Later on we learn about what life was like for the people of Troy and Greece and learn what caused the start of the war. One of the main causes of the war was the kidnapping of Helen of Troy. This likely caused Greece to want to defeat and conquer Troy. Strauss also gives us insight into the variety of different weapons and armory that was used to protect both sides. Since this took place during the Bronze Age some of the armory used included bronze breastplates, arrowheads, and chariots.
Athens and Sparta are better in different aspects. For example, Sparta discouraged superfluous arts, but Athens appreciated them. This aspect is evident by the Athenian ruins, and that Sparta has no remnants of their history besides the tombs of their generals. This aspect concludes that Athens had more to lose during the Peloponnesian War. Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars.
Just a few short years before the Holy League launched a war against Venice (Britannica.com). The Venetians probably felt that they could not trust the people of the Holy League 100% because they had so easily declared war on them before. If I were Venice I would have a hard time trusting the people that went to war with me before. They may have also done it as a tactical plan. Or, Maybe their plan all along was to join the Holy League to gain the trust of all those powers whilst still keeping in touch with the French, then with the element of the surprise switch teams after learning the battle plans and ultimately win in the end.
By showing that both the Greeks and Persians were obsessed with revenge, which often lead to further conflict, Herodotus suggests that the Greco-Persian Wars would continue for decades after the Greeks won the invasion. The Siege of Sestos shows the Greek’s desire to be as powerful and dominant as the Persians once were through striving to conquer all territory that had previously been owned by the Persians. Herodotus includes this digression at the end of his narrative to connote that because the Athenians were now as powerful as the Persians were in the beginning of Histories, they would eventually fall, similar to the way the Persians did in the narrative. Therefore, Herodotus can end his narrative with the first book because he implies the outcome and continuation of the next thirty years of Greco-Persian
The Iliad by Homer The Iliad was a really good representation of the chaotic war-torn times of the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea; this includes the countries Rome and Greece. It was a time where nations were trying to expand their power and influence and warriors were claiming their spoils of war. I mean the beginning of book I of The Iliad, Achilles and Agamemnon are arguing over the rewards and the spoils of war. Agamemnon didn’t want to give up his prize girl Chryses in order to please the God Apollo and stop the plague and the rain of arrow falling from Olympus. However, in the end Agamemnon took Achilles’ girl, Briseis, which really hurt Achilles in the end.
Based off of what is given in Herodotus the Histories, Lycurgus is first mentioned as the son of Aristolaides, and the leader of the people in the plains in Lacedaemonia whom form together with Megacles who controlled the coasts (HDT.1.59). Prior to the alleged kingship of Lycurgus, Lacedaemon/Sparta was in a political upheaval between a diarchy of Kings who could not agree upon anything, and therefore set limitations to the powers of the Kings. These political disagreements continued all the way to Lycurgus inheritance who comes across a Sparta that seems to be wavering between being a Monarch or a Democracy. The state of Sparta prior to Lycurgus can be described as a aristocratic tyranny, one in which the rich easily preyed upon the poor. The combining of powers between Lycurgus and Megacles allowed them to expel the tyrannical leader Pisistratus who takes control of and later becomes the leader of Athens (Hdt.
Carthage was ruined when the wars ended. In the first war, Rome wanted to break Carthage’s control of the islands that enabled it to control all of Western Mediterranean. The second Punic was basically to decide the fate of Rome. It was mostly about the rivalry between Rome and Carthage. The last war was all about Carthage’s attempt to gain liberty.
This is shown by the quote from Ronald T. Ridley’s book, ‘The Hoplite as citizen: Athenian military institutions in their social context’, which says “We have forgotten to ask what it was like to be an ordinary – or wealthy and important – citizen called upon to serve the phalanx.” The hoplite was formed due to the alliances that the city states were forming with each other. At the time they didn’t have trained armies so normal citizens, wealthy ones so they could afford weapons and armor, decided to take it upon themselves to protect the state. This was the case for most city states but it was not the case for the Spartans, who are arguably the most famous hoplites. The Spartans were a much more militaristic city state and this result in them being one of the most successful armies in ancient Greece. To give some illustration to this, Paul Anthony Rahe states, “by turning the city into a camp, the polis into an army, and the citizen into a soldier.” Due to the more militarized society
finally finished and concluding with the end of Carthage in 146 B.C (Morey, 1901). The war between these two nation has been for a long time and the power struggling was well known and the political division always created conflict between them. For instance, by the time, the first Punic war split out, even though the Roman Empire had an occasion to dominate and commanded the power over the Italian peninsula becoming a naval power. However, there was also be a trace how Carthage becomes almost had an equal resistance that compared with Rome that showing the strength to the battle during the
The most important cause for internal Greece war was that Athens controlled everything. They were leading other city-states in the Delian League. They used the Delian League as their own empire. Next step, Athens attacked the Sparta’s ally. All causes were logical, Sparta destroyed Athens land, and then Athens surrounded to Sparta.