The Third Republic: Challenges Against The Third Republic

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1) Challenges against the newly-formed Third Republic, started right after its foundation. Although overwhelming defeat against Prussia after the Franco-Prussian War in 1880-81 was the Second Empire’s fault, peace deal signed between the Third Republic and Prussia. Republic, even from its very beginning, lost significant prestige and France’s “grandeur” (greatness) in the eyes of her rivals both inside and outside. On the one hand, monarchist, which hold the majority in parliament expects the humiliation of the Republic and republicans in order to proclaim a new system and the third empire, on the other hand, Unification of the German Empire created a vital threat not just the French influence in Europe also French sovereignty itself. In addition…show more content…
It divided the Republic into two blocs, dreyfusards and anti-dreyfusards. Main effect of this affair was that, anti-Semitism became an option for the right-wing parties to rally masses and to get support from rural areas of France. In addition to that, right-wing took key roles in the French politics after this affair. The Third Republic brought back Captain Dreyfus’s case and found him innocent. Although there were claims that it was a clergy-military conspiracy, they tried to not connect the events with military because they represent French national unity, and targeted relatively easier target: the clergy. After the affair, the Third Republic made “anti-clericalism” their most prior agenda…show more content…
The world divided into two blocs with two different ideologies. In this clash, France chose to stay with USA and its Allies. This brought an important change in French politics. After the German invasion on USSR in 22 June 1941, communist took an active role in French resistance movement and after the war, they gain lots of prestige in return for their efforts in resistance and also with the victory of USSR they became much stronger. For their effort, they were expecting to play a key role in future French Politics. But since the beginning of the Cold War, French people grew an anti-communist feeling since Soviet Union became their enemies in one point. This change led to the suppression and exclusion of the extremist left from French politics. But De Gaulle tried to implement them into government as much as he could. But after the Fourth Republic, right started to rise again and leftist movements went into a decline. Also gap between socialists and communists increased after the WW2 because socialists did not want to overshadowed by the

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