The Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian war like most wars started because one nation was scared that another nation was getting too powerful. In this situation those two nations or city-states were Athens and Sparta. Both of these city-states were once very good friends, they had actually fought side by side during the War between Greece and Persia. Most of what we know about this war comes from Thucydides, who was around when the war was happening. (Lendering, "Peloponnesian War").
The war started because of the queen of Sparta being abducted. Thus the Greeks set out to retrieve the queen of Sparta. Odysseus was one of the prominent leaders in this war. His story was told throughout the Odyssey. The Odyssey is a Greek epic by Homer telling the story of Odysseus’ journey home after the war.
These wars were the most brutal wars in the history. As Carthage lost the first war and still maintained their power they met into the second war with Romans. However, the second war made the Romans lost a lot of his army. The Roman decided on a great plan and made the Carthage surrender again in the second Punic War. However, the third Punic war was just an operation against Carthage to remind them that how Romans destroyed them in the history.
As one can probably guess, each civilization’s goals were not favorable to the other and the great conflict between these titans emerged. The first conflict, known as the First Punic War was over the control of the island of Sicily. The island itself was divided among three nations: Carthage, Syracruse, and the Campanian mercenaries known as the Mamertines (Sons of Mars). Eventually, these extremists would call upon the aid of Rome after the king of Syracruse attacked them (1901). Fearing Carthaginian possession of a greater part of Sicily, Rome decided to help.
Many stories had Ares portrayed with a hotheaded personality. In one of the most highly regarded stories in Greek mythology, “The Iliad,” Ares is on the Trojan’s side of the war. As stated on Mythagora.com, “Ares was clearly on the side of the Trojans when the Achaeans laid siege to the city of Troy… During the siege of Troy, Athena stood against Ares and was victorious on several occasions,” (Mythagora.com). The reason that Ares was so clearly on the Trojan’s side was because of Aphrodite. It was no hidden fact that Aphrodite was having affairs.
Both shields depict why the hero is fighting. Achilles’ shield takes on a much more broader view on the universe than Aeneas’. The figures on Achilles’ shield show the Achaean way of life, Which was the reason the Trojan War was being fought. Aeneas’ shield shows the story ofRome, which is the reason he was fighting. We can conclude that Virgil based Aeneas’ shield offofAchilles’ shield.
Introduction: The Two Buildings; Parthenon in Athens and Pantheon in Rome are both classical heritage of the former world powers. Both buildings were temple built and dedicated to the gods of Athens and Romans. The excellent strength and the durability of these temples are unimaginable. Going by the length of time that these buildings have been in existence, one cannot but admires the brilliance of the ancient Greek and Roman architects for such excellent edifices that have outlived many generations, and yet remain a symbol of ancient Greek and Roman history. In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now.
His Roman worship was better than his Greek worship, because the Romans thought of him as their father, and someone that would aid them, and the Greeks feared Ares for his lust of ,sometimes, unwanted bloodshed (Mars). When Ares was chained by the giants, was a period of peace between two countries sealed by two brass coins in a jar (Ares). Ares was in many wars, but the one that stands out is the Trojan War, when he was always on Aphrodite’s side (Ares). Ares fought for a man named Hector against Achilles, who was given gifts from the gods, and a spear from Athena (Ares). Achilles killed Hector, out of rage, for earlier Hector had killed Patroclus (Ares).
The Iliad by Homer The Iliad was a really good representation of the chaotic war-torn times of the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea; this includes the countries Rome and Greece. It was a time where nations were trying to expand their power and influence and warriors were claiming their spoils of war. I mean the beginning of book I of The Iliad, Achilles and Agamemnon are arguing over the rewards and the spoils of war. Agamemnon didn’t want to give up his prize girl Chryses in order to please the God Apollo and stop the plague and the rain of arrow falling from Olympus. However, in the end Agamemnon took Achilles’ girl, Briseis, which really hurt Achilles in the end.
According to Thucydides, this was not the only factor that caused the war. Apparently, Athenians wanted to throw the Persians out of their home land after an Athens leader took over the Delian league. In which they did, the Athens took over a great sum of the Peloponnesian land. As the tension continued, Athens began to build a wall surrounding its empire to prevent Sparta from attacking. At this point in time, the tension between all the city states in Greece were on high alert.
The mystery of this monument and the pyramids borders on the time of their construction, the people who built them and why (Hagen& Rainer, 2007). Some historians ascribe the Great Sphinxof Giza to Khafre. Its discoverywas a great milestone in the process of unraveling the mysteries of Ancient Egypt. The statue was found in the Valley Temple which is adjacent to Sphinx. This was a revelation that Khafre was the builder of the Valley Temple as well as the Sphinx.
The Danes and the Greeks had heroes in their stories of Odysseus and Beowulf. These heroes travelled to assist others in battle. Odysseus went to fight in the Trojan War and Hygelac went to fight Grendel and rid Hrothgar’s hall of evil. In the modern day, there are still heroes that go off to battle and participate in war. This is usually done by order of a government, however, the enlisted soldiers see it as a duty to their country.
There are also symmetrical circle-like symbols around the shield. It’s impressive how aligned they were with each other, and how much detail is given to each symbol. Besides the circle-like symbols, there is also an interesting inscription in the shield. I also noted how the plaque states the damaged shield is bronze. That shows that during the first half of the third century BC, people already knew combining tin and copper would create bronze.
The Trojan War is one of the most important historical events that occurred in Greek Mythology . The film Troy is based on Homers ' account of the Trojan War in the Iliad. The film begins with a peace agreement between Sparta and Troy. This agreement is nonexistent when Paris and Helen, the wife of Menelaus flee to Troy together. Menelaus, King of Sparta, declares war on Troy owing to the fact that Paris fled to Troy with his wife, Helen, along with Agamemnon, his brother the King go Mycenae, who wants to bring down the Trojans under his command.