The Third Instinct Character Analysis

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According to Alex S. Key, the author of “The Third Instinct: How Religion Doesn’t Get You”, one of the greatest challenges facing humanity may well revolve around a misunderstanding of human needs. It can lead to frustration, diseases, and even war.
In the view of the World Health Organization (WHO), one in 5 people is clinically depressed and it describes depression as the biggest epidemic that the world has ever known. The levels of depressions are far higher than a hundred years ago, even though life today is easier and more comfortable than ever, and despite more psychotherapists being game fully employed than ever!
Key says that we are living in a world in which the number one killer on the planet is not cancer, influenza, or hunger.
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They facilitate our existence through survival (i.e. existence as an individual) or through the generations (i.e. existence genetically). Key says that all other apparent needs are really mental mechanisms and the distinction is crucial to life in the modern world. Within our heads, feelings get us to act a certain way. The subconscious mind uses feelings as tools to guide our actions. The real you - the conscious you - is guided by these feelings. Such powerful feelings can be led astray, especially in the modern world thus leading to problems. Seeing pleasure and other feelings as an end unto themselves can magnify the damage, or lead to frustration, excessive worry, or depression when certain levels of happiness are not attained.
Instincts are inborn complex patterns of behavior that exist in most members of the species. The term "instinct" in psychology was first used in the 1870s by Wilhelm Wundt. . By the year 2000, a survey of the 12 best-selling textbooks in Introductory Psychology revealed only one reference to instincts, and that was in regard to Sigmund Freud 's referral to the "id" instincts. In this sense, instincts appeared to have become regarded as increasingly unnecessary in trying to understand human psychological
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Psychologist Abraham Maslow argued that humans no longer have instincts because we have the ability to override them in certain situations. He felt that what is called instinct is often imprecisely defined, and really amounts to strong drives. For Maslow, an instinct is something which cannot be overridden, and therefore while the term may have applied to humans in the past, it no longer does (Maslow, 1954). In this book, Maslow presents several criteria which distinguish instinctual from other kinds of behavior. To be considered instinctual, a behavior must: a) be automatic, b) be irresistible, c) occur at some point in development, d) be triggered by some event in the environment, e) occur in every member of the species, f) be unmodifiable, and g) govern behavior for which the organism needs no training (although the organism may profit from experience and to that degree the behavior is
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