The Theories Of Pluralism: The Theory Of Pluralism

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Thirdly, the theory of pluralism is overly optimistic and therefore isn’t very useful. In reality many groups fail and in a truly pluralist democracy all groups would have a fair chance to succeed . Pluralism can’t exist when groups aren’t equal and although competition is a hallmark of pluralism only the groups whom have the most resources will win. Furthermore, this competition is usually by the elite pressure groups also known as competitive elitism a theory created by Schumpeter . An example of competitive elitism is the 2016 European union UK referendum. Many pressure groups applied to be the official groups to represent each side respectively. The electoral commission announced the groups would be, “‘Vote Leave Ltd’ and ‘The In Campaign Ltd’ as lead campaigners at EU Referendum” . Both of these groups had high ranking politicians; including the Prime minister and opposition leaders for the remain and in the vote leave group many high-ranking cabinet members. Such high figures prove that elitism amongst groups leads to the school of thought that pluralism doesn’t exist. Many other groups who didn’t have such elitist backing didn’t get the official role. Such groups were Leave.eu who didn’t have high-ranking politicians and therefore didn’t have a fair chance to be a serious contender for the official group role. Having these high-ranking elites gave the official groups an unfair edge which shows how pluralism as a theory isn’t useful. Lastly, some groups have more

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