According to History Today, “The island of Singapore at the foot of the Malay peninsula originally came under British control in 1819.”(Richard) The quote shows that Singapore was the colony of British that time. Next, according to the BBC, “1922- Singapore becomes main British naval base in East Asia.” (BBC) It shows that Singapore was very important for British that time, if it was defeated, the British may have big problems, so British needed to protect the colony. Then, according to the National Archives, “The general feeling of security evident in Malaya at this time was based on the view, expressed officially by specialists, that Japan was most likely to risk hostilities with Britain and USA.”(National Archives) The quote expresses that the invasion of Japan of Malaya caused the tension among countries. Japan was announcing that it wanted to fight against the British. These quotes explain that Singapore was very important to the British, so if Singapore was invaded, the British needed to take
This attack was a turning point for the United States because this was one factor that brought them into World War II to fight against the Axis Powers. In conclusion, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of their nationalist mentality, America’s embargo of oil to Japan and fearing that the United States will attack them first. The first reason why Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor was because the Japanese had nationalistic and narcissistic political mentality. The Japanese believed the Yamato race was a superior race to the other Asian race(Document A). They also believed they will become the “new order” once Europe and America crumble and become the “old orders”(Document A).
A. The Treaty of Versailles was created as an agreement that Germany would pay for the damage that was produced during World War I. However, it might have been the most important creason of World War II. Many of the leaders saw it coming, yet they just ignored it. B.
The outcome of this war affected America’s foreign policies, economy, and society as a whole. The first important effect the war of 1812 had was the way it changed foreign policy for America. One of the major problems before the war, was the way Britain forced neutral nations trade to go through British authorities first. Not only that but they’d take American seamen and force them into the British navy. This whole ordeal caused great upset in America and cause them to put up a bill that stated they would cut off trade with either Britain or France if the other dropped their trade restrictions.
Napoleon III wanted to overtake London in the leading financial center of the world. But it did not come to fruition after the surrender of Napoleon III at Sedan in 1870. The conditions in France were not good after this defeat. A war with Prussia in 1870 to 1871 was also a major blow to the banks. They struggled to pay the money owed to Germany.
Great Britain was in bitter dog fight with Napoleon Bonapartes France. They wanted to cut off supplies from reaching the enemy sides which lead to the block of the United States from trading with the other. Around 1807-1808 Britain passed the Orders in Council to require neutral countries to obtain a license from its authorities before trading with France. The U.S. Congress repealed Thomas Jefferson’s unpopular Embargo Act, by restricting trades. This cause hurt Americans more than either Britain or France.
This unknown fact of American being neutral or not, ultimately lead to the United States needing to enter World War I. Although the United States President at the time, Woodrow Wilson, explained the reasoning for the U.S. entering WWI was because of Germany’s submarine warfare, the violence toll that Germany took on America relates back to the concealed matter of the nation of the United States actually being neutral throughout the time before war
During the war food rationing was one of the most important tasks that the government faced. The main source of food for Britain was coming through imports from outside of the United Kingdom (especially by the United States). In order to eliminate this strong suit, Hitler and the Nazi Germany used torpedoes to attack the shipment of food that was being sent to Britain via ships. Due to the fact that Britain is an island, the only way for them to be able to obtain food and resources to thrive is by sea. This was strong tactic by Hitler to try to weaken the British people, and try to turn them against the government.
Soon after the Seven Years’ War, the British and the colonists learned that victory came with a rather expensive price (Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey, 2010). Great Britain tightened its grip on the colonies in North America, expecting colonists to pay for their financial struggles. In order to make colonists pay for the war, Great Britain reminded the North American colonies who had authority by controlling the colonists to submit to various ordinances ratified by British Parliament. This action only showed that arrogance leads to rebellion socially, economically, and politically. Socially, a lack of communication between Great Britain and the North American colonies was to blame for the Revolutionary War.
In this plan, American banks lent money to Germany to repay France and Britain; Britain and France reduced the amount of money owed to them by Germany, then Britain and France would use that money to repay debts to America. This was a weak plan because it pretty much was America giving America money. The appeasement policy was what Roosevelt refered to as the Munich agreement. This agreement said that Hitler could have control of the outskirts of Czechoslovakia if they he agreed to stop with only that. This deal was broken when he began to occupy other parts of Czrchoslovakia and began to threaten Poland.
The stopping of the neutral war ships were the most unsatisfactory because it meant that they now had a trading alliance with Britain. The anti-federalist feared that the ties with Britain would strengthen the Federalist Party and promote aristocracy.
This was America’s right, however, Britain was not respecting that because they would seize American vessels that were going to or coming from a destination where the British did not want American commerce. A Democratic- Republican congressman made a speech where he foresaw the threat of war. In his speech he asked a question of whether to abandon or defend America’s commercial and maritime rights (Document 2). He also said that ours rights were being violated and if British continues to do this America will have to resist. America should definitely defend their commercial and maritime rights, because trading is a big part of its economy.
If one would argue that the origins of the Cold War should be traced to World War II and the breakdown of the wartime alliance between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. This all started by one act of betrayal. For example in Document C where Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov states that “ The foreign policy of the United States ,which reflects the imperialist tendencies of American monopolistic capital, is characterized in the postwar period by striving for world supremacy.” The belief that freedom and democracy would die under the communist rule caused the United States to start a problem or feud that would last for a long time. The decisions made by the United States in W.W.II caused tensions to start between the U. S. and the Soviet Union. Communism spread though the nation.
Although the pre-established provincial income and corporate tax was heavily relied upon by the federal government at the onset of the war, the financial burden of a total war became increasingly prevalent. As such, the federal government reimposed Victory Bonds in order to incentivize the financial contribution for Canadian citizens. While temporary, their contribution was significant in aiding the government in financing the war effort, as they managed to amass a substantial $12 billion in revenue across the entirety of World War 2, covering approximately 55% of Canada’s total war expenditures from 1939-1950 (Hoogeveen, 312). The non-existence of this hefty sum would have resulted in Canada succumbing to the heavy burden of inflation, as they did following the first world war. Additionally, the detrimental possibility of inflation also lead the Canadian government to take up constructive action which mitigated this risk in the years following the war.
The French and Indian War left England with a debt of £130,000,000. To help pay off the debt Britain set up taxes, to collect money, on frequently used products by the colonists. The Molasses Act put a six pence tax on every gallon of molasses. The colonists thought this was a lot of money to pay so they did everything to avoid it. This act was not really enforced and the colonists did not really obey this act.