Mahasweta Devi's stories show how the 4eJite culture of na¬tionalism' excludes the subaltern. In one of the stories, 'Draupadi’. the heroine Draupadi or Dopdi Mejhen bears a semblance to her mythical counterpart in more than the name that she shares with her. Both become territories the enemy has conquered, the prize he has won and the female body that he has to dishonour. The mythical Draupadi cannot be disrobed, after she is dragged into the court to be dishonoured.
By accepting the past, she comprehends that the past has nothing to do with how she is today. Additionally, the story Minka has written holds its own significance. She has deliberately stopped the story before the ending was revealed. This demonstrates how “Fiction comes in all shapes and sizes” (460). The story Minka has written represents life.
Margaret Atwood does not conclude The Handmaid’s Tale. She presents two options to the reader on the ultimate fate of the main protagonist, Offred. The optimistic one portrays Nick as helping her escape to freedom with the people disguised as the Eyes. The other, more pessimistic one, suggests Nick betrays her by reporting her to the Eyes and leading her, one assumes, to her death. While Atwood provides details that could be pointed towards a more positive ending, she does not dictate which one occurs.
Lise is calling the shots, she is in the driver 's seat, metaphorically in the sense that she holds the authority, and literally in that she physically has to drive Richard to the place where she instructs him to kill her. Although a women being put into a position where she is the fragile victim about to be killed is not a positive depiction of a powerful women, Lise breaks the perception of what feminism is seen as. She does this by taking a common patriarchal characteristic and turning it into a feminist one. Lise playing the victim while simultaneously being the one in control is an example of how Spark portrays this new brand of feminism. Spark is mocking while at the same time creating a new perspective of feminism and what it means to write a feminist
After being captured to become handmaids, the women are relocated to the Red Centre, where they are supervised by the Aunts. These so-called “protectors” shame the women for their past lives and show disdain for anyone who dared to prevent a birth. “ How could they, said Aunt Lydia, oh how could they have done such a thing? Jezebels! Scorning God’s gifts!
This way of life is reinforced through the language that has been enforced by the regime. Handmaids bid adieu via the phrase “Under His Eye”, which emphasises the fact that the Eyes, short for the Eyes of God, are omnipresent and ready to extinguish/obliterate any rebellion. Everyone in Gilead watches their tongue as the Eyes could easily come in, arrest, and kill those who pose a threat to the regime. In addition, infertile women who have no useful purpose are labeled as Unwomen; literally, a not-woman. Babies who have birth defects, and then die from those defects, are labelled as Unbabies.
A women that was non-virgin was seen as polluting the sacred rites and called down the fury and anger of the goddess on both the city and people. If a Vestal Virgin was found guilty of losing her virginity then she would pay the ultimate punishment which was through the act of stoning to death. If a man was also found guilty of having an affair with a Vestal virgin then he was also given the punishment of being put to death. The article “ Catiline and the Vestal Virgins,” T.J. Cadoux talks about the punishment of a Vestal Virgin who would broke the laws and rules that were placed before them. Cadoux states “She that has broken her vow is buried alive near the gate called Collina, where a little mound of earth stands, called in Latin agger; under it a narrow room is constructed, to which a descent is made by stairs; here they prepare a bed, and light a lamp, and leave a small quantity of victuals, such as bread, water, a pail of milk and some oil; so that the body which had been consecrated and devoted to the most sacred service of religion might not be said to perish by such a death as famine.
Accepting the past permitted Sage to comprehend that the past has nothing to do with her present self. Additionally, the story Minka has written holds its own significance. She has deliberately stopped the story before the ending was revealed. This demonstrates how “Fiction comes in all shapes and sizes” (460). The story Minka has written represents life.
In the book, the colonies are often mentioned as a threat or a reminder of the fate they could suffer. The handmaid 's have one job, and they doing anything outside of contributing to that job will get them sent away. In one instance Ofglen, a handmaid, is replaced by a new handmaid because she was discovered for being part of the underground revolution. As Offred is walking to meet her, she thinks “Then when she’s nearer still I see what it is. She isn’t Ofglen.” (page 282).
Therefore, Brian and his mother chose to go to the stoning of a man blamed for blasphemy. Since women are not permitted to go to the stoning Brian 's mother needed to wear a fake facial hair much the same as numerous other