First the functions of the emotional and rational personality. Ego is the personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. It weighs the effort and the value of an action before deciding to act upon it. An important function of ego involves the control of impulse. Impulse control is accomplished in different ways; one of these is through the ego mechanisms of defense (Cramer 736).
The ego section of a personality, "retrains individual energy to maintain an individual 's safety and to help a person be a member or society" (pg. 440). Finally, the super ego, "represents society 's rights and wrongs and includes the conscious" (pg.440) Freud 's theory also claims that personalities are developed through psychosexual stages. While some
The personality theory that looks deeper into the traits that make up an individual’s personality is individual psychology also known as the trait theory. Trait Theory The trait theory looks more into what makes one person different from the next. Gordon Allport emphasizes a person’s individuality and
Confidence is defined as knowing what one is good at, the value one provide, and acting in a way that conveys one to others (Ravenscraft, 2013). Ravenscraft differentiated confidence with arrogance, which is being overly confident, and low self esteem which involves thinking that one is a subordinate of others. He noted self-confidence as important both romantically and career wise. Walton (2011) also expressed the same definition of self-confidence as being an important part of both personal and professional success. Self-confidence has much to do with personality development, and psychological stability.
The aim of this essay is to describe the trait approach and critically evaluate its contribution to our understanding of personality. Personality is said to address many issues but the three main ones are, Human universals, individual uniqueness and individual difference. Personality scientists define the word personality in a very different manner then what we use in an everyday context, personality psychologists say that personality may refer too “psychological qualities that contribute to an individuals enduring and distinctive patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving” (Pervin and Cervone 2010). This means that personality characteristics are consistent over time and over a wide range of situations, people have personalities that are
ABSTRACT This paper seeks to review the impact and practice of humanistic theory. It also looks at three of the foundation theorists and their theories and how it influences personality. How it influenced the image of self and finally, the strengths and limitation of this theory. Introduction “Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. The study of personality focuses on two broad areas: Understanding individual differences, in particular, personality characteristics such as sociability or irritability.
Within normal populations, high self-esteem is characterized by a general fondness or love for oneself and low self-esteem is characterized by mildly positive or ambivalent feelings toward oneself. In extreme cases, low self-esteem people hate themselves, but this kind of self-loathing occurs in clinical populations, not in normal populations (Baumeister, Tice, & Hutton, 1989). Generally conceptualized as a part of the self-concept, to some self-esteem is one of the most important parts of the self-concept. Indeed, for a period of time, so much attention was given to self-esteem that it seemed to be synonymous with self-concept in literature on the self (Rosenberg 1976, 1979). There is a vast research literature in which the self-concept is
According to the American Psychological Association (APA), emotion is “a complex pattern of changes, including physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive processes, and behavioral reactions, made in response to a situation perceived to be personally significant”.  This definition implies that emotion is influenced by cognition and physiology. Cognition is the mental processes used to perform a task such as comprehension, reception, use of knowledge and storage, while physiology is the way in which a living organism functions.  Negative emotions are emotions that involve an unfavorable judgement of a situation and to avoid or destroy what is perceived as a threat.  There are various theories and studies conducted to suggest the interaction of cognition and physiology on negative emotion.
According to him, the behavioural responses of the individuals to their environment (specific responses) allow identifying the way in which individuals typically behave in a situation (habitual responses); by grouping habitual responses, personality traits can be identified. Using factor analysis, Eysenck found certain personality traits that he believed were fundamental (super traits) and comprise all the other traits. Initially, Eysenck found two super-traits: extraversion and neuroticism. Later, he found a third super-trait, which he called psychoticism. These super-traits are not categorical, but measured on a continuum: at the opposite end of extraversion there is introversion, at the opposite of neuroticism there is emotional stability, while socialization is the opposite of psychoticism.
REPORT OF 16PF TEST "Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought” (Allport, 1961). There are various theories which talks about personality. It includes psychoanalytic, trait, learning, biological and evolutionary, and humanistic theories, etc. Psychoanalytic theories of personality originated with the seminal work of Sigmund Freud. According to his tripartite theory of mind, behavior is the dynamic outcome of the struggle between id, ego and superego.