In 1939, the scientific community, specifically German physicists had learned the secrets of splitting a uranium atom (The Manhattan Project” 2015). America realized that Adolf Hitler’s Germany obtained a massive amount of scientific talent. With their access had necessary raw materials and knowledge of the splitting of the uranium atom, they had the industrial capacity to produce an atomic bomb(“Manhattan Project”2014). The atomic bomb would eventually become the turning point of weaponry during World War II. On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein about the splitting of the uranium atom which could be beneficial in developing weapons for America during World War II. The Manhattan Project was constructed during World War II by the United States to develop the first nuclear weapon/atomic bomb (The Manhattan Project” 2015).
On the first day of November in 1952, president Harry S. Truman tested the very first H-bomb on a remote island located in the Pacific Ocean. Common people were not supposed to know, but the information about the detonation were released more than 14 days later. After the atomic bombs were dropped in Japan, our government did not continue the idea of the creation of the hydrogen bomb until the Soviet Union was able to successfully explode their atomic bomb in 1949. President Truman demanded the invention of the hydrogen bomb (1).
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction.
One of the most controversial events from World War II (WWII) was the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On August 6, 1945, America dropped the world’s first atomic bomb, code name “Little Boy, over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The explosion resulted in over 90,000 deaths. August 9th, 1945, a second bomb was dropped, code name “Fat Man”, on Nagasaki, instantly killing an estimated 70,000 people. On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor. “It is an awful responsibility that has
The first atomic bomb was exploded in New Mexico on July sixteenth, 1945. In Ray Bradbury’s “Dark They Were and Golden Eyed,” the humans came to Mars because “the atom bomb will [destroy] Earth” (Bradbury 480). This story is connected to the historical event known as the atomic bomb. Research shows “Albert Einstein came up with many of the theories that helped scientists in making the atomic bomb” (Barrett).
In 1942, Julius Robert Oppenheimer started to work on the Manhattan Project, where he became most commonly known as the father of the atomic bomb, because he was the director of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was the United States building an atomic bomb during the WWII. On July 16, 1945, the first nuclear bomb was exploded with the power of eighteen thousand tons of TNT in the New Mexico desert . After the first bomb was made, two more were dropped into Japan to help end the war. The two bombs that were dropped in Japan were called Little Boy and Fat Man.
The Decision to Drop the Bomb described to us decisions leading up to the ultimate dropping of two atomic bombs over Japan in a matter of days. It narrated various circumstances that occurred. One was the untimely death of President Roosevelt. President Truman took over with no information on the experiments and had to rely on his advisors and various committees. Individual agendas appeared to have played in the ultimate dropping of the bombs. Scientists wanting not to have development of the bomb to be used for warfare, were kept from speaking with President Truman to give him an alternative perspective. Tight restrictions were implemented.
Not too long after the beginning of the project, a breakthrough occurred in the winter of 1942 (Rhodes). The physicists led by Fermi produced the world’s first controlled Nuclear Chain Reaction at the Stagg Field in the University of Chicago ("The Manhattan Project."). Encouraged by the results and progress, the U.S. government funded the project and endless progress resulted (Rhodes). Robert Oppenheimer, an American theoretical Physicist, was given the task of designing the bomb in Los Alamos Laboratory in New Mexico ("The Manhattan Project"). Responsible for the aforementioned designing and further research, Oppenheimer is accredited as the “father of the atomic bomb” (Rhodes).
The United States presented its own atomic program under the Army Corps of Engineers in June 1942. The U.S. expected to fabricate a nuclear weapon before Germany or Japan did. On May 12, 1942, President Roosevelt marked a request making a mystery venture to build up the atomic weapon. The program that built up the nuclear bomb for the United States amid World War II was the biggest mystery extend ever embraced by the U.S.
During World War II, the United States discovered that the energy of the atom could be used in a new form of bomb. However, the Germans also discovered this, meaning that it would be a race to actually complete the weapon. The U.S. knew it needed to act fast and so three facilities were created for the development of the weapon in Washington, New Mexico, and Tennessee. The plants in Tennessee were based in almost the middle of nowhere.
On August 6, 1945 the United States ordered to drop a nuclear bomb on Hiroshima, a city in Japan. The bomb instantly killed between 70,000 and 80,000 people but due to the radiation more people suffered death after the attack. The bomb dropped on Hiroshima was known as “Little Boy” which was the first atomic bomb created. The plane that had dropped the bomb was known as the Enola Gay a B-29 bomber flown by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets. On August 9, 1945 the second nuclear bomb was dropped by the US on Nagasaki.
The Manhattan Project might have ended in 1947, but its effects lasted far past that (Palmer “The Long Shadow Of The Manhattan Project Part I: The Atom Bomb And Science”). One of its more prominent effects was the Atomic age when thousands of nuclear weapons were created and tested including the hydrogen bomb (“The Development and Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons”). To this day, the hydrogen bomb is the most powerful nuclear weapon, with the energy of 15,000 kilotons of TNT (Palmer “The Long Shadow Of The Manhattan Project Part I: The Atom Bomb And Science”). The Atomic age was also included the Cold War, when Russia and America competed fiercely in a nuclear arms race, though they never actually fought with the weapons (Majerol “The Atom
Daisaku Ikeda said “Japan learned from the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that the tragedy wrought by nuclear weapons must never be repeated and that humanity and nuclear weapons cannot exist.” The United States ended World War II by bombing Japan which caused radiation damage and devastation to all of Japan. The United States had three main reasons why they dropped the atomic bomb in such a rush. They wanted to limit American casualties from fighting future battles. The United States wanted to establish dominance over the war before Russia could join in. Lately they wanted to see what kind of damage it would really do what what the aftermath would be like. In fact the atomic bombs used in World War II against Japan were the only atomic
The 10-megaton blast of the bomb had destroyed the test island of Elugelab, creating an underwater crater 1,500 yards in diameter. With the hydrogen bomb the United States and the world had entered the thermonuclear age. Thermonuclear means relating to or using nuclear reactions that occur only at very high temperatures, or involving weapons in which explosive force in produced by nuclear
There were 2 atomic bomb that was dropped in the World War II. The 2 atomic bombs is called The Fat Man and The Little Boy. Little boy was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. An American B-29 (a type of plane) called the "Enola Gay" was piloted by Paul W. Tibbets, dropped a uranium atomic bomb that is called The Little Boy, the bomber dropped the world’s first atomic bomb with its name Little Boy on Hiroshima, Hiroshima was Japan's seventh largest city. In minutes, half of the city was destroyed.