At the beginning of the seventeenth century central Europe was plagued by a series of unremitting of religious conflicts and which were known as the Thirty Year’s War. The main cause for this was the arrival of Jesuit priests in Germany. Their mission was to convert the vast majority of Protestants to Catholicism. They faced strong opposition, and a revolt began in Bohemia in 1618 by the Protestant Nobility against the Holy Roman Empire. This marked the start of the Thirty Years’ War.
During the time, protestantism was on the rise all over the world, leading the Catholic invaders to push extra hard for converts, in an effort to recover from the reformation, and continue expanding Catholicism. Because the natives had not been exposed to any other form of Christianity, the invaders saw them as a great opportunity to gain coverts. The negative effects of this push for catholicism can be seen in Documents 5 and 9. Doc 5, a formal demand from the Spanish invaders, states that if the natives choose to convert to Catholicism, and recognize the Pope as their ruler, they will be left at peace by the invaders. However, if they do not convert, they will be killed and have all of their possessions destroyed.
Collins Kato 13046977 Module Code: HI4132 Module Title: Warfare And Diplomacy: Europe In The Seventeenth Century Lecturer: Karol Mullaney-Dignam Essay Title: To what extent was religion a major issue to the combatants’ of the Thirty Years war? Introduction This essay will illustrate how far religion was a centre issue to this war between the Catholics (Holy Roman Empire/Habsburg Dynasty) and the Protestants (Lutherans).
The Crusades in Medieval Europe, from approximately 1069 – 1270 had a significant impact on the teachings and influence of the Catholic Church. It was a series of military expeditions caused by religious and personal motives that caused the church to become a vital and powerful part of the European lifestyle. The Crusades were a series of Holy wars during the time of Medieval Europe against Middle Eastern Muslims. These military expeditions were undertaken by those of every class and had the ultimate goal of recapturing the Holy Land, Jerusalem. During this time the Church began to feel threatened by the growing power and land capturing of the Islamic Muslims.
Reforming the Catholic Church would strengthen it and help it stop Protestantism from spreading. The Council of Trent also tried to spread the Catholic faith to new lands and people The CR could also be considered to be created due to political reasons because the Church tried to regain power in Europe through gaining back lands that had become Protestant. Slide
One of the newest invention of this time the printing press was a major tool of communication. Luther could spread his ideas and believes faster than ever before. Although, the new faith was spreading fast, Martin Luther was “punished” and officially
Chaos: The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would disruption that separated Catholic define the continent in the modern and central Europe, like Martin Luther, John Calvin and Henry Vill challenged papal authority and questioned the Church 's ability to define Christian practice. They argued for a religious and political redistribution of power into the hands of Bible- and pamphlet-reading pastors and princes. The disruption triggered wars, persecutions and the so-called Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church 's delayed but forceful response to the Protestants. The main chaos that caused reformation were religious,
During the Middle Ages while the Roman Catholic Church was in control, literature was focused around religion, as seen in a line from Everyman, stating “For ye shall hear, how our Heaven-King calleth Everyman to a general reckoning…” (Document B) This line is referring to God and the judgement of whether a person was to go to heaven or hell. Another piece of literature by William Shakespeare praises man in several ways, writing that man is “admirable… like an angel… in apprehension how like a god!” (Document B)
Christian Society for the Reformation of Manners Background The Christian Society for the Reformation of Manners originated during the reign of Charles II., which was marked by the rise of religious societies. Their initial philosophy was to fight the growth of popery in England, however after the Glorious revolution they expanded their notion and began to battle irreligion (Primer, p. 66, 1975). At that time, it was a widespread believe that economic activity unless strictly limited would severely danger the life of virtuous citizens (Horne, Introduction, 1978). English men were often urgently warned to constrain their habits due to the punishment that could be imposed by God (Goldsmith, p.1, 1985). This is linked to the views of the Society
The historical-political background during Dante 's century. According to Gabriele Rossetti, Dante 's century "represented one of the most calamitous era of the history" (Rossetti, 1832, p.37), as it saw the continue struggles between the two powerful institutions of the time such the Church and the Empire, which dominated not only Italy but also the European, political scenario. The long-standing issues between Church and Empire had emerged centuries before Dante.
Prompt: Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. During the 16th century as renaissance inspired changes in education and art ,humanist ideas also impacted religion. Major dissatisfaction with the Roman Catholic Church and its traditions made it easier for people to trigger a movement to reform the church and its teachings. There were two reformers Martin Luther, a german theology professor, who came to realise a new comprehension of Christianity, and King Henry VIII, who desired divorce which he could not get because of the disapproval of the Catholic Church. While the motives of their strong persuasion of
During the period between 1550 and 1648, the view of the Holy Roman Empire, France, and the Spanish Netherlands shifted to perceive religious diversity as a strength and not as a weakness. Following the bloody civil war between Charles V and the Schmalkaldick league, the Peace of Augsburg took the first steps to reestablishing domestic stability. The contract specified in Document 4 illustrates the town council in Saxony mandating the cooperation of Lutheranism and Catholicism with the Catholic church allowing Lutheran priests to perform sermons in the upper balcony. The system helps to ensure domestic stability which goes in sharp contrast to the war under Charles V for religious uniformity. Therefore, Document 4 illustrates that the city council believed that there could be political stability with religious diversity.
1. Politique were rulers in the 16th and 17th century who put the success and good of their state above everything else. That includes over their religion. Henry of Navarre was a politique because he put the politics of the country before his religion. He converted to Catholicism just so he could be taken more seriously at masses.
Protestant Reformation to shape the landscape which they lived in. Protestants and Catholics were constantly trying to reinvent to common social norms that were already in placed in order to please their denomination. In the 1630s the Puritans, led by John Winthrop, settled in Boston with hopes of reforming the Church of England and emplacing their religion and its social values with of those who are already there (primarily Native Americans). Around twelve years later some Puritans, such as Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker, tried to reinvent the morals and theology of the Puritan Community. Years later in the 1730s and 1740s there is a revival called the Great Awakening which focused on reinventing the way people conducted their life and a call for personal choice.
The Seven Years’ War signified the greatest reflection of European to American hostilities. While Spain and France fought fiercely against the British on the continent and in the seas, in British North America the war clashed as France and its indigenous allies laid claim to the Ohio Territory . This would lead the colonists to refer to the conflict as the French and Indian War, named after the combatants the Colonial British faced . This conflict would resolve in favor of the British, and simultaneously would set the scene for French involvement in the American race for independence in 1776. While war shaped the foundations of colonial development it also proved to be a key in colonial