The Amistad Case This essay is about the Amistad case from 1942. All started in Sierra Leone were African slave traders captures illegally many Africans, including Joseph Cinque, for selling them to Portuguese slave traders. Most of the Africans that were captured were send in the slave ship “Tecora”. This slaves were taken to Havana, Cuba where they were sold to José Ruiz and Pedro Montez and went in the ship called “Amistad”. One of the day Cinque led a revolt, killing the captain and the cook of the ship, they prisoned Ruiz and Montez for them to take them over again to Africa but instead they went opposite direction and landed in the United Sates where they went to jail and to a trial with the charges of murdering.
Since the Chattel slavery has to do with slaves becoming personal property, the way that people of color were kidnapped and treated, they were bought, sold and traded at their owner’s expense. This is what is known as Chattel Slavery and since the Atlantic Slave Trade was done in such a brutal manner due to the way the black people were taken from their homes and separated from their families forever. Chattel Slavery will always be known as a form of slavery that relates to all the types of brutalities that the black people were condemned to suffer for many years. Even though at the beginning the slavery, this type of system was something that was not correct and legal, many people went ahead and decided to start the Chattel Slavery trade, even if many people did not know about it. Unfortunately for many blacks who became slaves, they were traded as merchandise for goods.
The Africans who were enslaved were generally prisoners of war or captives from slave raids. “As the demand for slaves grew, so did the practice of systematic slave raiding, which increased in scope and efficiency with the introduction of firearms to Africa in the 17th century. By the 18th century, most African slaves were acquired through slave raids, which penetrated farther and farther inland.” Those unlucky enough to be captured in certain invasions were forced to march certain paths, sometimes for a few hundred miles, to markets on the coast to be traded for simple materials in return. From the mid-fifteenth to the late-nineteenth century, European and American slave sellers obtained roughly 12
Their human rights were destroyed from the first step of Atlantic Slave trade. According to “Thoughts ad Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of the Slavery add Commerce of the Human Species,” written by Ottobah, A native of Africa, mentions “I was first kidnapped and betrayed by some of my own complexion” which shows African slaves were not going for their own will and destroyed human rights. Later in 16th century, most of African countries that were enforced to export slaves and kingdoms established special law in order to export more slaves. Law states that if one can’t sell slave, that guy is sold as slaves. Therefore, African people betrayed others, which led huge chaos and huge amount of African were (change to being) sold as slaves, which lead to complete chaos (and that resulted in complete chaos).
From Europe to Africa to America the trading routes made a triangular shape. “This was the name given to the trading route used by European merchants who exchanged goods with Africans for slaves, shipped the slaves to the Americas, sold them and brought
The Spanish were the first to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola with the first African slaves arriving in Hispaniola in 1501. By 1750, slavery was established as a legal institution in all of the 13 colonies and contributed to almost five percent of the England 's revenues. The enslavement of humans and the denial of basic human rights to slaves has been the basis of several wars such as the Haitian revolution, the American Civil War and numerous slave rebellions in America. The main reason behind the American Civil War was, indeed, slavery. The Republican Party in America was determined to end slavery, whereas many leaders in the Southern states wanted slavery to continue or they threatened to secede from the Union.
At the beginning of the colonial period in America, there was a great need for workers that could help make a profit for the foreign companies who invested in colonies in the Americas. While these workers originally came from several backgrounds and countries, it soon became clear that African slavery dominated all forms of forced labor. Nowhere was this clearer than in the Lower Mississippi Valley. Starting off as a French colony the Lower Mississippi Valley’s primary work force was from European workers and Native American enslaved people. However, as the manipulation of African slavery in the French colony of Saint Domingue, today known as Haiti, began to turn a huge profit.
Why did British settlers in North America and the West Indies increasingly need to use slave labour between c. 1660 and 1807? Slavery is one of the most emotive issues in human history. Western slavery represented an aspect of the commodification of human beings for reasons of labor that is central to economic activity. From the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries European slavery was focused on the Atlantic world. There, labour was needed and labour was available but in different places.
The main cause of world-wide racism is the European colonisation of the world. One of the prime of examples of racial discrimination is between the whites and the coloured (commonly; the blacks). It dates back to when the Europeans colonised the Americas by massacring the natives in the late fourteenth century. An estimated hundred million natives died due to the diseases brought by the Europeans. They transferred millions of black Africans from their homeland to America, forcefully, as slaves.
Between 1500 and the 1860s it is estimated that over 12 million Africans were abducted from West Africa’s coast and forced to work fertile lands cultivating crops such as sugar, tobacco, rice and cotton which was part of what we know today as the Atlantic Slave Trade. This essay will discuss the main reasons that the Atlantic Slave Trade began, these reasons are; deep-rooted racial attitudes, religious attitudes towards slavery, the legal position on slavery, military needs, the British economy, and the labour shortages in the West Indies. While it can be suggested that the labour shortages were the most important reason in the rise of the Slave Trade, this essay will argue that the deep-rooted racial attitudes towards Africans was the key