The Three Theories Of The Second Language Acquisition

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Humans have been using the language for long centuries. It is very important to communicate with each other in daily life, but how do people acquire the language?! Scientists research in this topic for a long time, and define, acquire language in two categories: first-language acquisition that acquires by listening to the sound in the surrounding environment, then begin to imitate them and producing words, and the second-language acquisition learn the elements of a new language such as vocabulary, grammatical structure, and writing. In addition, there are three theories about the second language acquisition, each one of them has a different view. The first theory is "universal grammar" which generated by Chomsky. It described as a specialized module of the brain, pre-programmed to process language. Also, it had an old name called ' 'language acquisition device ' ' referred to that children have an innate language faculty. However, universal grammar does not work for older learners, because their device is getting older. As a result, they may face problems and difficult more than younger learners. The second theory is "Monitor Theory" which developed by Krashen and presented it in five hypotheses. First, the

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