One way of doing this is to learn about the core leadership theories that provide the backbone of our current understanding of leadership. Let 's look at each of the four core groups of theory, and explore some of the tools and models that apply with each. (Keep in mind that there are
Leadership Thought Prior to 1900 The earliest study of leadership thought would be the “Great Man Theory. This theory conceptualized leaders as a single “Great Man” who knew everything and influenced others to follow him. In leadership discourse, the Great Man theory—an assertion that certain individuals, certain men, are gifts from God placed on earth to provide the lightening needed to uplift human existence—is associated mainly with Thomas Carlyle (Spector, 2015, p.250). The focal-point of this theory is that leaders’ skills are inherent and set that them apart from those around them and that these traits enable them to assume roles of power and authority. Those individuals who were believed to have these inherent skills were people of very influential status, wartime heroes and those of great wealth.
In fact, leadership is a "complex phenomenon that operates across multiple levels of analysis" (Dinh et al., 2014, p. 37), and as such, a leadership philosophy generated from one theoretical perspective would lack dimensional and methodical depth. Thus, this leadership philosophy is heavily influenced by transformational and diversity leadership theories. On the one hand, transformational leadership highly emphasizes on relationships and personal attributes, such as leader-follower dyads (Backman, Sjögren, Lindkvist, Lövheim, & Edvardsson, 2017). Accordingly, much of the transformational leadership research focuses on the personal attributes of effective charismatic leaders. On the other hand, diversity leadership brings light to the contextual influences of diversity and leadership in organizations where the leader is also perceived as a linguistic and/or visible
Literature review. There are different leadership theories, models and styles developed throughout the history. Cable & Judge (2003), acknowledged that, the theories, models and styles that leaders use to get things done in an organization have important consequences for the culture of the organization and how people in the organization relate to one another. It also matters the motivation and the development of the workforce. Leadership Theories.
A. There is several different leadership theories and they are the Great man theory means that leaders are born not made (Worth, 2009). Trait theory is that you can be a born leader or you can be taught to be a leader (Worth, 2009). Behavioral theories talk about two different behaviors task, which relate to the work to be done and relationship actions that deal with the feeling of others (Worth, 2009). Contingency theory that there is no single way of leading and that every leadership style should be based on certain situations (Worth, 2009).
In short, true or great leaders are the ones who put serving first and leading second. Through this, they can be able to achieve results for their organizations by giving priority attention to the needs of their colleagues and to those whom they serve. In short, true leaders need to be more concerned with helping and serving their people so that they can develop, succeed and grow. Instead of being interested in achieving their personal needs and desires, using their leadership
However, as there had been more researchers explored the studies of leadership theories, more research had been done on this theory in recently years (Penn, 2008). Since studies about straits theory was getting more popular, more research can be done on other personal traits that a leaders possess such as physical and social characteristic so that a more specific and appropriate trait of an effective leader can be develop. According to Daft (2008), there were some studies of this theory showed that same kind of personal characteristic may not suitable for every situation as the environment is always changing. • Leader • Characteristics or Traits • Intelligence Values Self- confidence Appearance This approach was based on the scheme that is individuality and personal intrinsic worth that distinguish successful leader form everyone else. In 1994, Yukl conducted research on traits and skills and linked to organizational effectiveness (Introduction to educational leadership & organizational behavior: theory into practice, Patti L. Chance, Edward W. Chance,Eye on Education, 2002,page.87).
Although there are thousands of more qualities that make a good leader, these are some that come to mind while thinking about others and how they lead. Showing others you have confidence is very important, it makes you a role model to those around you and once you are confident in one area, it is easier to be applied in other areas of life as well. Passion is another aspect, showing other how much you care about a topic or situation makes you more credible and will positively affect others around you too. Motivation goes along with passion but in a more self-driven sense, which is essential in the workplace. Lastly, patience is another key quality, if you fail once, be patient and get back up and try it again.
For years, there have been many leadership ideas and theories which has been the source of intensive studies. The three major leadership ideas/theories that I have learned are the Behavioral Theory, the Contingency Theory, and the, Transactional Leadership Theory. The Behavioral theories of leadership focus on the study of the behaviors of a leader. In this theory, a leader’s behavior is a gauge of their leadership influences and as a result, is the best factor of his or her leadership success. There are two important behavioral studies.