian therapy and REBT attributes emotional problems mainly to unconscious schemas. They look to correct mistaken logic and faulty thinking to evoke behavioural and emotional changes. While Reality therapists are also concerned about the client’s thinking, it differs from the others as, the first point of change is usually behaviour. Reality therapists do not focus on mistaken thoughts but rather, ineffective actions that clients engage in in attempts to achieve goals and needs they have in mind, in their Quality World.
More specifically, in such cases involuntary hospitalization may be the only solution in order to reassure that the client will not harm or kill themselves. Therefore, the mental health professional has to inform and explain to their client before therapy starts, about the limits of confidentiality, namely that it will have to break if the clients express any suicidal thoughts or attempt to harm themselves or another person. However given the importance of these situations, it is essential the therapist evaluate effectively clients’ condition and certainty of their statements and act according to the principle of client’s beneficence (Isaacs & Stone,
Furthermore, understand the subjective world of the client to come to new understanding of the client’s stands. While, therapists aim to understand their client’s subjective world, the existential approach doesn’t have specific techniques. Instead, therapists are welcomed to incorporate techniques from other approaches. Despite its unconventional style of therapy, there are 3 phases a therapist follows in order to understand the client’s subjective world. First, the therapist attempts to understand the client’s idea of life; for example, what does he/ she believes or what do they stand for, such as its values.
Freud’s Psychosexual Development Stage Psychosexual development stage is one of Freud’s major contribution to the Psychology field. Some of the concepts were based on his earlier study- the division of mental life into id, ego, and superego. In Freud’s psychosexual theory, each stage represents the fixation of libido (Instinct energy contain in Id). A particular conflict is existed in each stage of the psychosexual theory. One may have to resolve the conflict in order to pass on to another stage.
My helping theory is one that takes in both a holistic approach as well as the person centered approach to helping others. When I help others I take each situation on its own merits. I do not try to compare situations because each person’s situation is very different. You can have two people facing the same situation but because of human nature they will react to that situation in two very different ways. I like in employ the helping theories of Alfred Adler who takes the holistic or individual psychology approach to helping.
On the other hand, Contemporary Freudian psychoanalysis consist of the diversity of perspective of Freudian psychoanalysis. It focuses on a more scientific approach. New developments in theory, research, and practice is develop. Contemporary Freudians have modified and integrated many different ideas into their technique.
It is crucial for a therapist to present a safe, peaceful and nonjudgmental environment to gain the trust of the client. When working with a crisis client, the therapist may have more of a challenge to obtain eye contact whereas a client that is not in crisis may feel ashamed. There is always a level of uncertainty with both the therapist and client in the first few initial meetings. The client may be wondering if they will be judged or accepted. Vulnerability is
Asked to define psychotherapy beyond the stereotype of couches, notebooks, and nodding heads, most people arrive at only blank minds and misconceptions. At Mindful Assessments & Psychological Services, however, psychotherapy is vital part of their practice of guiding children and adults toward healthier, happier lives. This Pequannock, NJ, practice uses psychotherapy and other techniques to help identify the roots of an issue and guide each client towards productive solutions. Here, their team explains this valuable, versatile, and oft-misunderstood approach to psychology with the same clarity and compassion that characterizes their practice.