The Third Wave Of Feminism

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Introduction Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (2013), a Nigerian writer, defines a feminist as being someone who believes that the sexes should be equal when it comes to the social, political and economic spheres of life. Theorists point out that there have been three waves of feminism throughout history. (1) The first wave happened between the 1830s to the early 1900s. It was characterized by women fighting for equal contract and equal property rights. (2) Between the 1960s and the 1980s, the second wave of feminism concentrated on the roles of women at work and in the familial cell. Moreover, feminist thinkers in that era shed light on issues dealing with sexuality and reproductive health. (3) The third wave of feminism started in the 1990s and many believe ended in the late 2000s while others believe it is still ongoing. There was a variety of feminist standpoints being adopted. For example, there was black feminism, difference feminism, radical feminism and Marxist Feminism amongst others. It was characterized by a shift away from the ‘patriarchal’ body of knowledge which also encouraged a shift in language. Third wave feminism is also synonymous with equal opportunities between the sexes as well as amongst the people in general. Still today, in spite of all the hard work that feminists of the past have put into creating a more inclusive society, there still exists many areas of societal reality where men and women are not equal. There still is an unequal distribution of

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