The Three Main Characteristics Of The Nordic Welfare Model

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Stateness, universalism and equality are three main characteristics of the Nordic welfare model. A strong and good organized state has a great importance for the development of a welfare state. In terms of the state the decentralization of power has a great value. For example, local government play key role in a building relationships with civil social organizations. This cooperation helps to makes process of decision making more intensive and take into account the needs of citizens. Another important element of the development of a welfare state are interest groups or civil society organizations. They play a key role in the formation of a strong state by promoting the trust and solidarity among the members of this pressure groups. High level of trust is a main feature of the Social capital theory and the Nordic model of welfare state. Moreover, free-market economies are characterized by a high degree of income redistribution. By the redistribution of income, the government aims the reduction of the gap between poverty and richness and therefore harmony between different social groups and the improvement of the living standards of low-income families. Income redistributions by progressive and relatively high taxation create better and equal living conditions for citizens and lead to economic growth. Among the other principles characterizing the Nordic model, it is important to point out the principle of universalism. The main characteristic of the universalistic principle

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