On the other hand, Kantianism claims that an action is moral if it’s done under the sense of duty (Vlach, n.d.). Virtue ethics looks at the character rather than the duties of act itself and its consequences (Sansbury, Barry and Shaw, 2013). Some other theories covered are: Ethics of Capitalism, Ethics of Consumption, Ethics and Globalization and Ethics at workplace. Although they are all related to the individual and business ethics, I am going
In everyday life we make decisions, which in some way affect those around us, but should those decisions benefit us as an individual, or should they benefit the “greater good”? Utilitarianism, based on utility, states that we should, in fact, act for the greater good of the greater majority, rather than what we consider to be best for ourselves. The ethical theory of Utilitarianism was proposed by John Stuart Mills from a qualitative hedonistic view which states that there is only “one foundational good” (Burnor and Raley). Because Utilitarianism states that there is only one right moral standard, it falls under the view of Objectivism, in which there is only one universal moral standard.
The actions and choices of living beings are transformed by thought which in turn changes physical ideology. Ethics is what makes humans do what they think is right in order to avoid what might cause harm. Being “selfish or self-centered is the basis for all stoic ethics.” Stoicism originated from a philosophy which evolved and became a part of religious teachings. Many early emperors used Stoicism as a guideline for how to live a good and ethically sound life.
I will begin with utilitarianism. The fundamental principles of Utilitarianism assign value to actions based on the ‘greater good’ theory (fundamentally, greatest good for the greatest number) and the actions consequences. It is teleological and holds that the moral action is the one that maximizes utility. Without
Utilitarianism is a term in which John Rawls rejects on two main grounds. Utilitarianism ignores the distinctness of persons and defines the right in terms of the good, according to Rawls. Rawls aims to create a theory of justice (thought experiment in this sense) that is superior to Utilitarianism and offers an intuitive dynamic. Rawls’ theory of justice as a result, can best be described as an attempt to apply in his terms a consistent analogy on the distinctness of persons and prioritising the right over the good . Rawls himself talks about justice as free and equal persons cooperating and agreeing to certain terms in fair conditions, hence the term “justice as fairness” .
Personal Code of Ethics What are ethics? Ethics are moral values of action. Moral values play a big role with ethics, personally I believe that everyone needs moral values. Some moral values are just common sense because values are important personal standards that are valuable.
Hume is known for his dominant systems of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. David Hume considered his self to be a moralist. Moralist, however, can be considered as a person that teaches or promotes morality (Britannica, 2017). David views on Altruism and Self-interest was that we as humans care about the welfare of our-self more than his care about others. Simply addressing that we as humans are selfish but it is simply a part of nature.
Aristotle conceives ethical theories in his time. He divulge the ideas of the goods and morale by studying the nature of arête (“virtue”).Proposing that we humans of the world is oblige to do what is right,do our duties and moral for our humanity . Aristotle search for the good is a search for the highest good and highest good has three characteristic: it is not desirable for the sake of other good and all other good is desirable for sake. ” What we need, is a proper appreciation of the way in which such goods as friendship, pleasure, virtue, honor and wealth fit together as a whole”(Aristotle)
Ethical egoism is when individuals act in their own self-interests and crate situations in a way that pertain to one’s own benefit. There are three different types of egoisms, Individual, personal and universal ethical egoism. Individual egoism states that everyone ought to act in my own best self-interest which focuses on how other people treat them and will appear in a sort of way to get what they desire. Personal ethical egoism states that one ought to act in their own self-interests yet make no claims on what others should do. An example of personal egoism is when a group of 6 peers get together to come up with an activity to do, due to the even number of people one person suggests a game of volleyball and one person refuses to cooperate because it is not within their interest to play volleyball.
The theory of right and wrong characteristics or good and bad behaviors is concerned with morality; its role can shape an individual’s personality which can affect his or her call of action. It is only natural that we should have some kind of sense of duty and physical forces from our experiences that make us have moral laws. It’s an aspect of humanity which helps them make rational decisions and it also serves as guidance for mere goodness. Our existence defines who we are as an individual because of our values that help us see past our wrongdoing and helps improve our future. This can be seen in Sophocles’ story of “Antigone,” Antigone’s character portrays a strong individual who is loyal and values her family more than the society.
William R Madden Ethics: Good Reasoning 1. Introduction A. Anyone may have an opinion, but if it is likely to be accurate, that opinion should have relevant information used to support it. 2. Arguments A. A collection of information used to support a theory.