It’s no surprise that the government keeps secrets away from the American people, right? What if I told you that one of those secrets led up to over 190,000 deaths of fairly if not completely innocent people? Because that is exactly what happened as a result of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan project was a huge research conducted by scientists and physicists alike to create what would soon be the world’s first atomic bomb. Not only one of the world’s first atomic bombs, but definitely a huge turning point in history, causing bucketloads of death and destruction.
The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so ‘why was it necessary to drop the bomb?”. Especially the second type, as evidence suggests that the Japanese were already defeated. Bombing and killing the innocent people shouldn’t ever be justified, however, it was a war and the American government did warn the Japanese about the consequences of continuing the fight. On August 6, 1945, the atomic bomb enriched with uranium, coded “Little boy”, was dropped over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The project was coded ‘Trinity’ when the first and only testing of ‘Little boy’ was on July 16th, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
In 1945, World War II (1939-1945) had been going on for six years. The United States had entered the war in 1941 and had only been fighting for four years. In a desperate attempt to end the war, the United States decided it would be a good idea to scare people by using the nuclear bombs they created (Brumfiel). On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped a bomb named “Little Boy” on the Japanese city, Hiroshima. Three days later, on August 9, the U.S dropped another bomb called “Fat Boy” on the Japanese city, Nagasaki (Hall).
In addition, some of Einstein’s discoveries, would go on to make the atomic bomb possible. Possibly one of the most famous equations ever, he created E=mc2. Einstein transformed the laws of time, space, and gravity (Encyclopedia of Scientists). He was the first person to abandon Newton’s light
Was America Justified in dropping the atom bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945? On August 6th, 1945 at 8:16 AM, a great yet horrific event in history occurred. This event is known as the dropping of the atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan, the event that would begin and end the pain and suffering of millions. The atom bomb was dropped by an American B-29 Superfortress bomber named Enola Gay and the bomb’s code name was “Little Boy”. Three days later, on August 9th, 1945, America dropped another bomb on Nagasaki with the code name “Fat Man”.
On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor.
The atomic bomb was one of the greatest and most destructive inventions in American history. J. Robert Oppenheimer is known to be the “father of the A-bomb” and received numerous praises for his work ("Oppenheimer: American Prometheus"). The Manhattan project, where the Trinity bomb was set off, was where everything fell into place for Oppenheimer and his career with the atomic bomb. “J. Robert Oppenheimer was director at the Los Alamos site.
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction. The Atomic Bomb was created through a series of tests conducted in New Mexico known as the Trinity tests or more commonly as the Manhattan Project.
After the dropping of atomic bombs on Japan in 1945, there have been several close calls that brought us to the brink of nuclear war. One of the most important close calls was the Cuban Missile Crisis which occurred just 17 years after the bombing of Japan. It took place from October 16 to approximately October 28, 1962.
The creation of the atomic bomb in 1945 marked the beginning of a new era. As Japan was surrounded by U.S. forces, the U.S. issued the Potsdam Declaration, defining terms for Japanese surrender. However, Japan did not surrender. Thus, U.S. dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, killing many civilians. Three days later, the second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, ultimately leading to a Japanese surrender, essentially ending World War II.
Tonya Gusevik HIST102 Dr. Lupo August 16, 2015 The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project is a short history of the beginning of the Atomic Bomb program during World War II. Nuclear research all started when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, and the United States entered into World War II. Scientific development began in the years prior to the war. The program started in 1939 and grew to employ more than 130,000 people. The Manhattan Project maintained control over the research, development, and production of American atomic weapons.
Before World War II even started the Americans started their nuclear weapons project. This project was called the Manhattan Project. In 1939, a group of American scientist became concerned about nuclear weapons research being conducted in Nazi Germany (“Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki”). The U.S. made two bombs Little Boy and Fat Man. On Dec, 7 1941 Japan
In 1938, German chemists discovered fission (how to split a uranium atom.) This discovery changed the world forever. A man named Leo Szilard knew that this discovery could power an incredibly powerful bomb. He got the idea from a science fiction book he loved that was written in 1914 by H.G. Wells called, “The World Set Free”, which talked about an atomic bomb.
The first atomic bomb was exploded in New Mexico on July sixteenth, 1945. In Ray Bradbury’s “Dark They Were and Golden Eyed,” the humans came to Mars because “the atom bomb will [destroy] Earth” (Bradbury 480). This story is connected to the historical event known as the atomic bomb. Research shows “Albert Einstein came up with many of the theories that helped scientists in making the atomic bomb” (Barrett). President Franklin Roosevelt set up a research and development program for the atomic bomb, called the Manhattan Project.
Before President Truman decidecd to drop the two atomic bombs, the war with the Japanese had no end insight. The United States had been already attacking Japan from the air from B-29