ii. Family Dysfunction Theory This theory explains that the family’s interactions may lead to abuse and often abuse occurs in broken relationships. Some reasons why children are confined to violence by a parent is because they are considered as a way of ‘getting at’ the other parent or that he/she may be a ‘scapegoat’, the unacceptable in the family and the cause for all the family’s ills. Kempe and Kempe (1978) suggested that sometimes child sexual abuse may help in keeping the families together; a teenage girl who is being sexually abused by his father who himself is in need of emotional and physical pleasure because such relations have been broken with his wife. However, feminist theorists, Hall and Lloyd (1992), criticized the family dysfunction theory because they lack focus on the power relations within the family.
The impact that abandoned babies have on the community is tremendous. Abandoned and neglected babies might grow up lost with no family or person to guide them through lifes daily struggles. This might result in higher crime rate as these babies grow up with no education and thus no money to look after themselves. The impact that abandonment leaves on a child can also be severe. Abandoned children constantly seek for approval and achievements, setting themselves up for failure and leading to trust issues.
The longitudinal birth cohort was used to examine a trend among a small percentage of career criminals who accounted for the largest percentage of crime activity. The trend exhibited a new phenomenon amongst habitual offenders. The phenomenon indicated that only 6% of the youth qualified under their definition of a habitual offender (known today as life-course persistent offenders, or career criminals) and yet were responsible for 52% of the delinquency within the entire study. The same 6% of chronic offenders accounted for 71% of the murders and 69% of the aggravated assaults. This phenomenon was later researched among an adult population in 1977 and resulted in similar findings.
This is due to their previous experience with adults who abused or molested them. A child who has been sexually assaulted will feel insecure in the society and feel that everyone is going to hurt them. They will have a little self-possession, feel lonely and irritated. Moreover, the child can sense helpless, fear losing control and lack of respect and trust in authority. It is impossible for them to trust anyone that easily because of the past experiences that they had.
It was found that adolescent maltreatment with the addition of negative emotions, including anger, anxiety, and depression, were a strain that led to delinquency. Even after controlling negative emotions, the parent-child relationships were a strong source of delinquency (Hollist, Hughes, & Schaible,
It focuses on the death from abuse and neglect of nearly 68% of children 4 years old and younger. The consequences of child maltreatment can be severely damaging to a child and can result in poor health, depression, cancer, premature death, and substance abuse into adulthood. It talks about the different type of abuse and neglect whether physical, medical, educational, emotional and sexual. Abandonment is the most common type of commitment in contradiction of children. It also focuses on the solutions and outcomes of helping new parents gain knowledge of basic parenting skills by matching new families with trained nurses or
Children’s bodies and minds act differently from an adult’s; thus they deserve to be treated accordingly . But mothers and sometimes fathers tend to abuse their children’s youth in order to win the crown or to even participate. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act as amended by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum: •"Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation.” Stress, deception, anxiety, eating disorders, sexualizing the kids and bad perception for the future are all signs the kids exploitation and abuse. The pageant world for young girls can ultimately ruin their childhoods, the costumes and the makeup and the big hair sexualize these little girls, way before they could become sexual. .
The work of Van der Kolk (1996) and others (Glaser, 1998) also work on the effect of attachment on mental health ,time addition ,situation ,or conflict between child r care giver, sometimes effect psychological and biologically. Examples of traumatic family separation are exposed in the disturbing accounts of survivors of the Stolen Generation. In the case of family separation or permanent loss child totally disheart and in child create negative thought and some time his depression level is high e directly effect on mind. A WHO expert committee (1997) set up to analysis issues concerning child mental health and psychological development noted that the connection of relationship to
This can lead to juvenile involvement in crimes. Secondly, factors associated with parental conflict and discipline to include abuse, nagging, harsh and erratic discipline makes the home very uncomfortable and wayward, thus pushing children to seek comfort from peers. Thirdly, deviant parental behaviors and attitudes such as parental criminality, parental violence and tolerance of violence form a high tendency for crime involvement. Lastly, family disruption as a result of chronic spousal conflict or marriage break-up can leave the children to the hands of their peers for upbringing and in most cases would expose them to criminal activity (Loeber & Stouthamer-Loeber,
Furthermore, this leaves room for states to implement their own practices and ways to address status offenders. It has also been argued that the Act “fractured the juvenile justice system so that officials in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare handled white, middle-income youth” (Hinton, 2015, p. 816). Programs which labeled white youths as “children in trouble” marked minority youths as “chronic offenders” who were deemed a danger to society, and tried as an adult. The exceptions and revisions that have been made to the Act make it possible for repeat status offenders to be detained in secure