This impacted the slave communities culture by changing their cultural constructs. "Africans and Indians fought with each other, claimed to be each other, and allied together for common goals" (Document 9) This document proves that trans-Atlantic slave trade inflicted a new culture upon African slaves, also know as the maroon community. The maroon community was made up of ex-slaves or runaways. By being apart of this community, it gave them a new outlook on them being away from their previous home. Although it was not an ideal situation to be in, it was much better than being a plantation slave.
From Europe to Africa to America the trading routes made a triangular shape. “This was the name given to the trading route used by European merchants who exchanged goods with Africans for slaves, shipped the slaves to the Americas, sold them and brought
Masters knew that “running away was common. People ran because they had been mistreated or they were afraid they were going to be sold, or they just wanted to be free” (Lester 21). Slaves were tired of working all the time and they just wanted to have their freedom like the Americans; but the attempt at this freedom came with consequences. If a slave was caught running away, they were harshly tortured and in some cases even murdered. This occurred so that the other slaves could watch and see what would happen to them if they tried to escape.
Marielle Apronti Prof. Oscar Williams AAFS 311 4 March 2018 The Trans-Atlantic slave trade was the most important factor when considering the early development of European capitalism. The arrival of the Portuguese to the West African Coast and their establishment of trading and slave ports throughout the continent set in stone a trend of exploitation of Africa 's labor and human resources. Europeans greatly benefited from the Trans-Atlantic trade, as it allowed them to aggregate raw materials such as sugar and cotton to manufacture products that funded the Industrial Revolution. In the book “Capitalism and Slavery” by Eric Williams he addresses the origin of “Negro” history, the economic and political impact of slavery in Great Britain, the role of the American Revolution and the decline of slavery in Great Britain. William’s main argument in this book is that the rise of industrial capitalism in Europe would not have been possible without the profits derived from African slave labor.
Also, this document is important in the study of history because it shows first hand the experience of slavery and how terrible it was. It helps us learn about the hardships that some slaves had to go through when they didn’t deserve it and it helps people learn that slavery was a dehumanizing act and that no one should ever go through that again. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano was written in 1789 about his experiences as a slave. Olaudah Equiano was born in Nigeria on 1945 and was kidnapped at the age 11. Equiano was then sold into the Atlantic slave trade.
The slave trade begins with Portuguese and some Spanish traders taking African slaves to the American colonies then taking the slaves through the middle passage across the Atlantic to sell them in the west indies and North America. In the early 15th century European traders started to sell slaves. They charged into towns to capture Africans. Some Africans captured in wars were sold to European traders by other Africans.The biggest effect the trade had on West Africa was a huge decrease in their population of people getting captured or traded into slavery. Below is a picture of the triangular trade route with slavery.
From document 1, Douglass said that “…the mere hearing of those songs would do more to impress some minds with the horrible character of slavery…” If even the song would tell how horrible the slaves’ lives are, we definitely can say that the slaves are in a miserable condition and they only can express their feelings with their songs. Document 2 is the perspective of a son who saw his father punished by the plantation overseer. “His cries grew fainter and fainter, till a feeble groan was the only response to the final blows.” “But from this hour he became utterly changed. Sullen, morose, and dogged, nothing could be done with him.” Through these descriptions, atrocity of plantation overseer and impact of harsh punishment on slaves are obvious. In document 3, the picture shows that in this bloody trade, slaves are just like materials and goods, they are not treated as people, they are more likely treated like machines and jetton.
There were a few unsuccessful revolts, which usually was punishable by torture or death. The Fugitive Slave Act made it very difficult for slaves to escape, as those that made it safely to free territory could be recaptured and sold into slavery once again. Whites and Slave Owners painted slaves and Africans as wild and animalistic creatures that needed to be tamed. This emphasized white man’s burden and superiority that is still evident even today’s modern society. White man’s burden was the idea that whites adopted, where they believed they needed to “civilize” those they colonized.
The oppression of slaves eventually lead to John Brown’s Raid, in which Brown attempted to inspire slaves to free themselves. Brown strongly believed that the South had taken over the government, displayed in the Dred Scott decision. The ruling was so obviously motivated by Southern slave owners’ values, and Brown wanted to do something about the injustice. When the system of checks and balances failed, Brown resorted to violence. This attempt to free slaves ended up failing, however the “raid” still left an impact.
Westward Expansion and Slavery were the prominent reasons for the secession crisis. The North and South developed tension due to their differing economic backgrounds. The South’s economy was heavily reliant on slave labor to produce cotton, making them want to fight to protect their way of life and the pillars of their society. In contrast, industry fueled the North, allowing the region to see the evil nature of slavery and develop antislavery views. The Fugitive Slave act of 1850 forced Northerners to support the institution through returning runaway slaves, creating anger and resistance in the North and additional tension.
The Atlantic Slave Trade was the trading of slaves across the Atlantic Ocean. It took place between the 16th and 19th centuries. It involved mainly Spain, Africa, Portugal, and France. The Atlantic Slave Trade linked Africa to the rest of the Atlantic World. Portugal had a major role in the Slave Trade.
Enslavement of Africans and the creation of the concept of racism were two very poor choices made by the early American colonists. Africans were captured by traders and used for American slavery, causing massive consequences for the future of the western world. Shortly after the American continents were discovered, Europeans began colonizing it. For the lack of productive farmers in the New World, colonists began to trade with Africa, which gladly accepted American goods in exchange for African slaves, who had been captured. American traders then loaded the slaves aboard their ship and set off to go back to America.