Mussolini was somewhat like a test run for this new form of government in the sense that he fulfilled the true meaning of fascism. He was able to gain dictatorship of Italy and implement his form of government onto the people in the way he sees fit. Mussolini was able to dictate even if the people were allowed to protest against the movement which shows how much power he help. Also this illustrates how the Italian people were reduced to being smaller than Mussolini due to the extermination of the democratic
Mussolini once stated that “The Socialists ask what is our program? Our program is to smash the skulls of the Socialists.” With the particular declaration, Benito Mussolini made it clear that his regime was mainly built upon violence and terror of people and classes that were inferior (Laqueur, 1996). The term of Italian Fascism is generally difficult to determine as there is the problem concerning the differentiation between the two different stages both of the movement and of the regime. (Payne, 1980). As Payne stated in his book “Fascism: Comparison and Definition” (1980), Fascism in general may be considered the most doubtful contemporary term in politics.
This act is used in political movement, and became very popular over the years. Mussolini founded fascism in 1919 and used it all through his ruling. He allied Italy with Nazi Germany and Japan in World War Two.”“Mussolini chose Giovanni Gentile, a noted Italian philosopher, as his minister of education. Gentile reorganized Italy’s school system. He also wrote many articles and books, clarifying the basic ideas of fascism.”“Benito Mussolini coined the term “fascism” in 1919 to describe his political movement.” There was also a symbol for fascism.
In addition to that, Stalin established three 5-year plans that aimed for industrialization of USSR and which created quotas for the workers. Propaganda was one of his most utilized methods to stimulate the laborers to reach beyond the quotas (USSR Handout). These actions indicate that Communism is about creating goals that should be met by the society as a whole. Because the capitalism triggers conflict between individuals, it may halt the production. However, when all people are “employed” by the state, they usually create plans that are going to develop the country (McLellan and Chambre 2016).
Communism believed in a classless society, while Fascism followed a dictatorship, but maintaining a dictatorship required the suppression of the people. Fascist ideology believed that “war alone brings up to their highest tension all human energies and puts the stamp of nobility upon the peoples who have the courage to meet it,” which requires constant violence to prove power (Lualdi 236). By 1924, Mussolini was able to gain 65% of the vote for fascism, but in 1933, the Nazi party only gained 44% of the vote, and even with a minority ruling party was able to gain control of the government. Both Mussolini and Hitler came into power through legal means, but Mussolini was named Prime Minister in the hopes of avoiding war but after gaining control. Yet after their legal rise into power, they used coercion and violence to further their fascist rulings.
He is widely known, as D’Souza stated, as the philosopher of Fascism. It is also correct that Gentile ghostwrote parts of “The Doctrine of Fascism” from which D’Souza quotes during his PragerU video. Within this essay Gentile states that “Outside the State there can be neither individuals nor groups (political parties, associations, syndicates, classes.) Therefore, Fascism is opposed to Socialism which confines the movement of history within the class struggle and ignores the unity of classes established in one economic and moral reality in the State.” Gentile goes on to state that “Fascism rejects universal concord,… such a conception of life makes Fascism the precise negation of that doctrine which formed the basis of the so-called Scientific, or Marxian
As a political ideology, Fascism can be described as a belief in anti-rationalism, violence, elitism, charismatic leadership and extreme nationalism. In 1930s, Japan adopted Fascism. In their own definition it was the belief of anti-democracy as the emperor was their leader and the supreme commander of the Army and Navy, and every Japanese citizen had to show absolute obedience and loyalty to the emperor. But why did Japan adopt Fascism? Japan adopted Fascism due to it worsening relation with the west, increasing support within Japan and failure of democracy and unresolved economical problems.
And all who wanted to worship god where supposed to worship the one true leader – Stalin. Hiding behind the lies of creating communism, he made USSR a nationalistic country with a totalitarian dictator. And any hope for personal freedom was lost. People were controlled and watched over. It could be said that whatever foundation for Communism was built by Lenin, was completely erased by his successor.
Fascism is a popular movement and an ideology that was developed through time series of rebellions, revolutions, and war. Its political approach have become for the oppressed and for the selected. It pursues the interests of the people as one entity against the enemies and it allows the selected
Joseph Stalin had also used communism while Mussolini used fascism. While totalitarianism did create a united state, we need to study totalitarianism to prevent it from happening again because it causes many problems, extreme conflict, and it can lead to wars. Fascism first began in the 19th century. Fascism is a form